Fredensdal is a former country house now located in a suburban setting on the sloping north side of Søllerød Lake in Øverød, Rudersdal Municipality, some 20 km north of central Copenhagen, Denmark. On the lakeside below the house is a small public greenspace with a grotto built over a spring known as Suhms Kilde (Suhm's Spring).

Fredensdal
Suhms Kilde 01.jpg
Fredensdal in 2020
General information
LocationKildevej 8, Holte
CountryDenmark
Coordinates55°48′57.53″N 12°29′12.88″E / 55.8159806°N 12.4869111°E / 55.8159806; 12.4869111Coordinates: 55°48′57.53″N 12°29′12.88″E / 55.8159806°N 12.4869111°E / 55.8159806; 12.4869111
Renovated1824
CostRudersdal Municipality

The house and a detached guesthouse were both listed in the Danish registry of protected buildings and places in 1983. The garden design from the 1960s and Suhm's Spring are also included in the heritage listing.

HistoryEdit

Many of the farms and smallholdings in the village of Øverød were in the 17th and early 19th century converted into summer residences for wealthy people from Copenhagen. Fredensdal was built for a controller ( Kgl. Møntguardien) at the Royal Mint named Fabritius in 1824.[1] It was originally known as Nøjsomhed ("Frugality").[2]

GardenEdit

 
The house and balustrade seen from the lakeside

The garden was redesigned by Professor Christian Elling and his wife, the sculptor Gertrud Sadolin Elling, during their ownership in the 1960s. It includes a balustrade lined with elm trees and stone vases from the demolished Hirschholm Palace in Hørsholm.[1]

ArchitectureEdit

 
The guesthouse

Fredensdal has a thatched roof with carved bargeboards and walls with horizontal board siding painted in a pale grey colour. The plinth, corner lesenes, window frames and doors are painted in a darker grey colour. The roof features a brick chimney and a thatched dormer on each side.[1]

The guesthouse has a modestly pitched ]hip roof with black-glazed tiles and walls with overlapping board siding.

The main building and guesthouse were both listed in the Danish registry of protected buildings and places in 1983. Both buildings were modernized in 2005–06.

Suhm's SpringEdit

Suhm's Spring was historically the only source of clean drinking water for the residents of Øverød and was even used by villagers from Søllerød on the other side of the lake who did not have their own well until a public well was finally dug at a site next to the village pond in 1867.[3]

The spring takes its name after the historian Peter Frederik Suhm (1728-1798). He owned the property Suhmsminde in Øverød, where he established a fishing pond as well as an extensive fruit garden. The house was located just north of Bystævnet but was demolished in 1959.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Sag: Fredensdal" (in Danish). Kulturstyrelsen. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Byvandring i Øverød" (PDF) (in Danish). Historisk-Topografisk Selskab for Søllerødegnen. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Suhms Kilde" (in Danish). Rudersdal Museer. Retrieved 24 October 2020.

External linksEdit