Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck

Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (German: Friedrich Ludwig Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck; 6 April 1653 – 7 March 1728) was a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and field marshal of the Prussian Army. He was the son of August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Countess Marie Sibylle of Nassau-Saarbrücken.

Frederick Louis
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
WP Friedrich Ludwig (Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck).jpg
Born(1653-04-06)6 April 1653
Haus Beck, near Ulenburg, Westphalia, Brandenburg
Died7 March 1728(1728-03-07) (aged 74)
Königsberg, Prussia
SpouseLouise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Names
Frederick Louis
HouseSchleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
FatherAugust Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
MotherCountess Marie Sibylle of Nassau-Saarbrücken

LifeEdit

Frederick Louis was born in Haus Beck (now part of Löhne), near Ulenburg, Duchy of Westphalia, Margraviate of Brandenburg. He was only the titular duke, because he did not inherit the domain of Beck. It had been inherited by Duke Frederick William I, the son of his elder brother, Duke August, in 1689.[1] Duke Frederick William I was killed in the Battle of Francavilla in Sicily in 1719, leaving a widow, née Marie Antoine called Antoinette Josepha Isnardi di Castello, Contessa di Sanfré (1692–1762), and two minor daughters.[1] Maria Antonia shared administration of Beck with her mother-in-law, Duchess Hedwig Louisa of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (née Countess of Lippe-Buckeburg-Schaumburg).[1]

In 1671 Frederick Louis became a cornet in the cavalry regiment von Eller in the army of Brandenburg-Prussia.[2] In 1675 he participated in the Battle of Fehrbellin as a Rittmeister. The following year he was a colonel in the Holstein dragoons. Frederick Louis was named lieutenant general and Governor of Wesel in 1690. Three years later he was appointed commanding general of the Duchy of Prussia.

On 17 January 1701 Frederick Louis received the Order of the Black Eagle from the new King Frederick I of Prussia and shortly afterward was named Statthalter of the Kingdom of Prussia and Governor of Königsberg.[3] During the War of the Spanish Succession, he participated in the Battle of Oudenarde in 1708, the Battle of Malplaquet in 1709, and the sieges of Lille, Mons, and Tournai.[3] Frederick Louis was promoted to field marshal in 1713.[2] The duke also secured neutrality for Prussia during much of the Great Northern War.[2] He died in Königsberg and was buried alongside his wife in Königsberg Cathedral.[3]

Marriage and issueEdit

On 1 January 1685 in Augustenburg, Frederick Louis married Louise Charlotte of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, daughter of Ernest Günther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg and Augusta of Glücksburg. They had several children:

Frederick Louis was succeeded as duke by his eldest son, Frederick William II (1687–1749) (whose only son, Duke Frederick William III, died in the Battle of Prague in 1757), and eventually by his younger sons, Charles Louis (1690–1774), and Peter August (1697–1775).[1]

In 1732, Frederick William II would purchase Beck from Maria Antonia, re-uniting the ducal title and ducal lands. But the latter only remained in the family until sold again in 1745.[1]

AncestryEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Huberty
  2. ^ a b c Albinus, p. 131
  3. ^ a b c ADB
  • Albinus, Robert (1985). Lexikon der Stadt Königsberg Pr. und Umgebung (in German). Leer: Verlag Gerhard Rautenberg. p. 371. ISBN 3-7921-0320-6.
  • Th. Hirsch (1878), "Friedrich Ludwig, Herzog von Schleswig-Holstein-Beck", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), vol. 8, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 284
  • Huberty, Michel; Alain Giraud; F. and B. Magdelaine (1994). L'Allemagne Dynastique Tome VII Oldenbourg (in French). France. pp. 79, 97, 118, 141. ISBN 2-901138-07-1.
Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
Born: 7 April 1653 Died: 7 March 1728
Preceded by Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
1719-1728
Succeeded by