Francisco Javier Clavet González (Spanish pronunciation: [fɾanˈθisko xaˈβjeɾ klaˈβet ɣonˈθaleθ];[a] born 24 October 1968), known as Pato Clavet (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpato]), is a former professional tennis player from Spain. He won eight singles titles, reached the semifinals of the 1992 Indian Wells Masters and the 1999 Miami Masters, and achieved a career-high singles ranking of World No. 18 in July 1992. He reached No. 16 at the Champions Race (now called ATP Race to London) after winning in Scottsdale in 2001.
|Full name||Francisco Javier Clavet|
|Born||24 October 1968|
|Height||1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)|
|Plays||Left-handed (two-handed backhand)|
|Career record||388–340 (53.3%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 18 (13 July 1992)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||3R (1996, 1998, 2000, 2002)|
|French Open||4R (1991, 1996, 1998)|
|US Open||3R (1991, 1995)|
|Career record||53–84 (38.7%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 89 (1 January 1990)|
|Davis Cup||W (2000)|
During his career, he defeated some current, future and past number-one ranked players, including, among others: John McEnroe, Mats Wilander, Andre Agassi, Lleyton Hewitt, and Roger Federer. In his only meeting with Federer Clavet won playing at the 2000 Cincinnati Masters. Clavet told Swiss newspaper Blick his defeat of Federer was one of his most important win as he considers Federer "the greatest tennis player of all time".
Clavet was coached by his brother, José Clavet, until 1999. From 2001 until his retirement in 2003, he was coached by Uruguayan Bebe Pérez.
1988-1999: Debut on the professional tour, early career, middle careerEdit
Clavet turned pro in 1988 and won his first ATP singles title two years later at the Dutch Open in Hilversum. He won five consecutive matches to capture the title. He is one of the few people to accomplish this since 1978. (Leonardo Mayer is the last player to win five matches in a row, doing so at the 2017 German Open in Hamburg.)
In 1991, he was among the top 30 players, and reached the semifinal round in five different tournaments.
Despite not winning a tournament, his best year was 1992, and resulted in his best ranking (No. 18). That year he reached the finals in Gstaad and San Marino, the semifinals in Philadelphia, Indian Wells, in Madrid, in Palermo and Athens, and the quarterfinals in Indianapolis, and in Schenectady. In 1993, his best result saw him reach the semifinals in Genoa. He lost to the eventual champion (Thomas Muster). He reached the quarterfinals three times in clay court tournaments.
He played two finals, losing to the Basque Alberto Berasategui. in 1994. In addition, he reached two semifinals in Athens and Buenos Aires, losing, again to the eventual winners (Alex Corretja and Alberto Berasategui). He also reached the quarterfinals in four clay court tournaments.
He won the Amsterdam Open in 1996 (defeating Younes El Aynaoui), and reached the semifinals in Mexico and Bologna. He also reached the quarterfinals in: Antwerp, Estoril, St. Pölten, Gstaad, Stuttgart, Bucharest, and Sicilia. He had won in Sicilia the year before, but this year lost to Karim Alami)
In 1997, he won two consecutive titles: Mexico and Bogota, which gave him a record of 19 wins / four losses from the US Open. He also played the final in Estoril, losing to countryman Alex Corretja. The same year he also reached two semi-finals: Tashkent and Bucharest, but lost to Tim Henman and Richard Fromberg, respectively. The Tashkent tournament was played on a carpet surface, and his was the best performance of a Spanish male tennis player on this surface in 1997.
He won two other titles in 1998: Santiago and Bucharest. He managed to reach two other semifinals: Mexico and Kitzbühel. He also performed well in Grand Slams tournaments. He repeated his best achievements at Roland Garros and the Australian Open (fourth and third round, respectively) and reached the fourth round at Wimbledon, delivering a surprise upset by defeating the second-seeded, and World No. 2, Chilean Marcelo Rios in a five-set match in the first round. Rios underestimated Clavet and lamented the lost match by attacking the grass surface
In 1999, after the success of the previous past two years and winning at least one tournament during the past four years, he ended the year without winning a tournament. He reached the semifinals in the 1999 Miami Masters and Barcelona Open, which were his best performances. He also reached the quarterfinals in Dubai (losing to eventual finalist Nicolas Kiefer. He defeating hard court specialists including Wayne Ferreira and Greg Rusedsky), at St. Pölten, Gstaad, Umag and the Majorca Open. Clavet began improving his hard court game and was called to play for the Davis Cup for the first time, facing a difficult qualifying round but playing well.
He came close to defeating his nemesis Pete Sampras, who was top-ranked for most of Clavet's career, in the 1999 Paris Open. Sampras finished the match injured and was forced to withdraw from the tournament after winning at the tie break of the final set in a very tough match.
He was considered (along with Sergi Bruguera) the best male Spanish player on hard and indoor courts in the early 1990s, and also the best male Spanish player on grass courts during the 1990s and the early years of the 2000s. He was the best male Spanish player at Wimbledon during the 90s, reaching the fourth round in 1998, with victories over second-seeded (Marcelo Ríos) in the first round in five sets and Thomas Johansson in the third round. He also reached the third round in Wimbledon 1999 and played an excellent match in 2001 against Pete Sampras, losing the second set due to a controversial point that Clavet saw out, but was awarded to Sampras.
2000-2003: Twilight years and retirementEdit
Of his eight ATP singles titles, seven were won on clay. But he showed, especially in his last years of career, that he could also play well on hard surface and grass courts.
In 2000 Clavet had poor results. His best result was the final in the Estoril Open, where he lost to his countryman Carlos Moya. He also reached the semifinal in the Austrian Open Kitzbühel and the quarterfinals in the Hamburg Masters (Tennis Master Series) and at Rosmalen.
2001 was the year with his best performances on hard courts. He reached the final at the ATP Auckland Open losing to Dominik Hrbaty. He won in Scottsdale, defeating Agassi in the first round, Lleyton Hewitt in the semifinals and Magnus Norman in the final (ranked number four, six and five respectively by this date in the ATP Tour). After winning in Scottsdale he declared: "I think this is the happiest day of my life as a tennis player. I am living a dream. I am a clay court player, and I have won all I have could in that surface, so winning a tournament at hard court aged 32, and winning over three top ten during this, is something very special. I will save this moment in my heart for all the rest of my life". That year, on hard courts, he also reached the semifinal in Shanghai and the quarterfinals in Japan losing both to the eventual champions. Clavet holds the record for the fastest ever ATP Tour victory when he beat Shan Jiang 6–0, 6–0 in only 25 minutes at the Shanghai Open in 2001.
In 2002 Clavet's career began to decline. Even though he had a good start to the year reaching third round at the Australian Open defeating number five seed Sebastien Grosjean, he only reached the quarterfinals at three minor tournaments for his best results of this year.
At age 34, Clavet decided to retire at the end of the 2003 season. Clavet lost all of his matches that year. But at Key Biscaine, entering at the tournament as a qualifier ranked 178th, and the oldest player in the draw, he defeated then-current number one ranked Lleyton Hewitt, who suffered from food poisoning the previous day. Clavet established the record for the lowest ranked man to defeat a number one ranked player until Thanasi Kokkinakis defeated Roger Federer in 2018. He lost the next round to Lee Hyung-taik. Finally, his official retirement came at the second round of the Spanish challenger tournament of Open Castilla y León, one of his favourite tournaments due to his relationship with the organization.
Following his retirement, he worked as a coach with Thomaz Bellucci, Feliciano López, Alejandro Falla and Santiago Giraldo. He occasionally works as a commentator for Spanish television, including the broadcast of the 10th French Open won by Rafael Nadal.
His Davis Cup debut came in 1999 in New Zealand in a playoff that Spain had to win to stay in the World Group. That year, due to several injuries and some refuses, the top Spanish players did not participate in the Davis Cup and Manolo Santana called Felix Mantilla and Clavet to play the singles matches on a difficult surface than Spanish tennis: hard indoor. Clavet won easily over Brett Steven in three sets, showing a powerful and accurate style, and had favourable results in the playoff (4–0) defeating Mark Nielsen in straight sets, losing only four games.
In 2000, Clavet played for the Spanish Davis Cup Team in the first round of the Davis Cup against Italy in Murcia. He gave Spain a 4–1 definitive result with a victory over Vincenzo Santopadre. Eventually, Spain was the winner of the championship. The was Clavet's last Davis Cup match, finishing his contribution with a 3–0 career Davis Cup record and two ties.
In national competitions, Clavet played in singles finals from 1994 to 1997 at the National Tennis Masters competition in Spain (national version of ATP World Tour Finals), losing all of them. In 1999, in Madrid, the region where he was born, he defeated Alex Corretja, the previous champion, recovering from a 1–6 loss in the first set, to claim the trophy. He also won the National Championship of Spain twice—1995: Juan Antonio Marín and 1999: Juan Carlos Ferrero), and reached the final in 2000 losing to Àlex Corretja.
Clavet used to play in the back of the court behind the baseline, but he often used his drive to move his opponent out wide with balls that took the opponent off the court. He used to finish the point by approaching the net and volleying or smashing. His best shot was his powerful, open stance forehand drive. His backhand was also quite good and consistent, but not as powerful as his drive. He was known as an exceptional fighter on the court. Former tennis player and commentator for Spanish public television Andrés Gimeno said about him: "Clavet never gives up, he reaches all the balls, you must beat him each point".
It is said,[who?] but this is not official, that Clavet was the inventor of the two-handed backhand while jumping in the air. While for some, this is considered only an aesthetic hit with no relevance, other people opine that, with the hip rotation, it can help the player hit with a wider angle, and therefore, it could be useful while attacking. This has been used by players like Sébastien Grosjean, Marcelo Rios and Thomaz Bellucci.
Clavet is a reference[clarification needed] in tennis in the capital of Spain, Madrid. Spanish player Daniel Muñoz de la Nava sees in Clavet a reference to keep fighting in the ATP World tour: "Francisco Clavet has always been my idol. I practised with him a lot when I was 20–23 and he was at the end of his career. He inspired me because he was always focused, professional and working hard. I have to work hard at every point and he really taught me a lot about how to be a professional player."
Singles (8 titles, 7 runners-up)Edit
|Grand Slam (0–0)|
|Tennis Masters Cup (0–0)|
|ATP Masters Series (0–0)|
|ATP Tour (8–7)|
|Win||1.||23 July 1990||Hilversum||Clay||Eduardo Masso||3–6, 6–4, 6–2, 6–0|
|Loss||1.||6 July 1992||Gstaad||Clay||Sergi Bruguera||6–1, 6–4|
|Loss||2.||27 July 1992||Saint-Marin||Clay||Karel Nováček||7–5, 6–2|
|Loss||3.||24 October 1994||Santiago||Clay||Alberto Berasategui||6–3, 6–4|
|Loss||4.||31 October 1994||Montevideo||Clay||Alberto Berasategui||6–4, 6–0|
|Win||2.||25 September 1995||Palermo||Clay||Jordi Burillo||6–7(3–7), 6–3, 7–6(7–1)|
|Win||3.||29 July 1996||Amsterdam||Clay||Younes El Aynaoui||7–5, 6–1, 6–1|
|Loss||5.||7 April 1997||Estoril||Clay||Àlex Corretja||6–3, 7–5|
|Win||4.||20 October 1997||Acapulco||Clay||Juan Albert Viloca||6–4, 7–6(9–7)|
|Win||5.||27 October 1997||Bogotá||Clay||Nicolás Lapentti||6–3, 6–3|
|Win||6.||4 September 1998||Bucharest||Clay||Arnaud Di Pasquale||6–4, 2–6, 7–5|
|Win||7.||9 November 1998||Santiago||Clay||Younes El Aynaoui||6–2, 6–4|
|Loss||6.||10 April 2000||Estoril||Clay||Carlos Moyá||6–3, 6–2|
|Win||8.||5 March 2001||Scottsdale||Hard||Magnus Norman||6–4, 6–2|
|Loss||7.||8 January 2001||Auckland||Hard||Dominik Hrbatý||6–4, 2–6, 6–3|
Singles performance timelineEdit
|Tournament||1990||1991||1992||1993||1994||1995||1996||1997||1998||1999||2000||2001||2002||2003||Career SR||Career W-L|
|Australian Open||A||2R||2R||A||A||A||3R||A||3R||1R||3R||2R||3R||1R||0 / 9||11–9|
|French Open||1R||4R||1R||2R||2R||3R||4R||2R||4R||2R||2R||1R||1R||A||0 / 13||16–13|
|Wimbledon||A||1R||1R||A||A||A||1R||2R||4R||3R||2R||1R||1R||A||0 / 9||7–9|
|US Open||A||3R||1R||1R||2R||3R||1R||1R||2R||1R||1R||1R||1R||A||0 / 12||6–12|
|Grand Slam Win-Loss||0 / 1||6 / 4||1 / 4||1 / 2||2 / 2||4 / 2||5 / 4||2 / 3||8 / 4||3 / 4||4 / 4||1 / 4||2 / 4||0 / 1||0 / 43||40 / 43|
|ATP Masters Series|
|Indian Wells||A||3R||SF||2R||A||2R||1R||3R||2R||2R||2R||2R||1R||A||0 / 13|
|Miami||A||2R||3R||2R||A||2R||1R||3R||3R||SF||1R||3R||2R||3R||0 / 12|
|Monte Carlo||A||A||1R||2R||A||A||1R||2R||2R||3R||1R||1R||1R||A||0 / 9|
|Hamburg||A||3R||3R||3R||A||2R||1R||2R||3R||3R||QF||1R||A||A||0 / 10|
|Rome||A||A||2R||2R||A||1R||2R||1R||1R||2R||3R||2R||1R||A||0 / 10|
|Canada||A||A||A||A||A||A||2R||A||A||A||A||2R||A||A||0 / 2|
|Cincinnati||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||2R||1R||A||A||0 / 2|
|Madrid1||A||A||2R||A||A||A||1R||A||A||1R||1R||1R||1R||A||0 / 6|
|Paris||A||A||1R||A||A||A||1R||A||A||2R||A||1R||A||A||0 / 4|
|Year End Ranking||90||30||22||100||38||49||34||33||30||38||49||51||113||358||N/A|
1This event was held in Stockholm through 1994, Essen in 1995, and Stuttgart from 1996 through 2001.
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