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Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim

Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim (27 April 1906 – c. 2003) was a German man who was imprisoned by the Nazis for the crime of homosexuality under Germany's now-repealed Paragraph 175. He was born in Lübeck, Germany.


Von Groszheim was one of 230 men arrested in Lübeck on suspicion of being gay by the SS in January 1937. He was imprisoned for ten months, during which he had to wear a badge emblazoned with a capital A, for Arschficker ("arse-fucker"):

They beat us to a pulp. I couldn't lie whole back (was) bloody. You were beaten until you finally named names [1]

Von Groszheim was held in a cell with no heating, very little food, and no toilet facilities. He was rearrested in 1938, tortured and forcibly castrated[2] before being re-released. Due to the castration, he was rejected as physically unfit for military service in 1940. In 1943 he was arrested a third time, this time as a supporter of the former Kaiser Wilhelm II, and imprisoned as a political prisoner at Neuengamme concentration camp.[3]

After the warEdit

Von Groszheim settled in Hamburg, Germany. In 1995, he was one of eight signers to a declaration given to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. that called for the "memorializing and documenting of Nazi atrocities against homosexuals and others."[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Peter Tatchell Human Rights". Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b Dunlap, David W. (26 June 1995). "Personalizing Nazis' Homosexual Victims". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
  3. ^ "Breaking the Silence: Friedrich-Paul Von Groszheim – Holocaust Teacher Resource Center". Retrieved 9 April 2018.

External linksEdit