Franciszek Macharski (Polish pronunciation: [fraɲˈt͡ɕiʂɛk maˈxarskʲi]; 20 May 1927 – 2 August 2016) was a Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was appointed Archbishop of Kraków from 1978, named by Pope John Paul II to succeed him in that role. Macharski was elevated to the cardinalate in 1979, and resigned as archbishop in 2005.
|Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Kraków|
|Appointed||29 December 1978|
|Installed||28 January 1979|
|Term ended||3 June 2005|
|Other post(s)||Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina|
|Ordination||2 April 1950|
by Adam Stefan Sapieha
|Consecration||6 January 1979|
by Pope John Paul II
|Created cardinal||30 June 1979|
by Pope John Paul II
|Birth name||Franciszek Macharski|
|Born||20 May 1927|
|Died||2 August 2016 (aged 89)|
|Motto||Jesu in te confido (Jesus, I trust in you)|
|Coat of arms|
Franciszek Macharski was born on 20 May 1927 in Kraków, Poland. He was the youngest of four children. During World War II he worked as a menial laborer and afterward entered the seminary in Kraków, where he also studied theology. He was ordained as a priest in April 1950 by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha. Until 1956 he was a vicar in a parish near Bielsko-Biała and was then transferred to Fribourg, Switzerland, to continue his theological studies. He received his doctorate in 1960.
Macharski was appointed Archbishop of Kraków in December 1978 by Pope John Paul II, who had been Archbishop of that city himself until his election to the Papacy in October 1978. Macharski was consecrated as a Bishop by John Paul II himself at the Vatican on 6 January 1979 and took possession of the Archdiocese of Kraków on 28 January 1979, when he was installed at Wawel Cathedral.
Archbishop Macharski was created Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina as his titular church in June 1979, the first consistory of John Paul II, just six months after his episcopal consecration. He was a member of the cardinal electors of the 2005 papal conclave that elected Joseph Alois Ratzinger as Pope Benedict XVI. He lost the right to vote in conclaves when he turned 80 in May 2007.
- "Nie żyje kardynał Franciszek Macharski". RMF 24. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Gazeta Wyborcza, "Kardynał Franciszek Macharski - sylwetka". Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- "Macharski, Franciszek :: Catholic News Agency". Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "Polish cardinal dies aged 89". The Catholic Herald. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Pope makes surprise visit to ill cardinal on way to shrine". The Catholic Herald. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Historia Diecezji: Biskupi krakowscy (Kraków bishops)". Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 3 June 2016.. Kuria Archidiecezji Krakowskiej, 2009. Pages 1–3. Retrieved 23 December 2012. (in Polish)
- Berendt, Joanna. "Franciszek Macharski, 89, Dies; Archbishop Succeeded John Paul II in Krakow". Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- Media related to Franciszek Macharski at Wikimedia Commons
- Weigel, George (2 August 2016). "Cardinal Franciszek Macharski, dead at 89, was bred to heroism". Crux. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
|Catholic Church titles|
(Pope John Paul II)
| Archbishop of Kraków
29 December 1978 – 3 June 2005
| Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina
30 June 1979 – 2 August 2016