Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg
Frederick Augustus II (16 November 1852 in Oldenburg – 24 February 1931 in Rastede) was the last ruling Grand Duke of Oldenburg. He married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, daughter of Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau and Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. After her death, he married Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
|Frederick Augustus II|
|Grand Duke of Oldenburg|
|Reign||13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918|
16 November 1852|
Oldenburg, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Imperial Confederate of Germany (later Empire of Germany
|Died||24 February 1931
Rastede Palace, Rastede, Free State of Oldenburg, Weimar Republic
|Burial||Ducal (Herzogliches) Mausoleum, Gertrudenfriedhof, Oldenburg|
|Spouse||Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia
(m. 1878 – 1895; her death)
Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(m. 1896 – 1931; his death)
|Father||Grand Duke Peter II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg|
|Mother||Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg|
Marriages and issueEdit
On 18 February 1878, Frederick Augustus married Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia, a daughter of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. It was a double wedding, in which Princess Charlotte of Prussia (daughter of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Prussia) married Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Meiningen on the same day as Elisabeth Anna in Berlin. The marriages were the first such occasions performed since Prussia had become the German Empire in 1870. Due to this increased status, the weddings were attended by many important personages, including King Leopold II of Belgium and his wife Queen Marie Henriette. The Prince of Wales also attended, as one of the brides (Charlotte) was his niece.
Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth Anna had two children:
|Duchess Sophia Charlotte||2 February 1879||29 March 1964||married Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia, a younger son of Wilhelm II of Germany.|
|Duchess Margaret||13 October 1881||20 February 1882||died in infancy.|
Elisabeth died on 28 August 1895, before he succeeded as Grand Duke. Before her death, her husband had been building a new residential palace; once she died, Frederick named the new building the Elisabeth-Anna-Palais in her honor.
On 24 October 1896, Frederick Augustus married Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a daughter of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg. He succeeded as Grand Duke of Oldenburg in 1900.
Frederick Augustus and Elisabeth had five children:
|Nicolas Frederick William, Hereditary Grand Duke of Oldenburg||10 August 1897||3 April 1970||married Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont.|
|Duke Frederick Augustus||25 March 1900||26 March 1900||twin with Alexandrine, died in infancy.|
|Duchess Alexandrine||25 March 1900||26 March 1900||twin with Frederick Augustus, died in infancy.|
|Duchess Ingeborg Alix||20 July 1901||10 January 1996||married Prince Stephan Alexander Victor of Schaumburg-Lippe, a younger son of Georg, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and had Marie Alix among others.|
|Duchess Altburg Marie Mathilde Olga||19 May 1903||16 June 2001||married Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont.|
Frederick was forced to abdicate his throne at the end of World War I, when the former Grand Duchy of the German Empire joined the post-war German Republic. He and his family took up residence at Rastede Castle, where he took up farming and local industrial interests. A year after his abdication, he asked the Oldenburg Diet for a yearly allowance of 150,000 marks, stating that his financial condition was "extremely precarious".
In 1931, Frederick died in Rastede.
- Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Elisabeth Anne Prinzessin von Preußen". Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- Radziwill, pp. 116–17.
- Radziwill, pp. 117–18.
- Radziwill, p. 118.
- "Former Grand Duke of Oldenburg Dies", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 25 February 1931
- "Princess Elizabeth of Prussia Dead", The New York Times, Berlin, 29 August 1895
- "Duchess Elisabeth", The New York Times, Oldenburg, 5 September 1955
- Radziwill, Catherine (1915). Memories of Forty Years. London: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
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Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of OldenburgBorn: 16 November 1852 Died: 24 February 1931
|Grand Duke of Oldenburg
13 June 1900 – 11 November 1918
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
||— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Oldenburg
11 November 1918 – 24 February 1931
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918