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FreeCAD is a free and open-source (under the LGPLv2+ license) general-purpose parametric 3D CAD modeler and a building information modeling (BIM) software with finite-element-method (FEM) support.[1] FreeCAD is intended for mechanical engineering product design but also expands to a wider range of uses around engineering, such as architecture or electrical engineering. Users can not only interact with this software; because of the free and open-source nature of the software, users can also extend the functionality of the software using the Python programming language. FreeCAD is currently in a beta stage of development.

FreeCAD
FreeCAD016-logo.svg
FreeCAD Screen of Version 0.14
FreeCAD Screen of Version 0.14
Original author(s)Jürgen Riegel, Werner Mayer, Yorik van Havre
Initial release29 October 2002; 17 years ago (2002-10-29)
Stable release
0.18.3 / 17 July 2019; 3 months ago (2019-07-17)
Preview release
0.19_pre / 26 March 2019; 7 months ago (2019-03-26)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC++, Python
Operating systemGNU/Linux
macOS
Unix
Windows
Type3D Modeling, CAD, BIM, FEM
LicenseLGPLv2+
Websitefreecadweb.org
Interior of 3D house
Arduino board imported from Eagle PCB software

FeaturesEdit

GeneralEdit

FreeCAD features tools similar to CATIA, Creo, SolidWorks, Solid Edge, NX, Inventor, Revit, and therefore also falls into the category of Building Info Modeling (BIM), Mechanical computer-aided design (MCAD), PLM, CAx and CAE. It is intended to be a feature-based parametric modeler with a modular software architecture, which makes it easy to provide additional functionality without modifying the core system.

As with many modern 3D CAD modelers, it will have a 2D component to facilitate 3D-to-2D drawing conversion. Under its current state, direct 2D drawing (like AutoCAD LT) is not the focus for this software, neither are animation or 3D model manipulation (like Blender, Maya, or Cinema 4D). However, the modular nature of FreeCAD will allow the user to adapt its workflow for such environments.

FreeCAD uses open-source libraries from the field of computing science; among them are Open CASCADE (a CAD kernel), Coin3D (an incarnation of Open Inventor), the Qt GUI framework, and Python, a popular scripting language. FreeCAD itself can also be used as a library by other programs.[2]

There are moves to expand FreeCAD in the architecture, electrical, and construction (AEC) engineering sectors and to add building information modeling (BIM) functionality with the Arch Module.[3]

Supported file formatsEdit

Freecad's own main file format is FreeCAD Standard file format (.FCStd).[4] It is a standard zip file that holds files in a certain structure.[4] Document.xml file has all geometric and parametric objects definitions.[4] GuiDocument.xml then has visual representation details of objects.[4] Other files include brep-files for objects and thumbnail of drawing.[4]

Besides FreeCAD's own file format, files can be exported and imported in the following file formats: DXF, SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics), STEP, IGES, STL (STereoLithography), OBJ (Wavefront), DAE (Collada), SCAD (OpenSCAD), IV (Inventor) and IFC.[5]

DWG supportEdit

FreeCAD's support for the important DWG file format has been problematic due to software license compatibility problems with the GNU LibreDWG library. The GNU LibreDWG library started as a real free alternative to the source-available OpenDWG library (the later Teigha Converter) and is licensed under the GPLv3. As FreeCAD (and also LibreCAD) has dependencies on Open Cascade, which prior to version 6.7.0 was only compatible with GPLv2,[6] it couldn't use the GNU LibreDWG library as GPLv2 and GPLv3 are essentially incompatible.[7][8] Open CASCADE technologies were contacted by Debian team in 2009, and 2012 got a reply that Open CASCADE technologies was considering dual-licensing OCCT (the library), however they postponed that move. A request also went to the FSF to relicense GNU LibreDWG as GPLv2 or LGPLv3, which was rejected.[9]

As of the 2014 the 0.14 release of FreeCAD, including the new LGPL release of Open Cascade, the BSD-licensed version of Coin3D, and the removal of PyQT, FreeCAD is now completely GPL-free.[10] However, LibreDWG has not been adopted. FreeCAD is able to import and export a limited subset[11] of the DWG format via the Teigha Converter (the former OpenDWG library).

Release historyEdit

Version Release date Information
Old version, no longer supported: 0.0.1 October 29, 2002 Initial release
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 January 27, 2003
Old version, no longer supported: 0.2 August 9, 2005
Old version, no longer supported: 0.3 October 31, 2005
Old version, no longer supported: 0.4 January 15, 2006
Old version, no longer supported: 0.5 October 5, 2006
Old version, no longer supported: 0.6 February 27, 2007
Old version, no longer supported: 0.7 April 24, 2009
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8 July 10, 2009
Old version, no longer supported: 0.9 January 16, 2010
Old version, no longer supported: 0.10 July 24, 2010
Old version, no longer supported: 0.11 May 3, 2011 [12]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.12 November 20, 2011 [13]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.13 January 29, 2013 [14]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.14 July 1, 2014 License changed to LGPLv2+[15]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.15 April 8, 2015 Oculus Rift support[16]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.16 April 18, 2016 [17]
Old version, no longer supported: 0.17 April 6, 2018 [18]
Current stable version: 0.18 March 12, 2019 [19]
Future release: 0.19 Current Developer Release
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Hawk (2018-06-22). "FreeCAD FEM Workbench (Calculix 2.14)". Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  2. ^ Okoi, Martins (December 1, 2017). "FreeCAD – A 3D Modeling and Design Software for Linux". FOSSMint. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  3. ^ "Arch Module". FreeCAD wiki. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e "File Format FCStd - FreeCAD Documentation". freecadweb.org. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  5. ^ "Feature list". FreeCAD wiki. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  6. ^ Larabel, Michael (2013-01-24). "FSF Wastes Away Another "High Priority" Project". Phoronix. Archived from the original on 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
  7. ^ Prokoudine, Alexandre (26 January 2012). "What's up with DWG adoption in free software?". libregraphicsworld.org. Archived from the original on 2016-11-09. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  8. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about the GNU Licenses – Is GPLv3 compatible with GPLv2?". The official site. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  9. ^ Prokoudine, Alexandre (2012-12-27). "LibreDWG drama: the end or the new beginning?". libregraphicsworld.org. Archived from the original on 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  10. ^ "license". freecadweb.org. 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  11. ^ Release notes 0.14"The import and export of dwg files has therefore the same limitations as the dxf format."
  12. ^ "Release notes 0.11". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Release notes 0.12". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Release notes 0.13". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Release notes 0.14". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Release notes 0.15". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Release notes 0.16". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Release notes 0.17". Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Release notes 0.18". Retrieved 15 March 2019.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit