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Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann, née Meyer-Estorf (6 October 1887 – 2 February 1971) was a German soprano who focused on Lieder singing, and a voice teacher who gave master classes internationally, in collaboration with her husband. She wrote books about teaching singing which have remained standards in the field.

Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann
Born
Carolina Wilhelmine Franziska Meyer-Estorf

(1887-10-06)6 October 1887
Died2 February 1971(1971-02-02) (aged 83)
Düsseldorf, Germany
Occupation
OrganizationRobert Schumann Konservatorium
AwardsMozart Medal

LifeEdit

She was born Carolina Wilhelmine Franziska Meyer-Estorf in Bromberg in northern Poland,[1] where she received vocal training. She studied piano in Leipzig with Robert Teichmüller, graduating in 1911. The following year, she married Carl Adolf Martienssen [de], a pianist and piano teacher. She studied voice in Berlin with Johannes Messchaert, and first appeared in concert in 1914.[1]

She became known as a lieder singer in Germany and abroad.[2] Divorced in 1927, she became a teacher at the Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich. She met Paul Lohmann (1894–1981), who became her closest colleague, and they married. From 1930 to 1945, she worked at the Akademie für Kirchen- und Schulmusik in Berlin, from 1945 to 1949 at the Musikhochschule Weimar, and from 1950 at the Robert Schumann Konservatorium in Düsseldorf.[3] Together with her husband, she gave master classes in Potsdam, Salzburg, Lucerne and Scandinavia.[2]

Her books about singing and voice training have remained standard textbooks.[2] Ausbildung der Gesangsstimme (The development of the singing voice) presented guidance, rather than rules, for singing.[4] In three parts, it provides information about singing technique for beginners, a case history exemplifying points, and use of the voice in songs.[4] Der wissende Sänger – Gesangslexikon in Skizzen (The cognisant singer / Lexicon of singing in sketches)[5] first appeared in Zürich in 1956 published by Atlantis Musikbuch,[6] and was republished in 2010 by Schott.[7] As its sub-title indicates, its 312 entries are ordered alphabetically.[8] Lieder singer Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau wrote in his "Introduction" that he was "tempted to memorize whole sections of it for inspiration".[9] He expressed a wish that non-musicians would also read it in order to become more aware of the "height and depth" of the singer's experience of singing.[9] A review in English considered that the book was "very readable" with a "pleasant style",[8] and recommended it to the general reader "interested in learning more about the complexities of the 'human' instrument."[8]

Martienssen-Lohmann died in Düsseldorf aged 83.[1] Sigrid Gloede and Ruth Grünhagen wrote a biography Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann – Ein Leben für die Sänger (... a life for the singers), published in 1993.[5][10] Among her students is the tenor Hermin Esser.[11]

WorksEdit

Publications by Martienssen-Lohmann are held by the German National Library, including books about lieder singing, but also poems.[7]

  • Die echte Gesangskunst. 1914.
  • Das bewußte Singen: Grundlegung des Gesangstudiums. 1926. C. F. Kahnt, now at C. F. Peters[6]
  • Landschaft – Menschen – Ich. Gedichte. 1925. poems, with a preface by Ricarda Huch
  • Stimme und Gestaltung. 1927. C. F Kahnt, now Peters
  • Berufung und Bewährung des Opernsängers. 1943. now titled Der Opernsänger, Schott Music)
  • Ausbildung der Gesangsstimme. 1950. Rud. Erdmann Musikverlag- first in 1937 titled Ausbildung der menschlichen Stimme[6]
  • Der wissende Sänger. 1956. Atlantis Musikbuch[6]
  • Gestern und immer. Gedichte. 1966. poems, Atlantis Verlag

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Martienssen-Lohmann, Franziska" (in German). University of Munich. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Kutsch, K. J.; Riemens, Leo (2012). "Martienssen-Lohmann, Franziska". Großes Sängerlexikon (in German) (4th ed.). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 2950–2951. ISBN 978-3-59-844088-5.
  3. ^ Köhler-Lutterbeck, Ursula; Siedentopf, Monika (2000). Lexikon der 1000 Frauen (in German). Bonn. p. 230. ISBN 3-8012-0276-3.
  4. ^ a b Miller, Philip L. (December 1950). "Reviewed Work: Ausbildung der Gesangsstimme by Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann". Notes (Second Series). Music Library Association. 8 (1): 179–180. doi:10.2307/890344. JSTOR 890344.
  5. ^ a b "Literatur". lohmann-stiftung-fuer-liedgesang.de (in German). Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d "Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann / Ein Leben für die Sänger" (in German). University of Leipzig. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Works by Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann" (in German). German National Library. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  8. ^ a b c Fels, Elena (Spring 1958). "Reviewed Work: Der wissende Sänger by Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann". Books Abroad. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma. 32 (2): 170. doi:10.2307/40099036. JSTOR 40099036.
  9. ^ a b Fischer-Dieskau, Dieter; Duschak, Alice Gerstl (trans.) (February–March 1970). "DER WISSENDE SÄNGER: Introduction". American Music Teacher. 19 (4): 30. JSTOR 43533626.
  10. ^ "Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann / Ein Leben für die Sänger". lehmanns.de (in German). Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  11. ^ Kutsch, K. J.; Riemens, Leo (2012). "Esser, Hermin". Großes Sängerlexikon (in German) (4th ed.). Walter de Gruyter. p. 1360. ISBN 978-3-59-844088-5.
  12. ^ "Inschrift Deutschordenshof, Singerstraße: Franziska Martienssen-Lohmann". viennatouristguide.at (in German). 1958. Retrieved 11 June 2014.

External linksEdit