French Australians (French: Australiens d'origine française), some of whom refer to themselves as Huguenots, are Australian citizens or residents of French ancestry, or French-born people who reside in Australia. According to the 2011 Census, there were 110,399 people of French descent in Australia and 24,675 French-born people residing in the country at the time of the census, representing an increase of 28.6 percent compared to the 2006 Census. The largest French Australian community is in the state of New South Wales, where they number 8,936 people–many of them reside in Sydney.
24,675 (by birth, 2011)
110,399 (by ancestry, 2011)
98,332 (by ancestry, 2006)
19,189 (by birth, 2006)
|Regions with significant populations|
|France-born people by state or territory|
|New South Wales||8,936|
|Related ethnic groups|
According to the 2006 Australian census, 98,332 Australians (or 0.47% of the population) claim French ancestry, either alone or with another ancestry. Of these, 19,186 were born in France and 12,735 of them had since acquired Australian citizenship.
8,281 (or 43%) of the residents born in France had arrived in Australia in 1979 or earlier.
Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, Jean-Michel Huon de Kermadec, Lapérouse, Louis Antoine de Bougainville, Jules Dumont d'Urville, Nicolas Baudin, François Péron and Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne were some of the early European explorers to reach the continent. Francis Barrallier explored the Blue Mountains.
Many Australians with French ancestry are descended from Huguenot refugees. Some of the earliest Huguenots to arrive in Australia held prominent positions in English society, notably Jane Franklin and Charles La Trobe.
Others who came later were from poorer Huguenot families. They migrated to Australia from England in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to escape the poverty in the East End of London, notably in the Huguenot enclaves of Spitalfields and Bethnal Green. Their impoverishment had been brought about by the effect of the Industrial Revolution, which caused the collapse of the Huguenot-dominated silk-weaving industry.
A number of French orders of priests, nuns and brothers have contributed to the Catholic Church in Australia. They included the teaching orders of the De La Salle Brothers, Marist Brothers and Marist Sisters. The prominent school St Joseph's College, Hunters Hill was founded by the French Marist Brother Emilian Pontet in 1881. The Marist Fathers staffed parishes and conducted missionary activities in the South Pacific. The Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, based in Kensington, New South Wales, ran missions in remote Australia and New Guinea.
The largest post-war increase in French migration to Australia came during the 1960s and 1970s; unlike many other European countries, France did not establish a migration scheme in the immediate post-war period due to chronic underemployment, despite Australia seeing the French as some of the most desirable immigrants to obtain during that era.
Since that time, there has only been a small flow of French immigrants to Australia. Many people in the French-Australian community now originate from French overseas territories, especially New Caledonia.
Today, the Brisbane French Festival, held over the Bastille Day weekend, is Australia's biggest French festival. Participants include both French-born Australians and Australians of more distant French ancestry.
Alliance Française has an active presence in most Australian cities, teaching the French language, holding cultural events such as Beaujolais Nouveau festivals and sponsoring the nation's annual French film festival. SBS has also done much to increase the popularity of French cinema and culture with Australian audiences, though Hollywood still predominates with mainstream audiences.
Some Australians of French Huguenot descent have completely assimilated into the country's predominantly Anglo-Saxon culture but most still quietly but tenaciously hold on to as many aspects as they can of their French heritage and identify themselves very much as Huguenots, even hundreds of years after being exiled. The Huguenot Society of Australia does much to encourage Australian Huguenots to embrace their cultural heritage and provides genealogical research services.
French cuisine has influenced the nation with French-inspired cafes, restaurants and boulangeries to be found in most major cities. French immigrant chefs, particularly those who appear on television, have done much to promote French cooking and food philosophy, including a growing understanding of the concept of terroir.
The French Benevolent Society has an active presence in the nation, providing a support network for elderly and incapacitated French Australians.
Most of the French-born people in Australia are Roman Catholics and the Reformed Church of France (Église Réformée de France) is yet to establish a presence in the country, despite the vibrant group of Australians of Huguenot descent. However, Taizé-style services are becoming increasingly popular with both Roman Catholics and Protestants from a variety of denominations. Taizé provides one of the key grassroots ecumenical movements in the nation.
French international schools in Australia include:
|Name||Born||Notable for||Connection with Australia||Connection with France|
|Alice Charbonnet-Kellermann||1858||composer and music teacher||born on tour||French ancestry|
|Ted Baillieu||1953||Politician (Premier of Victoria)||Born in Australia||French-Belgian ancestry|
|Jason Baitieri||1989||Rugby footballer||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
|Mollois Emmanuel||1969-2017||Pastry chef and TV Celebrity||lived in Australia from 1997 to 2015||Born in France|
|Richie Benaud||1930||Commentator and former Australian cricket captain||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Cate Blanchett||1969||Actress||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Charles Bonney||1813||Pioneer and politician||Emigrated to Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Joseph Bosisto||1827||Chemist and politician||Emigrated to Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Richard Boyer||1891||Broadcaster, Chief of the ABC||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Guillaume Brahimi||1967||Chef||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
|Havana Brown||1985||Singer and songwriter||Born in Australia||Franco-Mauritian ancestry|
|Louis Buvelot||1814||Artist||Emigrated to Australia||Swiss-French|
|Marie Byles||1900||Solicitor and environmentalist||Emigrated to Australia from England||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Roy Cazaly||1893||Australian Rules footballer||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Harold Cazneaux||1878||Photographer||Emigrated to Australia from New Zealand||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Robert Champion de Crespigny||1950||Entrepreneur||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Charles Chauvel||1897||Filmmaker||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Christabel Chamarette||1948||Senator (Australian Greens)||Emigrated to Australia from India||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Greg Combet||1958||Politician||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Minard Fannie Crommelin||1881||Environmentalist||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Celeste de Chabrillan||1824||Writer, prostitute and wife of Consul||Visited Australia 1854–1856||Born in France|
|Russell Dumas||1887||Engineer||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Casey Dumont||1992||Female footballer||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Edward Duyker||1955||Historian||Born in Australia||Franco-Mauritian ancestry|
|Emilie de Ravin||1981||Actress||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Freda du Faur||1882||Mountaineer||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Luke DeVere||1989||Association footballer for Gyeongnam FC||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Johnny Famechon||1945||Boxer||Emigrated to Australia 1950 (about age 5)||Born in France|
|Manu Feildel||1974||Chef and television presenter||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
|Margaret Forrest||1844||Wife of Western Australia's first premier||Lived in Australia||Born in France|
|Jane Franklin||1791||Pioneer and philanthropist||Lived in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Mark Gasnier||1981||Rugby footballer||Lives in Australia||French ancestry|
|Gabriel Gaté||1955||Chef and television presenter||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
|Osmond Gilles||1788||Pastoralist, mine owner and colonial treasurer||Emigrated to Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Robert Gouger||1802||Founding father of South Australia and colonial secretary||Emigrated to Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Edward Hamersley||1835||Pastoralist and politician||Lived in Australia||Born in France|
|Yves Hernot||1950||Art Auctioneer and Patron of the Arts (Prix Yves Hernot) and Business man||Lives in Australia||French ancestry|
|Miranda Kerr||1983||Model, that was a Victoria's Secret Angel from 2007-2012||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|T. H. Laby||1880||Scientist||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Allan La Fontaine||1910||Australian rules footballer||Emigrated to Australia||Born in France|
|Jenny Lamy||1949||Sprinter||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Charles La Trobe||1801||First Lieutenant-Governor of Victoria||Served in Australia 1839–1854||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Dorian Le Gallienne||1915||Composer||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|David Le Sage||1979||Writer and anti-war activist||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Heath L'Estrange||1985||Rugby footballer||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|Christian Manon||1950||Actor||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
|Sophie Masson||1959||Writer||Lives in Australia||French ancestry|
|Jacques Miller||1931||Scientist||Lives in Australia||French ancestry|
|William Piguenit||1836||Landscape artist||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Lloyd Rees||1895||Landscape painter||Born in Australia||Franco-Mauritian ancestry|
|John Ribot||1955||Rugby footballer||Born in Australia||French ancestry|
|David Rivett||1885||Scientist||Born in Australia||French Huguenot ancestry|
|Anthelme Thozet||1826||Botanist||Emigrated to Australia||Born in France|
|Julia Zemiro||1967||Television presenter and comedian||Lives in Australia||Born in France|
- "French Australians". Australian Government – Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "2006 Census of Population and Housing: Australia: Ancestry (full classification list) by sex". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (XLS) on 10 March 2008. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex – Australia" (XLS). 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 May 2008.
- "2914.0.55.002 2006 Census Ethnic Media Package" (XLS). Census Dictionary, 2006 (cat.no 2901.0). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- C. Moe, Hardly a soft landing: the first Australian foundation of the De La Salle Brothers - Armidale 1906, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 28 (2007), 67-73.
- N.A. Dennis, Pioneer Marist Brothers in Sydney, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 19 (1998), 65-73.
- A.P. Jeffcott, The coming of the Marist Fathers to Australia and the history of Villa Maria, Sydney, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 3 (2) (1970), 13-28.
- J. Franklin, Catholic missions to Aboriginal Australia: An evaluation of their overall effect, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 37 (1) (2016), 45-68.
- B. Sherry, Hunters Hill, Dictionary of Sydney, 2008.
- Bouvet, Eric (August 2007). "French migration to Australia in the post WWII period: Benevolent tolerance and cautious collaboration" (PDF). Flinders University Languages Group Online Review. Flinders University. 3 (2). ISSN 1446-9219. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
- "En collaboration avec l'Alliance Française". Brisbane French Festival.
- "Alliance Francaise French Film Festival 2016 in Australia". affrenchfilmfestival.org. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- The Huguenot Society of Australia. "Welcome to The Huguenot Society of Australia Website". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Guide for all French products and services like French travel & restaurants". French Australia. Archived from the original on 31 March 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- French Embassy
- France in Australia
- French Benevolent Society
- Huguenot Society of Australia
- Alliance Française (Brisbane Branch)
- French Schools in Australia
- French Australia Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- French Association of the North Shore (Sydney)
- Eglise Réformée de France
- French Connection: Early French Explorers of Tasmania
- Tasmania's Historic French Gardens
- Tassie's French Connection
- France in Tasmania
- Napoleon Bonaparte: Notable Australian Connections
- How Very French
- History of the Huguenots
- French culture in Australia
- Barko, Ivan (2008). "French". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 4 October 2015. (French in Sydney)