Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz

Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz (Francisco de Asís María Fernando de Borbón; 13 May 1822 – 17 April 1902), sometimes anglicised Francis of Assisi, was the king consort of Queen Isabella II of Spain from their marriage on 10 October 1846 until Isabella was overthrown on 30 September 1868.

Francisco de Asís
Duke of Cádiz
Francis King consort of Spain.jpg
Photograph by Herbert, c 1860
King consort of Spain
Tenure10 October 1846 – 30 September 1868
Born(1822-05-13)13 May 1822
Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Kingdom of Spain
Died17 April 1902(1902-04-17) (aged 79)
Épinay-sur-Seine, Paris, French Third Republic
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1846)
Issue
Names
Francisco de Asís María Fernando de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias
HouseBourbon
FatherInfante Francisco de Paula of Spain
MotherPrincess Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies
ReligionRoman Catholicism

FamilyEdit

Francis was born at Aranjuez, Spain, the second son (first to survive infancy) of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain, and of his wife (and niece), Princess Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies. He was named after Saint Francis of Assisi.

Marriage and childrenEdit

Francis married Isabella, his double first cousin, on 10 October 1846. There is evidence that Isabella would rather have married his younger brother, Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, and complained bitterly about her husband's effeminate habits after their first night together.

Twelve children were born during the marriage,[citation needed] of whom five reached adulthood:

There has been considerable speculation that some or all of Isabella's children were not fathered by Francisco de Asís; this has been bolstered by rumours that Francis was either homosexual or impotent.

Later lifeEdit

 
Francis of Assisi of Bourbon king consort of Spain

Starting in 1864, Francisco de Asís acted as president of the Spanish Privy Council (Consejo del Reino).

In 1868 he went into exile with his wife in France and adopted the incognito title of Count of Moratalla. On 25 June 1870, Isabella abdicated in favour of their son, Alfonso XII—whom the 1874 restoration placed on the throne. By then, Francisco de Asís and Isabella had amicably separated and, with time, became good friends.

In 1881 Francisco de Asís took up residence at the château of Épinay-sur-Seine (currently the city hall). He died there in 1902. His wife Isabella and two of his daughters, Isabel and Eulalia, were present at his deathbed.[1]

HonoursEdit

 
Coat of arms of King Francisco de Asís

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Don Francisco d'Assisi", The Times (18 April 1902): 9.
  2. ^ Kalendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish). Imprenta Real. 1834. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  3. ^ Nacional (Madrid), Imprenta (1866). Guía de forasteros en Madrid [para el año de 1866] (in Spanish). En la Imprenta Nacional. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  4. ^ Kalendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish). Imprenta Real. 1826. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  5. ^ Nacional (Madrid), Imprenta (1866). "Guía de forasteros en Madrid [para el año de 1866]" (in Spanish). En la Imprenta Nacional. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  6. ^ "Kalendario manual y guía de forasteros en Madrid" (in Spanish). Imprenta Real. 1826. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  7. ^ "Biblioteca ICAR - Almanacco Reale del Regno delle Due Sicilie per l'anno 1855". www.icar.beniculturali.it. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  8. ^ (Stato), Napoli (1841). Almanacco reale del Regno delle Due Sicilie: per l'anno .... 1841 (in Italian). Stamp. Reale. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  9. ^ Cibrario, Luigi (1869). Notizia storica del nobilissimo ordine supremo della santissima Annunziata. Sunto degli statuti, catalogo dei cavalieri (in Italian). Eredi Botta. p. 112. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
  10. ^ Almanacco di corte (in Italian). 1858. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  11. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern (in German). Königl. Oberpostamt. 1867. p. 10. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  12. ^ "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org
  13. ^ Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1867) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", p. 4
  14. ^ Journal de Monaco
  15. ^ Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1864, p. 422, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org
  16. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1868), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 51, 61
  17. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" p. 27
  18. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
  19. ^ Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 38, 73.
  20. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 470. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
  22. ^ M. & B. Wattel. (2009). Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur de 1805 à nos jours. Titulaires français et étrangers. Paris: Archives & Culture. p. 448. ISBN 978-2-35077-135-9.
  23. ^ "Liste des Membres de l'Ordre de Léopold", Almanach Royal Officiel (in French), 1864, p. 51 – via Archives de Bruxelles
  24. ^ a b Calvo Maturana, Antonio Juan. "Francisco de Paula Antonio María de Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  25. ^ a b Mateos Sáinz de Medrano, Ricardo. "Luisa Carlota de Borbón y Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  26. ^ a b Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 9.
  27. ^ a b Genealogie ascendate, p. 96
  28. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francis I. of the Two Sicilies" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  29. ^ a b Navarrete Martínez, Esperanza Navarrete Martínez. "María de la O Isabel de Borbón". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.

BibliographyEdit

Bergamini, John D. The Spanish Bourbons: The History of a Tenacious Dynasty. New York: Putnam, 1974. ISBN 0-399-11365-7

Francisco de Asís, Duke of Cádiz
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 13 May 1822 Died: 17 April 1902
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
as queen consort
King consort of Spain
10 October 1846 – 30 September 1868
Vacant
Title next held by
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
as queen consort
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
— TITULAR —
King consort of Spain
30 September 1868 – 25 June 1870
Vacant
Title next held by
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
as queen consort