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Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Frederick Augustus II (16 November 1852 in Oldenburg – 24 February 1931 in Rastede) was the last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, daughter of Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau and Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. After her death, he married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Frederick Augustus II
August II von Oldenburg 1902.jpg
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Reign 13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918
Predecessor Peter II
Successor Monarchy abolished
Born (1852-11-16)16 November 1852
Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Imperial Confederate of Germany (later Empire of Germany
Died 24 February 1931(1931-02-24) (aged 78)
Rastede Palace, Rastede, Free State of Oldenburg, Weimar Republic
Burial Ducal (Herzogliches) Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof, Oldenburg
Spouse Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia
(m. 1878 – 1895; her death)
Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(m. 1896 – 1931; his death)
Issue
House House of Holstein-Gottorp
Father Grand Duke Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Mother Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg
Religion Lutheranism

Contents

ReignEdit

Frederick Augustus' reign began on 13 June 1900, when his father died. His reign came to an end on 11 November 1918, shortly before the German monarchy was abolished on 28 November 1918.

Marriages and issueEdit

On 18 February 1878, Frederick Augustus married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, a daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia.[1] It was a double wedding, in which Princess Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Prussia) married Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen on the same day as Elisabeth Anna in Berlin.[2] The marriages were the first such occasions performed since Prussia had become the German Empire in 1870. Due to this increased status, the weddings were attended by many important personages, including King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Marie Henriette.[3] The Prince of Wales also attended, as one of the brides (Charlotte) was his niece.[4]

Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth Anna had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Duchess Sophia Charlotte 2 February 1879 29 March 1964 married Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia, a younger son of Wilhelm II of Germany.[5]
Duchess Margaret 13 October 1881 20 February 1882 died in infancy.

Elisabeth died on 28 August 1895, before he succeeded as Grand Duke.[6] Before her death, her husband had been building a new residential palace; once she died, Frederick named the new building the Elisabeth-Anna-Palais in her honor.

On 24 October 1896, Frederick Augustus married Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg.[1][5] He succeeded as Grand Duke of Oldenburg in 1900.

Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth had five children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Nicolas Frederick William, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg 10 August 1897 3 April 1970 married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
Duke Frederick Augustus 25 March 1900 26 March 1900 twin with Alexandrine, died in infancy.
Duchess Alexandrine 25 March 1900 26 March 1900 twin with Frederick Augustus, died in infancy.
Duchess Ingeborg Alix 20 July 1901 10 January 1996 married Prince Stephan Alexander Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, a younger son of Georg, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and had Marie Alix among others.
Duchess Altburg Marie Mathilde Olga 19 May 1903 16 June 2001 married Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.

Frederick was forced to abdicate his throne at the end of World War I, when the former Grand Duchy of the German Empire joined the post-war German Republic.[7] He and his family took up residence at Rastede Castle, where he took up farming and local industrial interests.[5] A year after his abdication, he asked the Oldenburg Diet for a yearly allowance of 150,000 marks, stating that his financial condition was "extremely precarious".[5]

In 1931, Frederick died in Rastede.[7]

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Elisabeth Anne Prinzessin von Preußen". Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Radziwill, pp. 116–17.
  3. ^ Radziwill, pp. 117–18.
  4. ^ Radziwill, p. 118.
  5. ^ a b c d "Former Grand Duke of Oldenburg Dies", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 25 February 1931 
  6. ^ "Princess Elizabeth of Prussia Dead", The New York Times, Berlin, 29 August 1895 
  7. ^ a b "Duchess Elisabeth", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 5 September 1955 

BibliographyEdit

  • Radziwill, Catherine (1915). Memories of Forty Years. London: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 
Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Born: 16 November 1852 Died: 24 February 1931
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter II
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
11 November 1918 – 24 February 1931
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Duke Nikolaus