Frank Newman (educator)
Frank J. Newman (February 24, 1927 – May 29, 2004) was a US education reformer and administrator who produced the Newman Reports, two ground-breaking reports on higher education in the United States that were published in 1971 and 1974. He served as the eighth President of the University of Rhode Island (1974–1983).
After a period as a fellow for the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, he co-founded Campus Compact in 1985. Newman was president for 14 years from 1985 to 1999 of the Education Commission of the States. He then founded the Futures Project at Brown University and taught there and at Teachers College, Columbia University. Following his death aged 77, education awards and fellowships were named in his honour.
Early life and careerEdit
Frank J. Newman was born on February 24, 1927, in Orinda, California, USA, and grew up in Mamaroneck, New York. He was one of three children of Frank and Dorothy Newman. His undergraduate (BA) degree at Brown University was in Naval Science and Economics and he graduated in 1946. This was followed by a degree in electrical engineering, awarded from Brown in 1949. After a period as an economics student at Oxford University in the UK, he returned to the US and began work with the Honeywell Regulator Company that dealt in thermostat technology. During this period, he studied for and obtained a Master of Science in Business Administration from Columbia University.
Newman ran as a Republican on an antiwar platform in the 1966 United States House of Representatives elections, standing in California's 14th congressional district. He stood first in the special election held on 7 June 1966 following the death of Republican Representative John F. Baldwin, Jr., coming second to Democratic candidate Jerome R. Waldie. Newman stood again in the general election held on 8 November 1966, and again came second to Waldie.
Education reform and administrationEdit
Newman's best-known works on education reform were the 'Newman Reports' of 1971 and 1974, formally the 'Report on Higher Education' and 'The Second Newman Report: National Policy and Higher Education'.
He resigned his position at the University of Rhode Island to take up a Presidential Fellowship at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. In 1985, his Carnegie Foundation Report, titled Higher Education and the American Resurgence, stated:
The enduring and honorable American tradition of opportunity through education must function for the whole of the population. This requires higher education to do a better job of drawing people from all segments of society into those programs that lead to positions of leadership in the life of the country.
In 1985, Newman was a co-founder with the presidents of Stanford University, Brown University, and Georgetown University, of the organisation Campus Compact. For 14 years from 1985 to 1999, Newman was President of the Education Commission of the States. In 1999 he was the founder and director of 'The Futures Project: Policy for Higher Education in a Changing World'. At the time of its founding, the Futures Project was based at Brown University's Center for Public Policy and American Institutions and was funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts.
Newman was appointed the Julius and Rosa Sachs Lecturer for the 1999–2000 academic year by Teachers College, Columbia University, where he was a Visiting Professor. Also in 1999, he was elected an alumni trustee of Brown University's Brown Corporation. He was also a Visiting Professor of Public Policy and Sociology at Brown University. On 13 May 2003, Newman testified before the United States House Committee on Education and the Workforce.
Honours and tributesEdit
In March 1977, Newman was made a "High Officer" of the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator, with the award being presented by the Portuguese Secretary of State for Emigration. Newman was made an honorary University of Rhode Island alumnus in 1979, followed by a University of Rhode Island honorary degree in 1989. Newman received the William Rogers Award from the Alumni Association of Brown University in 1994. The 1999 announcement of his election as alumni trustee at Brown University stated that he held 40 honorary degrees. Also in 1999, he received the James Bryant Conant Award from the Education Commission of the States. In 2002, the admissions building at the University of Rhode Island was renamed the Frank Newman Hall. This name change was formally recognised by the Rhode Island State Assembly: Frank Newman Hall: "The facility located at 14 Upper College Road on the Kingston Campus of the University of Rhode Island shall be named the 'Frank Newman Hall'" - Rhode Island General Laws 22-7.4-79.
Death and legacyEdit
Newman died aged 77 on May 29, 2004, in Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island. The cause was melanoma. He had been living in Jamestown at the time of his death, and was survived by his wife and three children. A memorial service was held at Brown University in June 2004. The then-President of the University of Rhode Island, Robert L. Carothers, paid tribute to Newman, calling him "one of the great thinkers in higher education". In 2005, the Education Commission of the States renamed its State Innovation Award in his honour. Also bearing his name are the Newman Civic Fellows Awards, administered by Campus Compact and originally called the Frank Newman Leadership Awards.
Newman authored a number of books on education reform.
- 1985: Higher Education and the American Resurgence (The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching)
- 2004: The Future of Higher Education: Rhetoric, Reality, and the Risks of the Market (co-author with Lara Couturier and Jamie Scurry)
- "In Memoriam. Frank Newman (1927-2004)". University of Rhode Island. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Arenson, Karen W. (4 June 2004). "Frank Newman, 77, Dies; Shaped Education". The New York Times.
- "Current Emeritus Faculty (2011)". Brown University: Committee on Faculty Retirement. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Rourke, Mary (6 June 2004). "Frank Newman, 77; Helped Make Colleges More Inclusive". Los Angeles Times.
- "June 7, 1966 Election". JoinCalifornia. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "November 8, 1966 Election". JoinCalifornia. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Records of the President's Office Frank Newman: Biographical Note". Rhode Island Archival and Manuscript Collections Online. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Remembering Frank Newman (1927-2004)". National Youth Leadership Council. 3 June 2004. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "History of the URI Presidency". University of Rhode Island. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Quoted from "Education for Everybody: Brown's Innovation and Influence on Collegiate Education". Brown University. 2001. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "About Frank Newman". Campus Compact. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Former ECS President Frank Newman Dies" (Word document). Education Commission of the States. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "The Futures Project: People". The Futures Project: Policy for Higher Education in a Changing World. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Dr. Frank Newman: Sachs Lecturer and More". TC Media Center, Teacher's College, Columbia University. September 1999. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Brown Corporation elects two new fellows and nine new trustees". News from Brown. Brown University News Bureau. 3 June 1999. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "PPSO administration". Brown University: Private and Public Sector Organizations. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Dr. Frank Newman: Higher Education in the Age of Accountability". House Committee on Education and Labor, Republicans. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Portugal Honors 2 Rhode Island Men". The Milwaukee Journal. 25 March 1977. p. 3.
- "In Memoriam: Former URI President Frank Newman". News & Views: University of Rhode Island. 2004. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "The William Rogers Award". Brown Alumni Association. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Education reformer Frank Newman '47 receives AABU's William Rogers Award". Brown Alumni Monthly. Brown Alumni Association. November 1994. p. 13.
- "ECS Award Winners: Previous Winners of the James Bryant Conant Award". Education Commission of the States. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- Berry, Miraj (29 October 2002). "Former URI president recognized". The Good 5 Cent Cigar. College Media Network.
- "Rhode Island General Laws 22-7.4-79. Frank Newman Hall". LawServer. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "In Memoriam: Former URI President Frank Newman". University of Rhode Island. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "About ECS: ECS Awards: The Frank Newman Award for State Innovation". Education Commission of the States. Archived from the original on 2013-01-29. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- "Newman Civic Fellows Award 2013". Campus Compact. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
- Collection of photographs of Frank Newman (University of Rhode Island, Library Special Collections exhibit)
- The Technology Revolution: An Interview with Frank Newman by James L. Morrison, The Technology Source, January/February 2003
- Education papers published by Frank Newman (ERIC database search)
- The Legacy of Frank Newman by Russell Edgerton and Kay McClenney, Change, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2005, pp. 44–51
- For Frank Newman Anything Was Possible by Arthur Levine, The Chronicle Review (18 June 2004); reprinted by Brown University Alumni Magazine
- Guide to the Frank Newman Papers 1948-1987[permanent dead link] (University of Rhode Island Library, Special Collections and Archives)
- Guide to the Records of the President's Office Frank Newman 1970-1985[permanent dead link] (University of Rhode Island Library, Special Collections and Archives)
- Newman Reports
- Summary of the Newman Report (1971) in American Higher Education Transformed, 1940-2005 (2008) by Wilson Smith and Thomas Bender (JHU Press)
- The Newman Report: Four Comments, Greeley, Astin, Katz and Epperson, The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 42, No. 7 (Oct., 1971), pp. 610–623
- A Preview of the Second Newman Report by Frank Newman, Change, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1972, pp. 28–34