|Born||2 January 1732|
|Died||14 October 1771 (aged 39)|
Brixi was born in Prague, the son of composer Šimon Brixi. He received his musical education at the Piarist Gymnasium in Kosmonosy. His teachers included Václav Kalous, a significant composer himself.
In 1749 Brixi left Kosmonosy and returned to Prague, where he worked as an organist at several churches. In 1759 he was appointed Regens chori (choir director) and Kapellmeister of St Vitus Cathedral, thus attaining, at age 27, the highest musical position in the city;[a] this office he held till his early death. He wrote some 290 church works (of the most varied type), cantatas and oratorios, chamber compositions, and orchestral compositions. He was a prolific composer of music for the liturgy, and wrote more than 100 masses, vespers and motets, among others. He also composed secular music such as oratorios and incidental music, concertos and symphonies. His organ concertos, which have been recorded several times each, are his best-known pieces today.
Brixi died of tuberculosis in Prague in 1771, at the age of 39.
Brixi was an important composer at the junction between Baroque and the Classical period. Brixi's style is distinguished from that of his contemporaries by its fresh melodic writing, vivacious rhythm and lively bass lines, and from that of his predecessors by its simple yet effective instrumentation. During his lifetime his music was widely disseminated in Bohemia and Moravia.
- Missa integra in d minor
- Missa brevis in C for soloists, choir orchestra and organ
- Missa aulica, missa brevis in C
- Opus patheticum de septem doloribus Beatae Mariae Virginis
- Organ Concerto in D major
- Organ Concerto in F major
- Judas Iscariothes – Oratorium pro die sacro Parasceves
- Missa solemnis in D major for soloists, choir, orchestra and organ
- Litanie de seto Benedieto
- Confiteor tibi Domine
- Sinfonia in D
- Bitevní sinfonie
- Fuga in A minor
- Pastoral in C major
- Preludium In C major
- Regina coeli
- In the second half of the 18th century, the ensemble at St Vitus Cathedral consisted of nine secular choralists, nine psalm-singing priests, 32 permanent musicians and six bonifants.
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- "Brixi, František Xaver". ČESKÁ DIVADELNÍ ENCYKLOPEDIE (in Czech). 5 June 2022. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
- "ALO docView – 02 Biographisches Lexikon des Kaisertums Österreich (1857)". Austrian Literature Online (in German). Retrieved 5 June 2022.
- Novák, Vladimir (1969). "Zur Katalogisierung von Werken der Familie Brixi". Die Musikforschung. Bärenreiter. 22 (3): 335–337. ISSN 0027-4801. JSTOR 23230930. Retrieved 5 June 2022.