Frederick Gary Dutton (June 16, 1923 – June 27, 2005) was a lawyer and Democratic Party power broker who served as campaign manager and Chief of Staff for California Governor Pat Brown, Special Assistant to U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and went on to manage Robert F. Kennedy's campaign for the Presidency.
|Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations|
December 4, 1961 – July 27, 1964
|President||John F. Kennedy|
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Preceded by||Brooks Hays|
|Succeeded by||Douglas MacArthur II|
|White House Cabinet Secretary|
January 20, 1961 – December 4, 1961
|President||John F. Kennedy|
|Preceded by||Robert Keith Gray|
Frederick Gary Dutton
June 16, 1923
Julesburg, Colorado, U.S.
|Died||June 27, 2005 (aged 82)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Education||University of California, Berkeley (BA)|
Stanford University (LLB)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Unit||Army Judge Advocate General's Corps|
|Battles/wars||Battle of the Bulge|
Between 1960 and 1972 Dutton played a role in every Democrat's quest for the White House. Dutton entertained both politicians and journalists and could be considered one of the country's original "spin doctors." He had a long career as a lobbyist for American oil companies and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, leading to him being referred to as both "Fred of Arabia" and "Dutton of Arabia."
Early life and educationEdit
Dutton was born in Julesburg, Colorado, the son of Lucy and Fredrick Dutton, known as "doc". Fred's mother, father and little brother, Edward, moved to San Mateo, California, where he attended San Mateo High School and met his first wife, June Klingborg Dutton. The Duttons had three children together between 1950 and 1960 (Christopher, Lisa, and Eve). Dutton graduated from University of California, Berkeley in 1946 and from Stanford Law School in 1949.
Dutton had two stints of military service in both World War II and the Korean war. During World War II he was a prisoner of war and received the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star. During the Korean War he served as a Judge Advocate in Japan.
Following his position as assistant counsel with Southern Counties Gas Co., from 1952 to 1956, Dutton became chief assistant attorney general of California, in 1957 and 1958. He was executive secretary to California Governor Pat Brown in 1959 and 1960.
Dutton was the deputy national chairman of Citizens for Kennedy-Johnson in 1960. Following the election, he was brought into the White House as a Special Assistant to United States President John F. Kennedy in 1961, serving as secretary of the cabinet and special assistant for intergovernmental and interdepartmental relations. He was appointed Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, from 1961 to 1964. He was also a political adviser and campaign aide to Robert F. Kennedy.
Dutton was asked to co-ordinate the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, and oversaw its Oral History Project.
Dutton travelled with Kennedy during much of his 1968 presidential campaign from his 1968 presidential election. He was at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California when the Senator was shot at the kitchen hotel, and rode in the ambulance with him at Good Samaritan Hospital. Kennedy died the next day. In an interview after he became a lobbyist, he said "After Bobby was shot, the lights went out for me." 
Legal and lobbying careerEdit
Dutton later married attorney Nancy Hogan Dutton and they had two children together (Stacy & Christina). Nancy had been his secretary when he worked at the Kennedy White House. Together the Duttons formed the Dutton and Dutton law practice; this firm went on to be appointed chief U.S. attorney for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, earning Mr. Dutton the often quoted moniker "Dutton of Arabia". Dutton & Dutton continued work for Saudi Arabia following Fred's death.
List of worksEdit
- Dutton, Frederick G. (1971). Changing sources of power: American politics in the 1970s (1st ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. xviii, 263. ISBN 0-07-018397-X. OCLC 136675. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- Dutton, Frederick G. (1972). Playboy's election guide 1972 (1st ed.). Chicago: Playboy Press. p. 192. OCLC 3794650.
- Dutton, Frederick G. (1990). King Fahd of Saudi Arabia : the man, his work, and his country. Washington, D.C.: Hannaford Co. p. 27. OCLC 24608040.
- Dutton, Frederick G.; Amelia R. Fry (1981). "Frederick G. Dutton – Democratic campaigns and controversies, 1954–1966 : an interview". Series: Goodwin Knight/Edmund Brown, Sr., era. Berkeley, Calif.: Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library: 186. OCLC 58870450.
- Dutton, Frederick G.; recorded interview by Charles T. Morrissey, May 3, 1965 (November 14, 1973, copyright assigned to US Government). "Oral History Interview" (PDF). John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program. p. 67. Retrieved December 28, 2009. Check date values in:
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- Cory, Franklin (November 30, 2006). "'Bobby' misses haunting stories". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- "Regents of the University of California Biographies". University of California History Digital Archives. Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original on March 5, 2015. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- "Former Regents" (PDF). About the Regents. Regents of the University of California. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 11, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- "Frederick G. Dutton, 1923–2005". Historical Resources: Archives, Summaries. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- Oliver, Myrna (June 27, 2005). "Dutton was tapped as coordinator of the John F. Kennedy Library, where he organized the Kennedy Oral History Project". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- "Earth Day Originsaccessdate=20 September 1969". Archived from the original on March 22, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- Bogardus, Kevin (August 1, 2007). "Republican joins opposition to Saudi arms deal". The Hill. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- "Burial Detail: Dutton, Frederick Gary (Section 32, Grave 250)". ANC Explorer. Arlington National Cemetery. (Official website).
- Emerson, Steven (1985). The American House of Saud; The Secret Petrodollar Connection. New York: Franklin Watts. pp. 450. ISBN 0-531-09778-1. Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- Emerson, Steven (January–February 1986). "The Arabians' knight : the transformation of Fred Dutton from liberal warrior to foreign agent". Common Cause. 12 (1): 34–40. OCLC 13174921.
- Stricherz, Mark (November 4, 2005). "Goodbye, Catholics: how one man reshaped the Democratic Party.(Fred Dutton)". Commonweal. Thomson Gale. 132 (19). Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- "Frederick Gary Dutton". at ArlingtonCemetery•net. (Unofficial website).