The French National Road Race Championship is a cycling race where the French cyclists decide who will become the champion for the year to come. The event was established in 1899, a professional championship was established in 1907 and the women's championship was established in 1951. Several additional categories were added later. The record for victories is by one of the best female cyclists, Jeannie Longo, who has so far won 20 road championships.
The winners of each event are awarded with a symbolic cycling jersey which is blue, white and red, just like the national flag, these colours can be worn by the rider at other road racing events in the country to show their status as national champion. The champion's stripes can be combined into a sponsored rider's team kit design for this purpose.
- In 1941, two titles were awarded: one in the occupied zone of France, another for the un-occupied zone
- (*) 1947 : Paul Néri finished first but did not qualify as he was Italian
- (**) 1967, 1970, 1971 : riders disqualified for doping.
- * 2002 winner was originally named as Freddy Bichot, but he was disqualified following a positive drugs test for corticoids