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Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Friedrich Franz III (19 March 1851 – 10 April 1897) was the penultimate Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Grand Duke Frederick Francis III
Friedrich Franz III.jpg
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Reign15 April 1883 – 10 April 1897
PredecessorGrand Duke Frederick Francis II
SuccessorGrand Duke Frederick Francis IV
Born19 March 1851 (1851-03-19)
Died10 April 1897 (1897-04-11) (aged 46)
SpouseGrand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
IssueQueen Alexandrine, Queen Consort of Denmark
Frederick Francis IV
Crown Princess Cecile of Germany
FatherFrederick Francis II
MotherPrincess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz



He was born in Schloss Ludwigslust the son of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and his first wife Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz. He succeeded his father as Grand Duke on 15 April 1883.

From an early age Friedrich Franz suffered from asthma and severe breathing difficulties. He could not live in the north of Europe and lived instead on the shores of the Mediterranean, where the mild climate agreed with him. His homosexuality was an open secret.[1]

Friedrich Franz's death in Cannes on 10 April 1897 is shrouded in mystery, as he was originally reported to have committed suicide by throwing himself off a parapet of a bridge.[2] According to the official account of his death, however, he was in his garden when he experienced breathing difficulties and staggered around before falling over a low wall.[3] He was succeeded by his son Friedrich Franz IV, who would be the last Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Marriage and childrenEdit

Friedrich Franz married Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia in Saint Petersburg on 24 January 1879. They had three children:



  • Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, Mann für Mann, pages 253
  • Hans von Tresckow, Von Fürsten und anderen Sterblichen, Erinnerungen eines Kriminalkommisars, 1922, Berlin, page 89


  1. ^ Bernd-Ulrich Hergemöller, Mann für Mann, pages 253
  2. ^ "The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Shown to Have Committed Suicide" (PDF). New York Times. 1897-04-13. Retrieved 2007-10-23.
  3. ^ "The Grand Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin Did Not Commit Suicide" (PDF). New York Times. 1897-04-15. Retrieved 2007-10-23.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Friedrich Franz III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Wikimedia Commons

Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Cadet branch of the House of Mecklenburg
Born: 19 March 1851 Died: 10 April 1897
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Friedrich Franz II
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Succeeded by
Friedrich Franz IV