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French Cathedral, Berlin

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The French (Reformed) Church of Friedrichstadt (French: Temple de la Friedrichstadt, German: Französische Friedrichstadtkirche, and commonly known as Französischer Dom, meaning "French Cathedral") is located in Berlin at the Gendarmenmarkt, across the Konzerthaus and the German Cathedral. The earliest parts of the church date back to 1701, although it was subsequently expanded. After being heavily damaged during World War II, the church was rebuilt and continues to offer church services and concerts.

French (Reformed) Church of Friedrichstadt
Temple de la Friedrichstadt (fr)
Französische or Französisch-reformierte Friedrichstadtkirche (de)
colloquially: Französischer Dom
Catedral Francesa, Berlín, Alemania, 2016-04-22, DD 16-18 HDR.jpg
View from west onto the church proper, surmounted by the adjacent domed tower
Religion
AffiliationUnited Protestant since its reconstruction in 1981;
originally Reformed (i.e. Calvinist) and intended for the Huguenot community
DistrictCalvinist congregation: Reformed deanery of Berlin-Brandenburg
united congregation: Sprengel Berlin (region), Kirchenkreis Stadtmitte (deanery)
ProvinceEvangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia
Location
LocationFriedrichstadt, a locality of Berlin
Geographic coordinates52°30′52″N 13°23′32″E / 52.514323°N 13.392119°E / 52.514323; 13.392119Coordinates: 52°30′52″N 13°23′32″E / 52.514323°N 13.392119°E / 52.514323; 13.392119
Architecture
Architect(s)Louis Cayart and Abraham Quesnay (1701–5), Carl von Gontard (design), Georg Christian Unger (tower construction in 1780–5), Otto March (interior reshape 1905), Manfred Prasser, Roland Steiger and Uwe Karl (reconstruction 1977–81)
Completed1 March 1705, reconstruction 1981

NameEdit

The church is officially known as the "French Church of Friedrichstadt", but is commonly referred to as Französischer Dom, or "French Cathedral". Despite their names, neither of the churches on Gendarmenmarkt are cathedrals, as neither was ever seat of a bishop; instead, the name is referring to the French word "dôme" (dome/cupola), using terminology as a relic of francophone Frederick the Great, who was instrumental in enhancing Gendarmenmarkt.

HistoryEdit

Louis Cayart and Abraham Quesnay built the first parts of the French Church between 1701 and 1705 for the Huguenot (Calvinist) community. During this time, Huguenots constituted about 25 percent of the city population. The French Church was modelled after the destroyed Huguenot temple in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France.

In 1785, Carl von Gontard modified the church and built an adjacent domed tower, which eventually gave the church its name. Technically speaking, the tower is not part of the church, and both buildings have different proprietors. The tower was built to embellish the Gendarmenmarkt ensemble at the instigation of Frederick the Great. The Deutscher Dom, however, on the other side of Gendarmenmarkt, consists of church building and tower as an entity.

In 1817, the French Church community, like most Prussian Calvinist Reformed and Lutheran congregations joined the common umbrella organization "Evangelical Church in Prussia", with each congregation maintaining its former denomination or adopting the new united denomination. The community of the "French Church of Friedrichstadt" maintained its Calvinist denomination.

Nevertheless, already before the union of the Prussian Protestants the congregation underwent a certain acculturation with Lutheran traditions: in 1753, an organ was installed, competing with the Calvinist tradition of congregational singing without accompaniment.[1] The singing of psalms was extended by hymns in 1791.[2] The sober interior was refurbished in a more decorative but still Calvinist aniconistic style by Otto March in 1905.[3] The organ was played by Thomas Hawkes[who?], among others. Today's community is part of the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia.

The Französischer Dom was severely damaged during World War II and rebuilt between 1977 and 1981.[4] Today, it is used by its congregations, and for conventions of the Evangelical Church in Germany.

The public observation deck of the domed tower offers a panoramic view of the downtown area. In the basement underneath the sanctuary, a restaurant is located. The tower also contains the Berlin Huguenot museum.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sibylle Badstübner-Gröger, "Der hugenottische Kirchenbau in Berlin und Potsdam", in: Hugenotten in Berlin, Gottfried Bregulla (ed.), Berlin: Union Verlag, 1988, pp. 133-176, here p. 150. ISBN 3-372-00077-3
  2. ^ Margarete Welge, "Die Französische Kirche zu Berlin", in: Hugenotten in Berlin, Gottfried Bregulla (ed.), Berlin: Union Verlag, 1988, pp. 88-132, here p. 115. ISBN 3-372-00077-3
  3. ^ Werner Gahrig, Unterwegs zu den Hugenotten in Berlin. Historische Spaziergänge, Institut für vergleichende Staat-Kirche-Forschung (ed.), 2nd, ext., and corr. ed., Berlin: Das Neue Berlin (edition ost), 2000, p. 163. ISBN 3-360-01013-2
  4. ^ Ingrid Bartmann-Kompa, Horst Büttner, Horst Drescher, Joachim Fait, Marina Flügge, Gerda Herrmann, Ilse Schröder, Helmut Spielmann, Christa Stepansky, and Heinrich Trost, Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmale in der DDR: Hauptstadt Berlin: 2 parts, Institut für Denkmalpflege (ed.) (11983), Berlin: Henschelverlag Kunst und Gesellschaft, 21984, part I, p. 218.

External linksEdit