Airmobile Brigade Friuli
The Airmobile Brigade "Friuli" is an airmobile brigade of the Italian Army, based mainly in the Emilia-Romagna region. The brigade was part of the 1st Defence Forces Command until it was transferred to the Division "Friuli". The brigade's coat of arms depicts a stylized version of the Rocca di Monfalcone castle near the city of Monfalcone in the Friuli region, where the brigade distinguished itself during World War I.
|Brigata Aeromobile "Friuli"|
Coat of Arms Airmobile Brigade "Friuli"
|Active||1 November 1884 - 28 December 1926|
Infantry Brigade "Friuli"
15 April 1960 - 23 September 1975
Infantry Brigade "Friuli"
24 September 1975 - 1 June 1991
Motorized Brigade "Friuli"
2 June 1991 - 1 May 2000
Mechanized Brigade "Friuli"
2 May 2000 - today
Airmobile Brigade "Friuli"
|Part of||Division "Vittorio Veneto"|
|Engagements||World War I |
|Brigadier Luigi Francavilla|
The Infantry Brigade Friuli was formed on 1 November 1884, in Milan and consisted of the 87th Infantry Regiment "Friuli" and the 88th Infantry Regiment "Friuli". At the outbreak of hostilities between Kingdom of Italy and the Austrian Empire in 1915 the Friuli along with the Infantry Brigade "Cremona" formed the 16th Division of the Line. The brigade fought bravely in World War I but was dissolved after the war on 28 December 1926.
World War IIEdit
The 20th Infantry Division Friuli was formed on 24 August 1939 by renaming the existing 20th Infantry Division Curtatone e Montanara in Livorno. The division was immediately split to create the 44th Infantry Division Cremona, but it retained its traditional regiments: the 87th and 88th infantry regiments.
After World War II the division was the only division of the IV Military Territorial Command and based in the city of Bolzano. In 1949 the division moved to Florence where it joined the VII Military Territorial Command. There the division was augmented with the 78th Infantry Regiment Lupi di Toscana, 8th Field Artillery Regiment and 3rd Light Anti-Air Artillery Regiment. Later the 3rd Light Anti-Air Artillery Regiment was replaced by the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment Piemonte Cavalleria.
In September 1956 the Friuli and the Trieste Motorised Infantry Division entered the newly raised VI Army Corps.
Infantry Brigade FriuliEdit
On 15 April 1960, the Friuli Infantry Division was reduced to brigade, losing all its traditional regiments. The brigade was headquartered in Florence and most of its units stationed in the surrounding region of Tuscany. By 1964 the structure of the Infantry Brigade Friuli was:
- Infantry Brigade Friuli, in Florence
- 78th Infantry Regiment Lupi di Toscana, in Scandicci
- I Battalion, in Scandicci
- II Battalion, in Pistoia
- Anti-tank Company, in Scandicci
- XIX Armored Battalion, in Florence, with M26 Pershing tanks and M113 armoured personnel carriers
- Friuli Field Artillery Group, in Pistoia, with M114 155mm towed howitzers
- Friuli Logistic Services Battalion, in Coverciano
- Friuli Engineer Company Friuli, in Florence
- Friuli Signal Company Friuli, in Florence
- Light Aircraft Section Friuli with L-21A Super Cub
- 78th Infantry Regiment Lupi di Toscana, in Scandicci
The brigade stored materiel and equipment, including M1 40/56 anti-aircraft cannons, for the Friuli Light Anti-aircraft Artillery Group in Pistoia, which in case of war would have been activated and filled with reservists from Tuscany.
Motorized Brigade FriuliEdit
With the abolishment of the regimental level during the 1975 army reform the 78th Regiment was disbanded on 23 September 1975, and the brigade changed its name to Motorized Brigade Friuli. The new structure was:
- Motorized Brigade Friuli, in Florence
- Command and Signal Unit Friuli , in Florence
- 19th Armored Battalion M.O. Butera, in Florence, with a mix of M47 Patton main battle tanks and M113 armoured personnel carriers
- 78th Motorized Infantry Battalion Lupi di Toscana, in Scandicci
- 87th Motorized Infantry Battalion Senio, in Pistoia
- 225th Infantry (Training) Battalion Arezzo, in Arezzo
- 35th Field Artillery Group Riolo, in Pistoia, with M114 155mm towed howitzers
- Friuli Logistic Battalion, in Coverciano
- Friuli Anti-tank Company, in Scandicci
- Friuli Engineer Company, in Florence
The brigade stored materiel and equipment for the 35th Motorized Infantry Battalion Pistoia in Pistoia, which in case of war would have been activated and filled with reservists from Tuscany.
On 1 January 1986, the Friuli Brigade and the Folgore Parachute Brigade, in conjunction with some units of the Army's Light Army Aviation and the Navy's San Marco Regiment, became the Rapid Intervention Forces of the Italian Military, deployable on short notice for out of area missions.
Mechanized Brigade FriuliEdit
After the end of the Cold War and the subsequent reduction of the Italian Army the Friuli merged on 1 June 1991 with the Mechanized Brigade Trieste. Although the new brigade was named Mechanized Brigade Friuli, it was headquartered in Bologna in the HQ building of the Trieste brigade. Before the merger the 87th Motorized Infantry Battalion Senio had been disbanded on 31 January 1991, and the 35th Field Artillery Group Riolo and the 19th Armored Battalion on 6 May 1991.
After the reintroduction of the regimental level in 1992 the brigade was then composed of the following units as of 1 January 1993:
- Mechanized Brigade Friuli, in Bologna
- Command and Signal Unit Friuli, in Bologna (renamed Command and Tactical Supports Unit after merging with the engineer company in 1993)
- 4th Tank Regiment, in Ozzano dell'Emilia, with Leopard 1A2 main battle tanks (later renamed 33rd Tank Regiment)
- 6th Bersaglieri Regiment, Bologna, with VCC-2 armoured personnel carriers
- 66th Mechanized Battalion Valtellina, in Forlì, with VCC-2 armoured personnel carriers (later renamed 66th Infantry Regiment Trieste)
- 78th Infantry Regiment Lupi di Toscana, in Scandicci, with VCC-2 armoured personnel carriers
- 225th Infantry Regiment Arezzo, in Arezzo (later replaced by the 121st Infantry Regiment Macerata)
- 21st Self-propelled Artillery Group Romagna, with M109 155mm self-propelled howitzers, in Bologna (later renamed 21st Self-propelled Field Artillery Regiment Trieste)
- Friuli Logistic Battalion, in Budrio
- Engineer Company, in Bologna (merged in September 1993 into the Command and Signal Unit)
Airmobile Brigade FriuliEdit
During the late 1990s the brigade was reorganized to become Italy's only Air Assault Brigade. The 33rd Tank was transferred to the Ariete Armored Brigade and the 121st Infantry Regiment to the Legnano Mechanized Brigade; the 21st Self-propelled Artillery Regiment was transferred to the Pinerolo Armored Brigade in Southern Italy. In 1995 the brigade received the 4th Alpine Army Corps' 3rd Cavalry Regiment Savoia Cavalleria, which was transferred from Meran in South Tyrol to Grosseto in Tuscany. On 5 September of the same year the 78th Infantry Regiment Lupi di Toscana left the brigade to become a training regiment. On 1 January 1999, the 7th Army Aviation Regiment Vega and on 1 May 2000, the 5th Army Aviation Regiment Rigel were transferred to the brigade, which on the second date changed its name to Airmobile Brigade "Friuli". On 27 June 2001 the Friuli Logistic Battalion became the 6th Transport Regiment and was transferred to the Logistic Projection Brigade. On 1 January 2005, the 6th Bersaglieri Regiment was transferred to the Aosta Mechanized Brigade on Sicily.
During the 2013 reform the Friuli ceded the 3rd Cavalry Regiment Savoia Cavalleria to the Folgore Parachute Brigade. In turn the Friuli was destined to merge with the Cavalry Brigade Pozzuolo del Friuli: in preparation for the merger the Friuli ceded its name on 16 July 2013 to the Division Friuli in Florence so that the name and traditions of the Cavalry Brigade Pozzuolo del Friuli could be passed to the former Airmobile Brigade "Friuli". However the merger was later canceled and on 1 July 2019 the Division "Friuli" changed its name to Division "Vittorio Veneto" and all traditions of the name "Friuli" returned to the brigade. As of 2019 the brigade is structured as follows:
- Airmobile Brigade "Friuli", in Bologna
- Command and Tactical Supports Unit "Friuli", in Bologna
- 66th Airmobile Infantry Regiment "Trieste", in Forlì, with VTLM Lince vehicles
- 5th Army Aviation Regiment "Rigel", in Casarsa (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
- 7th Army Aviation Regiment "Vega", in Rimini
The Trieste infantry regiment is equipped with Lince light multirole vehicles. The regiment's maneuver support company is equipped with 120mm mortars and Spike anti-tank guided missile systems. The Rigel army aviation regiment fields three A129 Mangusta attack helicopter squadrons, and two NH90 utility helicopter squadrons, and one A109A EOA reconnaissance helicopter squadron. The Vega army aviation regiment fields three A129 Mangusta attack helicopter and three NH90 utility helicopter squadrons.