Frederick, Duke of Lower Lorraine

Frederick, Duke of Lower Lorraine, also known as Frederick of Luxembourg (c. 1003 – 18 May 1065) was the advocatus of Abbey of Stavelot-Malmedy from 1033, Duke of Lower Lorraine from 1046, advocatus of the Abbey of St Truiden from around 1060 or earlier. He was also lord of a large domain based originally in Baelen-sur-Vesdre, which in later generations was called the Duchy of Limburg, with his seat in the fortified town of Limbourg-sur-Vesdre.[1][2] He was a younger son of Frederick, Lord of Gleiberg.

Frederick, Duke of Lower Lorraine
Bornc. 1003
Died(1065-05-18)18 May 1065
Noble familyHouse of Ardenne-Luxembourg
Spouse(s)Gerberga of Boulogne
Ida of Saxony
FatherFrederick of Luxembourg

In 1044, Gothelo I, duke of both Lorraines, died and his eldest son, Godfrey, succeeded in only the upper duchy while the Emperor Henry III first threatened to give the other duchy to his younger (incompetent) brother, Gothelo II. Because of the rebellion of Godfrey, Henry III appointed Frederick, a relative of the reigning duke of Upper Lorraine, Adalbert.

With the aid of Adalbero III, Bishop of Metz, his brother, Frederick imposed his authority in the duchy and made war on the continuing rebel Godfrey. He was loyal to the emperor, but unsuccessful in the field and Henry began parcelling out portions of the duchy to more capable warriors. He died in war with Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne, after which King Henry IV gave the duchy to Godfrey.

His first wife was Gerberga (died c. 1049), daughter of Eustace I, Count of Boulogne. They had a daughter named Jutta, who married Waleran, Count of Arlon.[2] His second wife (1055) was Ida (died 1102), daughter of Bernard II, Duke of Saxony, who remarried with Albert III, Count of Namur, on Frederick's death.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean-Louis Kupper (2007) Les origines du duché de Limbourg-sur-Vesdre", Revue belge de Philologie et d'Histoire Année 85-3-4 pp. 609-637 [1]
  2. ^ a b Loud & Schenk 2017, p. xxix.

SourcesEdit

  • Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen, eds. (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. Routledge. ISBN 9781317022008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Frederick, Duke of Lower Lorraine
Born: c. 1003 Died: 18 May 1065
Preceded by
Gothelo the Great
Duke of Lower Lorraine
1046–1065
Succeeded by
Godfrey the Bearded
Preceded by
Gothelo the Lazy
Margrave of Antwerp
1046–1065