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The Franklin Medal, "founded in 1914 by Samuel Insull … awarded by the Franklin Institute for signal and eminent service in science"
Presentation of the first Franklin Medal in Philadelphia on May 19, 1915. Front row: Samuel Insull, Walton Clark, recipient Thomas Edison and his wife Mina Miller, Chevalier Van Rappard, accepting the award for Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Back row: Robert Bowie Owens, John J. Carty, Frank J. Sprague, William Stanley, R. Tait McKenzie.

The Franklin Medal was a science award presented from 1915 through 1997 by the Franklin Institute located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. It was founded in 1914 by Samuel Insull.

The Franklin Medal was the most prestigious of the various awards presented by the Franklin Institute.[1] Together with other historical awards, it was merged into the Benjamin Franklin Medal, initiated in 1998.[2]

LaureatesEdit

Recipients are listed in a database on The Franklin Institute website.[2]

Year Recipient Discipline Notes
1915 Thomas Edison Engineering [3]
1915 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Physics
1916 John J. Carty Engineering
1916 Theodore William Richards Chemistry
1917 Hendrik Lorentz Physics
1917 David W. Taylor Engineering
1918 Guglielmo Marconi Engineering
1918 Thomas Corwin Mendenhall Physics
1919 James Dewar Physics
1919 George Owen Squier Engineering
1920 Svante Arrhenius Chemistry
1920 Charles Algernon Parsons Engineering
1921 Charles Fabry Physics
1921 Frank J. Sprague Engineering
1921 Ralph Modjeski Engineering
1922 J. J. Thomson Physics
1923 Gustave-Auguste Ferrié Engineering/Computer and Cognitive Science [4]
1923 Albert A. Michelson Physics
1924 Ernest Rutherford Chemistry
1924 Edward Weston Engineering
1925 Elihu Thomson Engineering
1925 Pieter Zeeman Physics
1926 Niels Bohr Physics
1926 Samuel Rea Engineering
1927 George Ellery Hale Physics
1927 Max Planck Physics
1928 Charles F. Brush Engineering
1928 Walther Nernst Chemistry
1929 Emile Berliner Engineering
1929 Charles Thomson Rees Wilson Physics
1930 William Henry Bragg Physics
1930 John Frank Stevens Engineering
1931 James Hopwood Jeans Physics
1931 Willis R. Whitney Engineering
1932 Philipp Lenard Physics
1932 Ambrose Swasey Engineering
1933 Paul Sabatier Chemistry
1933 Orville Wright Engineering
1934 Irving Langmuir Chemistry
1934 Henry Norris Russell Physics
1935 Albert Einstein Physics
1935 John Ambrose Fleming Engineering
1936 Frank B. Jewett Engineering
1936 Charles F. Kettering Engineering
1937 Peter Debye Chemistry
1937 Robert Andrews Millikan Physics
1938 William F. Durand Engineering
1938 Charles A. Kraus Chemistry
1939 Edwin Hubble Physics
1939 Albert Sauveur Engineering
1940 Leo Baekeland Engineering
1940 Arthur Compton Physics
1941 Edwin H. Armstrong Engineering
1941 C. V. Raman Physics [5]
1942 Jerome Clarke Hunsaker Engineering
1942 Paul Dyer Merica Engineering [6]
1943 G. W. Pierce Engineering
1943 Harold Urey Physics
1944 William D. Coolidge Engineering
1944 Peter Kapitza Physics
1945 Harlow Shapley Physics
1946 Henry Clapp Sherman Life Science [7]
1946 Henry Tizard Engineering [8]
1946 Enrico Fermi Physics [9]
1947 Robert Robinson Chemistry [10]
1948 Wendell Meredith Stanley Life Science [11]
1948 Theodore von Kármán Engineering [12]
1949 Theodor Svedberg Life Science [13]
1950 Eugene Wigner Physics [14]
1951 James Chadwick Physics [15]
1952 Wolfgang Pauli Physics [16]
1953 William Francis Gibbs Engineering [17]
1954 Kenneth Mees Engineering [18]
1955 Arne Tiselius Life Science [19]
1956 Frank Whittle Engineering [20]
1957 Hugh Stott Taylor Chemistry [21]
1958 Donald Wills Douglas Engineering [22]
1959 Hans Bethe Physics [23]
1960 Roger Adams Engineering [24]
1961 Detlev Bronk Life Science [25]
1962 G. I. Taylor Life Science [26]
1963 Glenn T. Seaborg Physics [27]
1964 Gregory Breit Physics [28]
1965 Frederick Seitz Engineering [29]
1966 Britton Chance Life Science [30]
1967 Murray Gell-Mann Physics [31]
1968 Marshall Warren Nirenberg Life Science [32]
1969 John Archibald Wheeler Physics [33]
1970 Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky Physics [34]
1971 Hannes Alfvén Physics [35]
1972 George Kistiakowsky Chemistry [36]
1973 Theodosius Dobzhansky Life Science [37]
1974 Nikolay Bogolyubov Physics [38]
1975 John Bardeen Physics [39]
1976 Mahlon Hoagland Life Science [40]
1977 Cyril M. Harris Engineering [41]
1978 Elias James Corey Chemistry [42]
1979 G. Evelyn Hutchinson Life Science [43]
1980 Avram Goldstein Life Science [44]
1980 Lyman Spitzer Physics [45]
1981 Stephen Hawking Physics [46]
1982 César Milstein Life Science [47]
1982 Kenneth G. Wilson Physics [48]
1984 Verner E. Suomi Engineering [49]
1985 George C. Pimentel Physics [50]
1986 Benoît Mandelbrot Physics [51]
1987 Stanley Cohen Life Science [52]
1988 Donald Knuth Computer and Cognitive Science [53]
1990 Hugh Huxley Life Science [54]
1990 David Turnbull Physics [55]
1992 Frederick Reines Physics [56]
1995 Gerard 't Hooft Physics [57]
1996 Richard Smalley Chemistry [58]
1997 Mario Capecchi Life Science [59]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Flam, Faye (April 29, 1996). "Five to Get Franklin Institute Honors". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Laureates Search". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2015-05-08. 
  3. ^ "Thomas Alva Edison". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  4. ^ "Auguste G. Ferrie". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  5. ^ "Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  6. ^ "Paul Dyer Merica". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  7. ^ "Henry Clapp Sherman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  8. ^ "Henry Thomas Tizard". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  9. ^ "Enrico Fermi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  10. ^ "Robert Robinson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  11. ^ "Wendell Meredith Stanley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  12. ^ "Theodor Von Karman". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  13. ^ "The Svedberg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  14. ^ "Eugene P. Wigner". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  15. ^ "James Chadwick". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  16. ^ "Wolfgang Pauli". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  17. ^ "William Francis Gibbs". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  18. ^ "Charles Edward Kenneth Mees". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  19. ^ "Arne Tiselius". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  20. ^ "Frank Whittle". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  21. ^ "Hugh Stott Taylor". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  22. ^ "Donald Wills Douglas". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  23. ^ "Hans Albrecht Bethe". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  24. ^ "Roger Adams". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  25. ^ "Detlev W. Bronk". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  26. ^ "Geoffrey Ingram Taylor". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  27. ^ "Glenn T. Seaborg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  28. ^ "Gregory Breit". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  29. ^ "Frederick Seitz". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  30. ^ "Britton Chance". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  31. ^ "Murray Gell-Mann". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  32. ^ "Marshall Warren Nirenberg". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  33. ^ "John Archibald Wheeler". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  34. ^ "Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  35. ^ "Hannes Alfven". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  36. ^ "George Kistiakowsky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  37. ^ "Theodosius Grigorevich Dobzhansky". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  38. ^ "Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogoliubov". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  39. ^ "John Bardeen". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  40. ^ "Mahlon B. Hoagland". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  41. ^ "Cyril Manton Harris". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  42. ^ "Elias J. Corey". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  43. ^ "G. Evelyn Hutchinson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  44. ^ "Avram Goldstein". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  45. ^ "Lyman Spitzer Jr". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  46. ^ "Stephen W. Hawking". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  47. ^ "Cesar Milstein". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  48. ^ "Kenneth Geddes Wilson". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  49. ^ "Verner E. Suomi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  50. ^ "George Claude Pimentel". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  51. ^ "Benoît Mandelbrot". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  52. ^ "Stanley Cohen". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  53. ^ "Donald Ervin Knuth". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  54. ^ "Hugh E. Huxley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  55. ^ "David Turnbull". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  56. ^ "Frederick Reines". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  57. ^ "Gerard 't Hooft". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  58. ^ "Richard E. Smalley". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  59. ^ "Mario Renato Capecchi". The Franklin Institute Awards. Franklin Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 

External linksEdit