František Brixi

  (Redirected from Frantisek Brixi)

František Xaver Brixi (2 January 1732 – 14 October 1771) was a Czech classical composer of the 18th century. His first name is sometimes given by reference works in its Germanic form, Franz.

František Brixi
Born(1732-01-02)2 January 1732
Prague
Died14 October 1771(1771-10-14) (aged 39)
Prague
Occupation(s)Classical composer

BiographyEdit

Brixi was born in Prague,[1] the son of composer Šimon Brixi.[2] He received his musical education at the Piarist Gymnasium in Kosmonosy.[1] His teachers included Václav Kalous [cs], a significant composer himself.[2]

In 1749 Brixi left Kosmonosy and returned to Prague, where he worked as an organist at several churches.[2] In 1759 he was appointed Regens chori (choir director) and Kapellmeister of St Vitus Cathedral, thus attaining, at age 27, the highest musical position in the city;[a][1] this office he held till his early death. He wrote some 290 church works (of the most varied type), cantatas and oratorios, chamber compositions, and orchestral compositions. He was a prolific composer of music for the liturgy, and wrote more than 100 masses,[4] vespers and motets, among others. He also composed secular music such as oratorios and incidental music, concertos and symphonies.[5][6][7] His organ concertos, which have been recorded several times each, are his best-known pieces today.

Brixi died of tuberculosis in Prague in 1771, at the age of 39.[1]

StyleEdit

Brixi was an important composer at the junction between Baroque and the Classical period.[7] Brixi's style is distinguished from that of his contemporaries by its fresh melodic writing, vivacious rhythm and lively bass lines, and from that of his predecessors by its simple yet effective instrumentation. During his lifetime his music was widely disseminated in Bohemia and Moravia.[6]

InfluenceEdit

Brixi's music made Prague's people receptive for Mozart's music (where Mozart was in high esteem even during times where he was shunned elsewhere).[7]

CompositionsEdit

Brixi composed 500 works, in which sacred music dominated.[1] None of his compositions were published during Brixi's lifetime.[6]

Source:[8]

  • Missa integra in d minor
  • Missa brevis in C for soloists, choir orchestra and organ
  • Missa aulica, missa brevis in C
  • Opus patheticum de septem doloribus Beatae Mariae Virginis
  • Organ Concerto in D major
  • Organ Concerto in F major
  • Judas Iscariothes – Oratorium pro die sacro Parasceves
  • Missa solemnis in D major for soloists, choir, orchestra and organ
  • Litanie de seto Benedieto
  • Confiteor tibi Domine
  • Sinfonia in D
  • Bitevní sinfonie
  • Fuga in A minor
  • Pastoral in C major
  • Preludium In C major
  • Regina coeli

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the second half of the 18th century, the ensemble at St Vitus Cathedral consisted of nine secular choralists, nine psalm-singing priests, 32 permanent musicians and six bonifants.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Roßbach, Judith. "Komponistenportrait Franz Xaver Brixi". Erzbistum Köln (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Kirchenmusik in Benediktbeuern". Kirchenmusik in Benediktbeuern. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  3. ^ Dahmen, Hrosvith (5 March 2013). "Zur Prager-Dresdner Kirchenmusik unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Messen von František Xaver Brixi". musiconn.publish (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  4. ^ Ostermann, Karlheinz (2002). Franz Xaver Brixi / Missa brevis in C / Missa aulica (PDF). Carus. p. 4.
  5. ^ Hägele, Friedrich (2004). Franz Xaver Brixi (1732–1771) / Missa brevis in C. Dr. J. Butz.
  6. ^ a b c "Franz Xaver Brixi". Chor der Jesuitenkirche Mannheim (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "Franz Xaver Brixi – böhmischer Komponist zwischen Barock und Klassik". Radio Prague International (in German). 5 January 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  8. ^ "Brixi". Schott Music (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2022.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit