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National freeway 1 (Chinese: 國道1號; pinyin: Guódào Yīháo), also known as Sun Yat-sen Freeway (Chinese: 中山高速公路; pinyin: Zhōngshān gāosù gōnglù), is a freeway in Taiwan, the first freeway built in Taiwan. It begins in Keelung at the intersection of Xiao 2nd Road and Zhong 4th Road and ends in Kaohsiung at the intersection of Zhongshan 4th Road and Yugang Road, giving it a total length of 374.3 kilometres (232.6 mi). The Republic of China government named the freeway Sun Yat-sen Freeway in honor of Sun Yat-sen, the country's founding father.

TWHW1.svg

National freeway 1
Sun Yat-sen Freeway
Route information
Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau
Length374.3 km[1] (232.6 mi)
Existed31 October 1978–present
Major junctions
North end Prov 2 in Ren'ai
 
South end Prov 17 in Cianjhen
Location
Major citiesKeelung, Taipei, New Taipei, Taoyuan, Zhubei, Hsinchu, Taichung, Changhua, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung
Highway system
Highway system in Taiwan
Nat 10Nat 2
National freeway 1
Traditional Chinese國道1號
Simplified Chinese国道1号
Sun Yat-sen Freeway
Chinese中山高速公路

The construction began in 1971. The north section between Keelung and Zhongli (now Zhongli District, Taoyuan) was completed in 1974, and the entire highway was opened in 1978. A 20.7-kilometre (12.9 mi) viaduct on top of the freeway between Xizhi and Wugu was completed in 1997 in order to expand the capacity of the road.

National freeway 1 is the route in toll by distance of vehicle traveled with Etag system, and the term "freeway" mean "free of signal", not free from charge

Contents

LanesEdit

The lanes in both directions are listed below.

  • 4 Lanes:
    • Keelung terminus – Exit 23 (Yuanshan)
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Xizhi terminus – Exit 26 (Huanbei)
  • 6 Lanes:
    • Exit 23 (Yuanshan) – Exit 25 (Taipei)
    • Exit 52 (Airport System) – Exit 192 (Changhua System)
    • Exit 198 (Changhua) – Exit 356 (Nanzih) (special measures adopted in partial sections)
    • Exit 367 (Kaohsiung) – Kaohsiung terminus
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Exit 26 (Huanbei) – Wugu terminus
  • 8 Lanes:
    • Exit 25 (Taipei) – Exit 52 (Airport System)
    • Exit 192 (Changhua System) – Exit 198 (Changhua)
    • Exit 356 (Nanzih) – Exit 362 (Dingjin System)
  • 10 Lanes:
    • Exit 362 (Dingjin System) – Exit 367 (Kaohsiung)

Exit listEdit

CountyLocationkm[1][2]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
Keelung CityRen'ai0.00.0  Prov 2 (Chenggong Second Road)
Qidu1.10.681Keelung  To Prov 5 – Badu, Jinshan
2.61.62Badu   Prov 2D / Prov 62 – Ruifang, NuannuanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
5.03.15Dahua System  Prov 62 – Wanli, RuibinNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
6.84.26WuduWudu
New Taipei CityXizhi10.56.510Xizhi   Prov 5B to Prov 5A – Xizhi
11.57.111Xizhi System   Nat 3 to Nat 5 – Wanli, MuzhaSigned as exit 10 southbound
12.88.012Xizhi Terminus  Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Wugu, TidingNorthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system); southbound entrance to viaduct
Taipei CityNeihu15.29.415DonghuKangning RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
16.610.316ANeihuNanjing East RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
16.810.416BChenggong RoadSigned as exit 16 northbound
Zhongshan22.914.223AYuanshanBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
23.214.423BJianguo North Road / Songjiang RoadSigned as exit 23 southbound
Datong25.115.625Taipei  Prov 2B (Chongcing North Road) – Downtown Taipei, ShilinSigned as exits 25A (north) and 25B (south) southbound
Tamsui River25.9–
26.3
16.1–
16.3
Tamsui River Bridge [zh]
New Taipei CitySanchong27.116.827Sanchong   Cty 103 (Sanhe Road) / Cty 104 south (Chongyang Road) – Sanchong
Wugu32.920.432Wugu Transfer  Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, TidingNorthbound transfer onto viaduct
33.120.633Wugu    Prov 64 / Prov 65 south / Cty 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, Wugu
Taishan35.822.235Taishan Transfer  Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, HukouSouthbound transfer onto viaduct
New Taipei CityTaoyuan City borderLinkouGuishan border40.925.441ALinkou  Cty 105 (Wenhua First Road) – Linkou, Guishan
42.326.341BLinkou, Guishan
Taoyuan CityLuzhu49.130.549Taoyuan  Prov 4 – Taoyuan District, Nankan
Taoyuan District52.732.752Airport System    Nat 2 to Nat 3 – Taoyuan District, Dayuan, Taoyuan Airport
Zhongli55.234.3Zhongli Service Area
57.035.457Neili  Cty 110A (Zhongyuan Road) – Dayuan, ZhongliSigned as exits 57A (north) and 57B (south) northbound
59Zhongli TransferWugu–Yangmei Elevated Road
  north – Taoyuan Airport, Wugu
  south – Hukou
Northbound and southbound transfer onto viaduct
ZhongliPingzhen district line62.438.862Zhongli  Cty 114 (Minzu Road) – Zhongli, Pingzhen, Xinwu
Pingzhen65.040.465Pingzhen System  Prov 66 – Daxi, Guanyin
Yangmei67.341.867YoushiYouth Industrial Park
69.243.069Yangmei  Prov 1 (Zhongshan North Road) – Puxin, Yangmei
71.0Yangmei Terminus  Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, WuguSouthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system), northbound entrance to viaduct
HsinchuHukou83.852.183HukouHukou, Xinfeng, Hsinchu Industrial Park
85.9–
87.1
53.4–
54.1
Hukou Service Area
Zhubei91.056.591Zhubei  Guangming Sixth Road to CR 120 – Qionglin, Zhubei
Hsinchu CityEast District94.258.595AHsinchuGongdao Fifth Road
95.059.0   Cty 117 / Cty 122 (Guangfu Road) – Zhudong, Hsinchu
96.159.795BXinan Road – Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu CityHsinchu County borderEast DistrictBaoshan border96.760.1Yuanqu Second Road
HsinchuBaoshan99.461.899Hsinchu System  Nat 3 – Zhunan, Taichung, Zhudong, TaipeiSigned as exits 99A (south) and 99B (north)
Hsinchu City
No major junctions
MiaoliToufen110.468.6110Toufen    Prov 1 / Cty 124A east to Cty 124 – Sanwan, Toufen
Touwu126.078.3126Touwu  Prov 13 – Zaoqiao, Touwu
Gongguan132.882.5132Miaoli  Prov 6 – Gongguan, Miaoli
Tongluo140.187.1140Tongluo  Prov 13 – Miaoli, Sanyi
Sanyi150.293.3150Sanyi  Prov 13 – Sanyi
Taichung CityHouli158.4–
159.2
98.4–
98.9
Tai'an Service Area
160.699.8160Houli  Cty 132 (Jiahou Road) – Houli, Waipu
Shengang165.5102.8165Taichung System   Nat 4 to Nat 3 – Fengyuan, Qingshui
168.1104.5168Fengyuan  Prov 10 – Fengyuan, Shengang
Xitun174.2108.2174Daya  To Prov 1B (Zhongqing Road) – Taichung, Daya
178.6111.0178Taichung  Prov 12 (Taiwan Boulevard) – Taichung, Shalu
Nantun181.4112.7181Nantun  Cty 136 (Wuquan West Road) – Taichung, Longjing
Dadu189.4117.7189Wangtian  Prov 1 – Wuri, Dadu
ChanghuaChanghua192.8119.8192Changhua System  Nat 3 – Nantou, Dajia
198.4123.3198Changhua  Prov 19 – Changhua, Lukang
DacunPuyan township line207.7129.1207Puyan System  Prov 76 – Yuanlin, Caotun, Fuxing, Puyan
Xihu211.0131.1211Yuanlin  Cty 148 – Puxin, Yuanlin, Xihu
Pitou220.1136.8220Beidou  Cty 150 – Beidou, Pitou
YunlinXiluo229.6–
230.6
142.7–
143.3
Xiluo Service Area
230.5143.2230Xiluo  Prov 1 – Citong, Xiluo
Huwei235.7146.5236Huwei  Cty 145B – Douliu, Huwei
Dounan240.6149.5240Dounan  Cty 158 (Daye Road) – Dounan, Huwei
Dapi243.8151.5243Yunlin System  Prov 78 – Gukeng, Tuku
ChiayiDalin250.3155.5250Dalin  Cty 162 – Dalin, Xikou
Minxiong257.2159.8257Minxiong  Minxin Road to CR 164 – Minxiong, Xingang
Chiayi CityWest District264.3164.2264Chiayi  Cty 159 – Chiayi, Xingang, Beigang
ChiayiShuishang271.0168.4270Shuishang  Cty 168 – Shuishang, Puzi
272.9169.6272Chiayi System   Prov 82 to Nat 3 – Shuishang, Lucao
Tainan CityHoubi284.4–
285.1
176.7–
177.2
Xinying Service Area
Xinying288.4179.2288Xinying  Cty 172 – Xinying, Yanshui
Xiaying300.2186.5299Xiaying System  Prov 84 east – Yujing
Madou303.7188.7303Madou  Cty 176 – Madou, Jiali
Anding311.1193.3311Anding  To Cty 178 – Shanhua, Anding
Sinshih315.5196.0315Tainan System   Nat 8 to Nat 3 – Xinhua, Tainan
Yongkang319.6198.6319Yongkang  Prov 1 (Zhongzheng North Road) – Yongkang, Tainan
324.4201.6324Dawan  Cty 180 (Xiaodong Road, Fuxing Road, Dawan Road) – Yongkang, TainanSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Rende327.4203.4327Tainan  Cty 182 (Zhongshan Road) – Rende, Tainan
330.7205.5330Rende System  Prov 86 – Guanmiao, Tainan
335.6–
336.5
208.5–
209.1
Rende Service Area
Kaohsiung CityLujhu338.3210.2338Luzhu  Prov 28 – Alian, Lujhu
342.0212.5342Kaohsiung ScienceKaohsiung Science Park
Yanchao349.4217.1349Gangshan  Cty 186 – Yanchao, Gangshan
Nanzih356.2221.3356Nanzih  Prov 22 (Qinan Road) – Dashe, Nanzih
356.9221.8Xingnan Road
NanzihRenwu district line358.0222.5  Cty 183 – Nanzih, Renwu
Renwu362.4225.2362Dingjin System   Nat 10 to Nat 3 – Cishan, Zuoying
Sanmin367.5228.4367AKaohsiung  Prov 1 (Jiouru First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Lingya368.3228.9  Prov 1E (Jianguo First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
368.7229.1367BZhongzheng First Road
369.0229.3367CSanduo First RoadNorthbound exit only
Fengshan369.6229.7369Ruilong RoadRuilong RoadSouthbound exit only
370.4230.2370Wujia System  Prov 88 east – Pingtung CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
371.8231.0372Wujia  Sanshang Street to CR 183 (Wujia Second Road) – FengshanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Cianjhen372.8231.6  Prov 17 (Zhongshan 4th Road)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Xizhi–Wugu Elevated RoadEdit

CountyLocationkm[1]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityXizhi12.88.0  Nat 1 north
Taipei CityNeihu18.811.718TidingTiding Boulevard
Songshan20.712.920XiatayouBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit only
Datong26.116.226HuanbeiHuanhe North RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.932Wugu Transfer  Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, YangmeiSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.119.933Wugu    Prov 64 / Prov 65 south / Cty 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, WuguSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.920.4  Nat 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Wugu–Yangmei Elevated RoadEdit

CountyLocationkmmiExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.9  Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, Tiding
Taishan35.822.235Taishan Transfer  Nat 1 northNorthbound transfer to ground
TaoyuanTaoyuan District52.732.752Airport System   Nat 2 west – Dayuan, Taoyuan AirportNo exit to eastbound
Zhongli59.737.159Zhongli Transfer  Nat 1 north – Taoyuan
  Nat 1 south – Zhongli
Northbound and southbound transfer to ground
Yangmei7144  Nat 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Freeway No. 1 – Distances of facilities (exits, service areas)". Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  2. ^ Google (February 23, 2014). "National freeway 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(南下) (3745870) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(北上) (3745869) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014.