Franklin Bachelder Simmons (January 11, 1839 – December 8, 1913) was a prominent American sculptor of the nineteenth century. Three of his statues are in the National Statuary Hall Collection, three of his busts are in the United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection, and his statue of Ulysses S. Grant is in the United States Capitol Rotunda.
Simmons was born in Webster, Maine. He spent most of his childhood in Bath, Maine and Lewiston, Maine. He attended Bates College (then called the Maine State Seminary) in 1858. Simmons started sculpting and painting during childhood. He studied with John Adams Jackson.
During the last two years of the American Civil War, he moved to Washington, D.C. and modeled 24 portrait medallions of President Abraham Lincoln, his Cabinet, and generals and admirals. The Union League of Philadelphia purchased most of the medallions. In 1867 Simmons received an honorary A.M. from Bates College and from Colby.
Simmons went to live in Rome in 1868, but returned several times. Among his portrait busts are those of David D. Porter, James G. Blaine, Francis Wayland, and Ulysses S. Grant (1886). He is said to have made a female statue of The Wanderer, meant to depict a Jewess wandering in the desert. He died in Rome, aged 74, and is buried in the Protestant Cemetery.
- Bust of Oren Cheney (1861?), Bates College, Lewiston, Maine. Simmons sculpted this while a student at Bates College.
- Soldiers' Monument (1866–68), Kennedy Park, Lewiston, Maine.
- Soldiers and Sailors Monument (1867–69), Bellingham Square, Chelsea, Massachusetts.
- Penelope (marble, 1873), De Young Museum, San Francisco, California. Copies are at the Berkshire Museum in Pittsfield, Massachusetts; Lake Delaware Farm in Delhi, New York; the Detroit Institute of Arts; and the Portland Museum of Art in Portland, Maine.
- Jochebed with the Infant Moses (marble, 1873), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts.
- The Promised Land (marble, 1874), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
- Roger Williams Monument (bronze, 1874–77), Roger Williams Park, Providence, Rhode Island. A bronze copy of his marble statue at the U.S. Capitol.
- Edward T. Little (bronze, 1875–77), Edward Little High School, Auburn, Maine.
- Bust of William B. Wood (marble, 1860), Lewiston Public Library, Lewiston, Maine
- Bust of Lyman Nichols (marble, 1860), Lewiston Public Library, Lewiston, Maine
- Bust of Admiral David Dixon Porter (marble, 1876), United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland.
- Miriam (year?)
- Medusa (1882)
- Galatea (1884)
- Senator Oliver P. Morton (bronze, 1884), Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Indianapolis, Indiana.
- The Seraph Abdiel (from "Paradise Lost") (1886).
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (bronze, 1887), Longfellow Square, Portland, Maine.
- Soldiers' Monument (1888–91), Monument Square, Congress Street, Portland, Maine, Richard Morris Hunt, architect.
- Bust of Robert Treat Paine (marble, 1892), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts.
- Equestrian Statue of Major General John A. Logan, cast in Rome by Alessandro Nelli (bronze, 1892–1901), Logan Circle, Washington, D.C., Richard Morris Hunt, architect.
- Alexander Hamilton (bronze, 1905–06), Great Falls of the Passaic Overlook Park, Paterson, New Jersey.
- Valley Forge (Seated Washington) (bronze, 1910), Washington Memorial Chapel, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
Union League of PhiladelphiaEdit
- 14 bronze portrait medallions of Civil War generals and politicians (1865).
- President Abraham Lincoln
- Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase
- Secretary of State William H. Seward
- Major General Nathaniel P. Banks
- Major Gereral Ambrose Burnside
- Major General Benjamin F. Butler
- Major General Darius N. Couch
- Major General Abner Doubleday
- General of the Army Ulysses S. Grant
- Major General Winfield S. Hancock
- Major General Joseph Hooker
- Major General Philip Kearny
- Major General George Gordon Meade
- Major General John Grubb Parke
United States CapitolEdit
- Peace Monument (formerly Naval Monument) (marble, 1877), United States Capitol Grounds, Washington, D.C., Edward Clark, architect. The figures atop the monument are titled "Grief and History."
- Roger Williams (marble, 1872), National Statuary Hall Collection (representing Rhode Island).
- Governor William King (marble, 1878), National Statuary Hall Collection (representing Maine).
- Bust of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin (marble, 1889), United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection.
- Bust of Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson (marble, 1894), United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection.
- Ulysses S. Grant (marble, 1899), United States Capitol Rotunda. Simmons's 1894 statue, showing Grant in civilian clothes, was rejected for the U.S. Capitol. It is now in the Portland Museum of Art.
- Bust of Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks (marble, 1905), United States Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection.
- Francis Harrison Pierpont (marble, 1910), National Statuary Hall Collection (representing West Virginia).
- "FRANKLIN SIMMONS DEAD. - American Sculptor Designecl Grant and Logan Monuments" (PDF). The New York Times. December 9, 1913. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "American Neoclassical Sculpture". Portland Art Museum. Archived from the original on March 10, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Charles W. Fairbanks". United States Senate. Archived from the original on February 22, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e Architetti., by Angelo de Gubernatis. Tipe dei Successori Le Monnier, 1889, page 480.
- De Gubernatis, 1905.
- "Databases of Burials in the Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome". Protestant Cemetery, Rome. Archived from the original on February 7, 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- Lillian Whiting, "Franklin Simmons," The Twentieth Century Magazine, Volume 1 (Google eBook) (Twentieth Century Company, 1910), pg. 202
- "Penelope". FRAME Museums. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Ellen Crane Memorial Sculpture Gallery". Berkshire Museum. Archived from the original on February 11, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2006.
- "Jochebed (Mother of Moses) | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "Collection | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". Metmuseum.org. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "Portrait Bust of Robert Treat Paine | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Gobetz, Wally. "Pennsylvania - Valley Forge: Washington Memorial Chapel - …". Flickr. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "The Peace Monument | Architect of the Capitol | United States Capitol". Aoc.gov. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "Ulysses S. Grant, (sculpture)". Siris-artinventories.si.edu. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
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