Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford
Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford, KG, PC, PC (Ire) (12 February 1743 – 17 June 1822), styled The Honourable Francis Seymour-Conway until 1750, Viscount Beauchamp between 1750 and 1793, and Earl of Yarmouth between 1793 and 1794, was a British peer and politician. He held seats in the Irish House of Commons from 1761 to 1776 and in the British House of Commons from 1766 to 1794. He served as Chief Secretary for Ireland under his father. He subsequently held positions in the Royal Household, including serving as Lord Chamberlain between 1812 and 1822.
The Marquess of Hertford
Arms of Seymour-Conway, Marquess of Hertford: Sable, on a bend cotised argent a rose gules between two annulets of the first (Conway); quartering: Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Or, on a pile gules between six fleurs-de-lys azure three lions of England (special grant to Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, 1st Earl of Hertford (d.1552)); 2nd and 3rd: Gules, two wings conjoined in lure or (Seymour)
|Chief Secretary for Ireland|
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Rockingham|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Drogheda|
|Succeeded by||Hon. Augustus Hervey|
|Master of the Horse|
|Prime Minister||Hon. William Pitt the Younger|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Chesterfield|
|Succeeded by||Hon. William Pitt the Younger|
|Lord Chamberlain of the Household|
1812 – 14 December 1821
|Preceded by||The Earl of Dartmouth|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Montrose|
|Born||12 February 1743|
|Died||17 June 1822 (aged 79)|
Background and educationEdit
A member of the Seymour family headed by the Duke of Somerset, Hertford was the eldest son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, and Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, born on 12 January 1743 in London. He was the elder brother of Lord Robert Seymour and Lord Hugh Seymour. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.
In 1761, Hertford entered the Irish House of Commons for Lisburn, and later represented Antrim County between 1768 and 1776. He was sworn of the Irish Privy Council in 1775 and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1765 and 1766 to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, his father. In 1766 he entered the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel, changing in 1768 to represent Orford until he succeeded his father in 1794.
Hertford served under Lord North, firstly as a Lord of the Treasury from 1774, and then from 1780 as Cofferer of the Household, a post he held until its abolishment in 1782. In 1780 he was also sworn of the British Privy Council. He remained out of office until 1804, when he was made Master of the Horse by William Pitt the Younger. He continued in this position until Pitt's death in 1806 and later served under Spencer Perceval and Lord Liverpool as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1812 and 1821.
Apart from his political career Hertford was also Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire between 1816 and 1822 and Governor of County Antrim. In 1807 he was appointed a Knight of the Garter. Shortly before his death, he was refused a dukedom by Lord Liverpool.
Lord Hertford married, firstly, the Hon. Alice Elizabeth Windsor, daughter of Herbert Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, on 4 February 1768. After her death in 1772 he married, secondly, the Hon. Isabella Anne Ingram, daughter of Charles Ingram, 9th Viscount of Irvine and Frances Shepherd, on 20 May 1776. She was a mistress of George IV. On the death of his mother-in-law in 1807, he and his wife added the surname Ingram to their own, due to the fortune they inherited from her. Lord Hertford died in London in June 1822, aged 79, and was succeeded by his son from his second marriage, Francis. The Marchioness of Hertford died in April 1834.
- Debrett's Peerage, 1968, pp.571,1036
- Hochstrasser, T. J. (May 2008). "Conway, Francis Ingram-Seymour-, second marquess of Hertford (1743–1822)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25167. Retrieved 30 December 2012. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- thepeerage.com Francis Seymour-Ingram, 2nd Marquess of Hertford
- leighrayment.com Irish House of Commons 1692–1800
- Brooke, John. "Seymour Conway, Francis, Visct. Beauchamp (1743–1822)". The History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "No. 12053". The London Gazette. 29 January 1780. p. 1.
- "No. 12054". The London Gazette. 1 January 1780. p. 1.
- "No. 15720". The London Gazette. 17 July 1804. p. 877.
- "No. 16580". The London Gazette. 3 March 1812. p. 425.
- "No. 17772". The London Gazette. 11 December 1821. p. 2405.
- "No. 16049". The London Gazette. 21 July 1807. p. 974.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Hertford
- Carr, William (1897). . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co.