Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Frederick Augustus II (16 November 1852 in Oldenburg – 24 February 1931 in Rastede) was the last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, daughter of Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau and Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. After her death, he married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
|Frederick Augustus II|
|Grand Duke of Oldenburg|
|Reign||13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918|
|Born||16 November 1852|
Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Imperial Confederate of Germany (later Empire of Germany
|Died||24 February 1931 (aged 78)|
Rastede Palace, Rastede, Free State of Oldenburg, Weimar Republic
Ducal (Herzogliches) Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof, Oldenburg
(m. 1878; died 1895)
|House||House of Holstein-Gottorp|
|Father||Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg|
|Mother||Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg|
Marriages and issueEdit
On 18 February 1878, Frederick Augustus married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, a daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. It was a double wedding, in which Princess Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Prussia) married Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen on the same day as Elisabeth Anna in Berlin. The marriages were the first such occasions performed since Prussia had become the German Empire in 1870. Due to this increased status, the weddings were attended by many important personages, including King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Marie Henriette. The Prince of Wales also attended, as one of the brides (Charlotte) was his niece.
Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth Anna had two children:
|Duchess Sophia Charlotte||2 February 1879||29 March 1964||married Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia, a younger son of Wilhelm II of Germany.|
|Duchess Margaret||13 October 1881||20 February 1882||died in infancy.|
Elisabeth died on 28 August 1895, before he succeeded as Grand Duke. Before her death, her husband had been building a new residential palace; once she died, Frederick named the new building the Elisabeth-Anna-Palais in her honor.
On 24 October 1896, Frederick Augustus married Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg. He succeeded as Grand Duke of Oldenburg in 1900.
Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth had five children:
|Nicolas Frederick William, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg||10 August 1897||3 April 1970||married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont.|
|Duke Frederick Augustus||25 March 1900||26 March 1900||twin with Alexandrine, died in infancy.|
|Duchess Alexandrine||25 March 1900||26 March 1900||twin with Frederick Augustus, died in infancy.|
|Duchess Ingeborg Alix||20 July 1901||10 January 1996||married Prince Stephan Alexander of Schaumburg-Lippe, a younger son of Georg, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe.|
|Duchess Altburg Marie Mathilde Olga||19 May 1903||16 June 2001||married Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.|
Frederick was forced to abdicate his throne at the end of World War I, when the former Grand Duchy of the German Empire joined the post-war German Republic. He and his family took up residence at Rastede Castle, where he took up farming and local industrial interests. A year after his abdication, he asked the Oldenburg Diet for a yearly allowance of 150,000 marks, stating that his financial condition was "extremely precarious".
In 1931, Frederick died in Rastede.
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, 16 November 1852; Grand Prior, ca. 1853
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of Henry the Lion, 1871
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1873
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, 1874
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 18 February 1878
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (military), 25 February 1878
- Duchy of Anhalt: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 1885
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1888
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 1890
- Baden: Knight of the House Order of Fidelity, 1900
- Kingdom of Prussia: Knight of the Black Eagle
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight of the Annunciation, 16 July 1902
- United Kingdom: Honorary Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 10 June 1907
- Austria-Hungary: Grand Cross of St. Stephen, 1908
- Denmark: Knight of the Elephant, 28 April 1909
- Sweden: Knight of the Seraphim, 12 July 1912
- Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Elisabeth Anne Prinzessin von Preußen". Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Radziwill, pp. 116–17.
- Radziwill, pp. 117–18.
- Radziwill, p. 118.
- "Former Grand Duke of Oldenburg Dies", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 25 February 1931
- "Princess Elizabeth of Prussia Dead", The New York Times, Berlin, 29 August 1895
- "Duchess Elisabeth", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 5 September 1955
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: 1853. Schulze. 1853. p. 28.
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: 1854. Schulze. 1854. p. 26.
- Braunschweig, Staat (Hg.) (1905): Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für 1905. In: Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig 1905. p. 11
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1865), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 32
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 12
- Almanach royal officiel: 1879. 1879. p. 51.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1894) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 17
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Bayern (1908), "Königliche Orden" p. 7
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 16
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1910), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 40
- Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1918) p. 66
- Italy. Ministero dell'interno (1920). Calendario generale del regno d'Italia. p. 57.
- The London Gazette, issue 28030, p. 4083
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Bille-Hansen, A. C.; Holck, Harald, eds. (1912) [1st pub.:1801]. Statshaandbog for Kongeriget Danmark for Aaret 1912 [State Manual of the Kingdom of Denmark for the Year 1912] (PDF). Kongelig Dansk Hof- og Statskalender (in Danish). Copenhagen: J.H. Schultz A.-S. Universitetsbogtrykkeri. p. 5. Retrieved 16 September 2019 – via da:DIS Danmark.
- Sveriges Statskalender (in Swedish), 1915, p. 671, retrieved 20 February 2019 – via runeberg.org
- Radziwill, Catherine (1915). Memories of Forty Years. London: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
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Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of OldenburgBorn: 16 November 1852 Died: 24 February 1931
| Grand Duke of Oldenburg
13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
||— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
11 November 1918 – 24 February 1931
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918