Francis J. Myers
Francis John Myers (December 18, 1901 – July 5, 1956) was an American teacher, lawyer, and politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S. Representative (1939–1945) and a U.S. Senator (1945–1951) from Pennsylvania. He was Senate Majority Whip from 1949 to 1951.
|Senate Majority Whip|
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951
|Leader||Scott W. Lucas|
|Preceded by||Kenneth S. Wherry|
|Succeeded by||Lyndon Johnson|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1951
|Preceded by||James J. Davis|
|Succeeded by||James H. Duff|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Pennsylvania's 6th district
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1945
|Preceded by||Michael J. Stack|
|Succeeded by||Herbert J. McGlinchey|
Francis John Myers
December 18, 1901
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||July 5, 1956 (aged 54)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Resting place||Holy Sepulchre Cemetery|
|Education||Saint Joseph's University (BA)|
Temple University (LLB)
Early life and educationEdit
Francis Myers was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to John Francis and Mary (née Donnelly) Myers, who were the children of Irish immigrants. His father was a post office employee in Philadelphia for forty years, holding the position of chief auditor upon his retirement. He received his early education at George L. Brooks Elementary School in West Philadelphia, and graduated from St. Joseph's Preparatory School in 1919. He then attended St. Joseph's University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1923. During college, he was a member of the baseball, football, and debating teams.
From 1923 to 1927, Myers served as an instructor in Latin, English, and ancient history at St. Joseph's Preparatory School. In addition to his teaching duties, he studied law in the evenings at Temple University Law School. He was admitted to the bar in 1927, and then entered private practice. From 1929 to 1931, he worked as a secretary with the Philadelphia law firm of Monaghan and Phillips. The head of the firm, John Monaghan, was also the district attorney of the city.
Myers was an attorney for the Home Owners' Loan Corporation from 1934 to 1935. He became active in Democratic politics, and was a member of the successful campaign of George Earle for Governor of Pennsylvania. In 1937, he was appointed deputy attorney general of Pennsylvania, serving in that position for only a year.
U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit
In 1938, Myers was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district. He defeated incumbent Michael Stack, who largely opposed the New Deal, in the Democratic primary. He received just below 50% of the vote in the general election, defeating Republican J. Howard Berry and Congressman Stack, who ran on the Royal Oak ticket. He was re-elected over Republican city solicitor Frank Truscott in 1940, winning by a margin of 61%-38%. In 1942, he won a third term after defeating Republican businessman William Sylk by a ten percentage point margin.
In 1944, Myers was elected to the U.S. Senate after narrowly defeating Republican incumbent James Davis by 50%-49%. He was the first Catholic to serve as Senator from Pennsylvania. At the 1948 Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia, Myers served as chairman of the platform committee; in that position, he helped draft a party platform that strongly supported civil rights. He was Senate Majority Whip from 1949 to 1951, serving under Majority Leader Scott Lucas.
Later life and deathEdit
Following his Senate career, Myers resumed the practice of law. He also served as chairman of the Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority, and as a member of the General State Authority and the Greater Philadelphia Movement.
- Current Biography. H. W. Wilson Company. 1950.
- "MYERS, Francis John, (1901–1956)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- "FRANCIS J. MYERS, EX-SENATOR, DIES". The New York Times. 1956-07-06.
- "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1938" (PDF). Clerk of the United States House of Representatives.
- Beers, Paul B. (1980). Pennsylvania Politics Today and Yesterday: The Tolerable Accommodation. Pennsylvania State University Press.
- LeMay, Francis M. (1948-07-14). "Myers Asks Ratification Of Platform". Tri-City Herald.
- "Senate Leaders: Ernest McFarland, "Father of the GI Bill"". United States Senate.
- Where They're Buried: A Directory Containing More Than Twenty Thousand Names of Notable Persons Buried in American Cemeteries, with Listings of Many Prominent People who Were Cremated. Genealogical Publishing Com. 1998. p. 141. ISBN 9780806348230.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Michael J. Stack
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district
Herbert J. McGlinchey
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
Scott W. Lucas
| Senate Democratic Whip
James J. Davis
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Joe Guffey, Ed Martin
James H. Duff
Kenneth S. Wherry
| Senate Majority Whip