Francis (given name)

Francis is an English given name of Latin origin.

Francis
Pope Francis South Korea 2014 (1).png
Pronunciation/ˈfrɑːnsɪs, ˈfræn-/[1][2]
GenderMale
Language(s)French, Haitian Creole, Latin
Name dayOctober 4
Origin
Word/nameLatin
MeaningFree man[3]
Other names
Related namesFranciscus, Francisco, Francesco, François, Franz, Franciszek, Francesc, Ferenc, Franco, Frans, Frank, Franklin, Frankie, Franky

Francis is a name that has many derivatives in most European languages. The female version of the name in English is Frances, and (less commonly) Francine.[4] (For most speakers, Francis and Frances are homophones or near homophones; a popular mnemonic for the spelling is "i for him and e for her"). The name Frank is a common diminutive for Francis, and Frannie is for Frances. (Less common is the diminutive Franny, used for either Francis or Frances).

DerivationEdit

Francesco ("the Frenchman" in medieval Italian)[5] was the name given to Saint Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone) by his francophile father,[6] celebrating his trade with French merchants. Due to the renown of the saint, this Italian name became widespread in Western Europe during the Middle Ages in different versions (Francisco, François, etc.). However, it was not regularly used in Britain until the 16th century as Francis.[7]

The name of France itself comes from the Germanic people known as the Franks; the origin of their name is unclear but is thought to mean "free".

The characteristic national weapon of the Franks was the francisca, a throwing axe.

Related names in other languagesEdit

Related names are common in other Western European languages, in countries that are (or were before the Reformation) Catholic. Other non-European languages have also adopted variants of the name. These names include:

List of people with the given name FrancisEdit

AristocracyEdit

FranceEdit

German-speaking countriesEdit

Iberian monarchiesEdit

ItalyEdit

HungaryEdit

ScandinaviaEdit

Religious figuresEdit

AcademicsEdit

Fictional charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Francis". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  2. ^ "Francis". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2016-02-07.
  3. ^ Navarro, Yvonne (2007). First Name Reverse Dictionary: Given Names Listed by Meaning, 2d ed. McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers. pp. 110–112. ISBN 9780786429349.
  4. ^ "Baby Name Statistics". Baby Names - England and Wales, ONS. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  5. ^ Chesterton, Gilbert Keith (1924). "St. Francis of Assisi" (14 ed.). Garden City, New York: Image Books: 158. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Francis" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 933.
  7. ^ Francis