Franklin, New Jersey
Franklin is a borough in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,045 reflecting a decline of 115 (-2.2%) from the 5,160 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 183 (+3.7%) from the 4,977 counted in the 1990 Census.
Franklin, New Jersey
|Borough of Franklin|
House in Franklin
Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World
Map of Franklin in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Franklin, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 23, 1913|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Nicholas Giordano (R, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Alison Littell McHose|
|• Municipal clerk||Robin Hough|
|• Total||4.570 sq mi (11.835 km2)|
|• Land||4.498 sq mi (11.650 km2)|
|• Water||0.072 sq mi (0.185 km2) 1.57%|
|Area rank||282nd of 566 in state|
17th of 24 in county
|Elevation||541 ft (165 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||376th of 566 in state|
11th of 24 in county
|• Density||1,121.6/sq mi (434.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||366th of 566 in state|
7th of 24 in county
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||973 exchanges: 209, 823, 827|
|GNIS feature ID||0885224|
Franklin, known as the "Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World," is located over a rich ore body containing more than 150 minerals, many of them fluorescent and 25 of which are found nowhere else on earth. Settled in the 17th century, the village known as Franklin Furnace after Benjamin Franklin, developed near iron mines and iron smelting operations located along the Wallkill River. In the early 19th century, zinc deposits in the area began to be developed commercially. For most of the century many small companies mined zinc and iron in the Franklin area. In 1897 all zinc mining efforts merged into the New Jersey Zinc Company, which was a major controlling factor in the development of Franklin. Immigrants from Russia, Britain, Hungary and Poland joined the work force at the mine. The population, 500 in 1897, had swelled to 3,000 by 1913. On March 18, 1913, the Borough of Franklin was incorporated from portions of Hardyston Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 23, 1913.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Media
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, Franklin borough had a total area of 4.570 square miles (11.835 km2), including 4.498 square miles (11.650 km2) of land and 0.072 square miles (0.185 km2) of water (1.57%).
1930–1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,045 people, 1,936 households, and 1,316.480 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,121.6 per square mile (433.1/km2). There were 2,136 housing units at an average density of 474.9 per square mile (183.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.15% (4,649) White, 2.18% (110) Black or African American, 0.30% (15) Native American, 1.74% (88) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.23% (62) from other races, and 2.40% (121) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.83% (395) of the population.
There were 1,936 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $62,813 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,585) and the median family income was $81,875 (+/- $11,964). Males had a median income of $49,413 (+/- $8,152) versus $45,385 (+/- $9,926) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,708 (+/- $2,344). About 5.1% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 5,160 people, 1,898 households, and 1,324 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,150.2 people per square mile (443.7/km2). There were 1,997 housing units at an average density of 445.1 per square mile (171.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.10% White, 0.62% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 1.22% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.42% of the population.
There were 1,898 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,985, and the median income for a family was $52,682. Males had a median income of $41,080 versus $26,201 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,386. About 5.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Franklin is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Franklin, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2018[update], the Mayor of Franklin Borough is Republican Nicholas Giordano, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Borough Council are Robert C. Dabinett (R, 2017), Dawn Fantasia (R, 2019), Joseph Limon (R, 2020), John E. Postas (R, 2020), Michael Rathbun (R, 2018), Stephen M. Skellenger (R, 2019) and Gilbert J. Snyder (R, 2018).
In January 2016, the Borough Council selected Dawn Fantasia from three candidates nominated by the Republican municipal committee to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 that was vacated by Nicholas Giordano when he took office as mayor.
Joseph Martinez was sworn into office in August 2014 to fill the vacant seat of David Fanale, who had resigned from office a month earlier. Martinez was selected by the borough council from a list of three prospective candidates offered by the County Republican Committee. Martinez served in office on an interim basis until the November 2014 election, when voters chose him to fill the balance of the term through December 2016.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Parker Space (R, Wantage Township) and Harold J. Wirths (R, Hardyston Township).
Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator. As of 2014[update], Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2016), Deputy Director Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015), Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014), George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2016) and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015). Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly. Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott (R, 2016), Sheriff Michael F. Strada (R, 2016) and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons). The County Administrator is John Eskilson.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,071 registered voters in Franklin, of which 469 (15.3% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,302 (42.4% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 1,296 (42.2% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 60.9% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 78.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,121 votes (57.2% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 772 votes (39.4% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 58 votes (3.0% vs. 2.1%), among the 1,959 ballots cast by the borough's 3,095 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.3% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,213 votes (57.2% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 857 votes (40.4% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 37 votes (1.7% vs. 1.5%), among the 2,122 ballots cast by the borough's 2,930 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.4% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,269 votes (63.4% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 695 votes (34.7% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 28 votes (1.4% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,001 ballots cast by the borough's 2,740 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.0% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.6% of the vote (841 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 27.7% (339 votes), and other candidates with 3.8% (46 votes), among the 1,242 ballots cast by the borough's 3,134 registered voters (16 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 870 votes (63.0% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 361 votes (26.1% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 116 votes (8.4% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 26 votes (1.9% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,382 ballots cast by the borough's 2,936 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).
Students in public school for kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Franklin Borough School District. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 642 students and 45.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.2:1.
For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Wallkill Valley Regional High School which also serves students from Hamburg Borough, Hardyston Township and Ogdensburg Borough, and is part of the Wallkill Valley Regional High School District. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 655 students and 57.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 26.87 miles (43.24 km) of roadways, of which 21.00 miles (33.80 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.93 miles (4.72 km) by Sussex County and 2.94 miles (4.73 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Franklin include:
- Alexandra Tillson Filer (born 1916), metallurgist, mineral collector and bookseller.
- Charles Joseph Fletcher (1922–2011), inventor and the owner / CEO of Technology General Corporation who developed an early version of the hovercraft.
- Samuel Fowler (1779–1844), doctor, state legislator, and member of the United States House of Representatives who was one of the developers of the mines in the area.
- Alfred B. Littell (1893–1970), politician who was mayor of Franklin in the 1950s, who also served as a member of both houses of the New Jersey Legislature and as President of the New Jersey Senate in 1951.
- Robert Littell (1936–2014), politician, who served as a member of the New Jersey State Senate from 1992 to 2008.
- Charles Francis Lynch (1884–1942), United States Attorney and a United States district court judge in New Jersey.
- Alison Littell McHose (born 1965), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 2003 to 2015 until she was appointed as borough administrator.
- Steve Nagy (1919–2016), pitcher who played for two MLB seasons for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Washington Senators, as part of a career that included 14 minor league seasons.
- Steve Oroho (born 1958), politician, who has served in the New Jersey Senate since 2008, where he represents the 24th Legislative District.
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- History, Borough of Franklin. Accessed April 29, 2015. "Franklin, known as the Fluorescent Mineral Capital of the World, is located over a rich ore body containing more than 150 minerals, many of them fluorescent and 25 of which are found no where else on earth."
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- Tenore, Leigh. "Fantasia joins Franklin council", The Advertiser News, January 19, 2016. Accessed August 2, 2016. "Dawn Fantasia was sworn in at the regular Borough Council meeting on Jan. 12.Fantasia was unanimously voted to fill the vacancy created when Nicholas Giordano left the council to become mayor. Fantasia's term is an interim appointment which will run until Dec. 31, 2016."
- Miller, Jennifer Jean. "Franklin Borough Council Chooses New Councilman", NJInsideScene.com, August 6, 2014. Accessed October 7, 2014. "Joe Martinez is the newly appointed councilman in Franklin Borough, after the resignation of former councilman David Fanale on July 9. He was chosen on Tuesday, August 5 at a special council meeting."
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- Jennings, Rob. "Wallkill Valley grad named superintendent/principal", New Jersey Herald, August 26, 2015. Accessed October 28, 2017. "Wallkill Valley Regional High School enrolls students from Hamburg, Hardyston, Ogdensburg and Franklin."
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- "EMS' oldest living alumna looks back on making history at Penn State", Penn State News, May 5, 2014. Accessed October 29, 2019. "Born in 1916 in Franklin Furnace, N.J., Alexandra Tillson Filer, 97, was raised in one of the most important mining towns in the country at the time."
- Staff. "Charles J. Flecther: Obituary", New Jersey Herald, April 22, 2011. Accessed April 29, 2015. "Charles J. Fletcher, 88, died Wednesday, April 20, 2011, at Saint Clare's Hospital, in Sussex. Mr. Fletcher, son of the late Horace and Florence (Romyns) Fletcher was born in Franklin on Dec. 21, 1922."
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- Staff. "ALFRED B. LITTELL, JERSEY LEGISLATOR", The New York Times, December 15, 1970. Accessed April 29, 2015. "The elder Mr. Littell had been mayor of Franklin in 1956 and 1957, and served as a Sussex County Freeholder in 1956."
- Staff. "Robert E. 'Bob' Littell: Obituary", New Jersey Herald, November 16, 2014. "Senator Robert E. 'Bob' Littell, 78, died after a long illness at his home surrounded by his family on Friday, Nov. 14, 2014. Born to the late Senator Alfred B. Littell and Dorothy A. Kershner in Orange, he was a lifelong resident of Franklin."
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