Frederick Ferdinand Low
|United States Minister to China|
September 28, 1869 – July 24, 1873
|President||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Preceded by||John Ross Browne|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Avery|
|9th Governor of California|
December 10, 1863 – December 5, 1867
|Lieutenant||Tim N. Machin|
|Preceded by||Leland Stanford|
|Succeeded by||Henry Huntly Haight|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from California's at-large district
June 3, 1862 – March 3, 1863
|Preceded by||Seat created|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Bowles Shannon|
|Born||June 30, 1828|
|Died||July 21, 1894 (aged 66)|
San Francisco, California
|Political party||Republican Unionist|
Born in Frankfort (now Winterport, Maine) in 1828, Low attended the Hampden Academy in Hampden, Maine. Low moved to California, entering the shipping business in San Francisco in 1849. Low became a banker in Marysville, California from 1854 from 1861.
Low presented credentials as a Republican Member-elect to the 37th Congress but was not permitted to take his seat until a special act of Congress was passed. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from June 3, 1862 to March 3, 1863.
Low was appointed in 1863 as collector of the Port of San Francisco prior to becoming governor of California from December 10, 1863 to December 5, 1867. He was the second California governor to live in the Stanford Mansion as the official residence and office until the opening of the California State Capitol in 1869. Low was California's last Civil War governor. Hallmarks of his administration were the establishment of Yosemite National Park and University of California. Low was considered, father of the University of California, however, his successor, Henry H. Haight signed March 23, 1868, the Charter of the University.
- United States Congress. "Frederick Low (id: L000469)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's at-large congressional district
June 3, 1862–March 3, 1863
Thomas B. Shannon
| Governor of California
December 10, 1863 – December 8, 1871
Henry H. Haight