Freedom and Democracy Party

Freedom and Democracy Party (Turkish: Özgürlük ve Demokrasi Partisi, ÖZDEP) was a pro-Kurdish rights party in Turkey. The party was created in October 1992 after the People's Labor Party (HEP) was banned.[1] Four months after its formation, ÖZDEP was banned by the constitutional court of Turkey on charges of supporting self-determination and for conducting bureaucratic services in the Kurdish language.[2][3]

Freedom and Democracy Party
Turkish: Özgürlük ve Demokrasi Partisi, ÖZDEP
LeaderMevlüt İlik
FoundedOctober 19, 1992 (1992-10-19)
BannedNovember 23, 1993 (1993-11-23)
Preceded byPeople's Labor Party
Succeeded byDemocracy Party
IdeologySocial democracy
Kurdish nationalism
Political positionCentre-left

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Mert, Yener Lütfü (2008). Cumhuriyet döneminde kapatılan siyasi partiler : kapatma davaları, gerekçeleri ve sonuçları (in Turkish) (1. ed.). Ankara: İlkim. p. 68. ISBN 978-6056000607.
  2. ^ "History of kurdish political parties in Turkey". HDP Europe.
  3. ^ Halliday, Terence C.; Karpik, Lucien; Feeley, Malcolm M. (2007). Fighting for Political Freedom Comparative Studies of the Legal Complex and Political Liberalism. Oxford: Hart Pub. p. 237. ISBN 978-1847314024.