Walter Kitchener

  (Redirected from Frederick Walter Kitchener)

Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Walter Kitchener KCB (26 May 1858 – 6 March 1912), also known as Walter Kitchener, was a British soldier and colonial administrator.


Frederick Walter Kitchener
WalterKitchener.png
Born26 May 1858
Died6 March 1912 (1912-03-07) (aged 53)
Hamilton, Bermuda
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1876–1912
RankLieutenant-General
Battles/wars
AwardsOrder of the Bath
RelationsHerbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener (brother)
Henry Kitchener, 2nd Earl Kitchener (brother)
Other workGovernor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda (1908–1912)

Military careerEdit

Kitchener was the youngest son of Henry Horatio Kitchener (1805–1894) and his wife Frances Anne Chevallier (1826–1864).[1] In 1876 he followed his older brother Herbert Kitchener in taking up a career in the British Army. Initially commissioned an unattached Sub-Lieutenant, he joined the 14th Foot (later the West Yorkshire Regiment) in 1877. He served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War as a transport officer to the Kabul Field Force and took part in the first Battle of Charasiah and the battle of Karez Meer. Kitchener also saw action in the Chardeh Valley.[2] He was promoted to captain on 11 November 1882, to major on 7 March 1892, and to lieutenant-colonel on 18 November 1896.[3]

He later served in Egypt during the Mahdist War where his brother Lord Kitchener was commanding British forces. During the war Frederick was made director of Transport during the 1898 Nile expedition and advance on Khartoum. He was appointed commander of the Kordofan force and took part in the Battle of Omdurman which resulted in the recapture of Khartoum which had been captured by Mahdist's during the Siege of Khartoum in 1885. He was appointed Khartoum's Military governor after it came under Anglo-Egyptian control.[2]

In 1899 Kitchener was appointed to the staff of Sir Redvers Buller in South Africa and took part in attempts to relieve Ladysmith during the Second Boer War. He was expected to be given an important post in South Africa but was passed over by his brother because Lord Kitchener (Commander-in-Chief of the troops in South Africa) did not want to be accused of favouritism.[4] During the latter part of the war he commanded troops in Western Transvaal, and following the announcement of peace on 31 May 1902, he supervised the surrender of arms in that area.[5] He left Cape Town on board the SS Dunvegan Castle in late June 1902,[6] and arrived at Southampton the next month. For his service in South Africa he was awarded the Queen's South Africa Medal with five clasps and the King's South Africa Medal with two clasps, and was created a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the October 1902 South Africa Honours list.[7]

In late 1902 he was posted to British India, where on 14 November 1902 he took up the command of the Lahore Division (Mecan Meer District).[8]

He was appointed Governor and military Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda, a strategic Imperial fortress colony (now described as a British Overseas Territory) in the North Atlantic Ocean with a disproportionately large garrison, effective 31 October 1908 (with Lieutenant Octavius Henry Lothian Nicholson, D.S.O., The Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), as his Aide-de-Campe),[9][10] serving until his death in Hamilton following complications from an operation for appendicitis.[10] He was buried at Prospect Camp.

FamilyEdit

Kitchener married Caroline Louisa Fenton, daughter of Major Charles Hamilton Fenton, on 27 November 1884 and had five children, including Major Henry Hamilton "Hal" Kitchener, a First World War aviator who returned to Bermuda after the war and ran an aviation company on Hinson's Island, previously part of the Prisoner-of-War camp from which Fritz Joubert Duquesne, his uncle's alleged assassin, had escaped during the Second Boer War.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Genealogy of Frederick Walter Kitchener". geneall.net. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
  2. ^ a b "Gov. Gen. Kitchener dead". The New York Times. 8 March 1912. Retrieved 15 December 2007.
  3. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  4. ^ "Walter Kitchener at disadvantage". The Sheboygan Press. 5 November 1909. p. 2.
  5. ^ "Latest arrangements - The peace, military arrangements". The Times. No. 36785. London. 4 June 1902. p. 7.
  6. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times. No. 36804. London. 26 June 1902. p. 10.
  7. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6897.
  8. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times. No. 36916. London. 4 November 1902. p. 10.
  9. ^ HART'S ANNUAL ARMY LIST, SPECIAL RESERVE LIST, AND TERRITORIAL FORCE LIST, FOR 1912,(BEING THE SEVENTY-THIRD ANNUAL VOLUME). London: JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, LONDON. 1912. p. 116.
  10. ^ a b "Brother of Kitchener passes in Bermuda". The Atlanta Constitution. 8 March 1912. p. 29.
Government offices
Preceded by Governor of Bermuda
1908–1912
Succeeded by