Frederick Ferdinand Low (June 30, 1828 – July 21, 1894) was an American politician and diplomat who served as the 9th Governor of California and a member of the United States House of Representatives.
Frederick Ferdinand Low
|United States Minister to China|
September 28, 1869 – July 24, 1873
|President||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Preceded by||John Ross Browne|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Avery|
|9th Governor of California|
December 10, 1863 – December 5, 1867
|Lieutenant||Tim N. Machin|
|Preceded by||Leland Stanford|
|Succeeded by||Henry Huntly Haight|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's at-large district
June 3, 1862 – March 3, 1863
|Preceded by||Seat created|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Bowles Shannon|
|Born||June 30, 1828|
|Died||July 21, 1894 (aged 66)|
San Francisco, California
|Political party||Republican Unionist|
Early life and educationEdit
Low presented credentials as a Republican Member-elect to the 37th Congress but was not permitted to take his seat until a special act of Congress was passed. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from June 3, 1862 to March 3, 1863.
Low was appointed in 1863 as collector of the Port of San Francisco prior to becoming governor of California from December 10, 1863 to December 5, 1867. He was the second California governor to live in the Stanford Mansion as the official residence and office until the opening of the California State Capitol in 1869. Low was California's last Civil War governor. Hallmarks of his administration were the establishment of Yosemite National Park and University of California. Low was considered the father of the University of California, though his successor, Henry H. Haight, signed the Charter of the University.
Low served as United States Minister to China from 1869 to 1874.
- United States Congress. "Frederick Low (id: L000469)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for Governor of California
George Congdon Gorham
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's at-large congressional district
June 3, 1862–March 3, 1863
Thomas B. Shannon
| Governor of California
December 10, 1863 – December 8, 1871
Henry H. Haight