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Frances Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne

Frances Dora Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (née Smith; 29 July 1832–5 February 1922) was a British noblewoman. She was the paternal grandmother of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, and thus a great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II.[2]

The Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Frances Bowes-Lyon.png
Personal details
Born(1832-07-29)29 July 1832
Marylebone, London[1]
Died5 February 1922(1922-02-05) (aged 89)
19 Hans Place, Chelsea, London
Spouse(s)Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
ChildrenClaude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Francis Bowes-Lyon
Ernest Bowes-Lyon
Herbert Bowes-Lyon
Maj. Patrick Bowes-Lyon
Lady Constance Blackburn
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon
Lady Mildred Marion Jessub
Lady Maud Agness Bowes-Lyon
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon
Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon
MotherHenrietta Mildred Hodgson
FatherOswald Smith

Her father was Oswald Smith (7 July 1794–18 June 1863), of Blendon Hall,[3] Bexley, Kent (Bexley being annexed to London only in 1894) and her mother was Henrietta Mildred Hodgson (6 January 1805–19 November 1891). Her paternal grandparents were George Smith and wife Frances Mary Mosley, daughter of Sir John Parker Mosley, 1st Baronet, and wife Elizabeth Bayley, granddaughter of Nicholas Mosley and wife Elizabeth Parker, and sister of Oswald Mosley, 2nd Baronet, great-great-grandfather of Oswald Mosley.

On 28 September 1853, she married Claude Bowes-Lyon. He became the 13th holder of the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne following the death of his brother Thomas in 1865. Frances then assumed the title and style of Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Together the couple had 11 children.[4]

Name Birth Death Spouse(s) Issue
Claude Bowes-Lyon 14 March 1855 7 November 1944 Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938) Violet Bowes-Lyon (1882–1893)
Mary Bowes-Lyon (1883–1961)
Patrick Bowes-Lyon (1884–1949)
John Bowes-Lyon (1886–1930)
Alexander Bowes-Lyon (1887–1911)
Fergus Bowes-Lyon (1889–1915)
Rose Bowes-Lyon (1890–1967)
Michael Bowes-Lyon (1893–1953)
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002)
David Bowes-Lyon (1902–1961)
Francis Bowes-Lyon 23 February 1856 18 February 1948 Anne Lindsay (1858–1936) Muriel Bowes-Lyon (1884–1968)
Charles Bowes-Lyon (1885–1914)
Capt. Geoffrey Bowes-Lyon (1886–1951)
Doris Bowes-Lyon (1887–1918)
Winnifred Bowes-Lyon (1889–1968)
Capt. Ronald Bowes-Lyon (1893–1960)
Lillian Bowes-Lyon (1895–1949)
Ernest Bowes-Lyon 4 August 1858 27 December 1891 Isobel Hester Drummond (1860–1945) Capt. Hubert Bowes-Lyon (1883–1959)
Susan Bowes-Lyon (1884–1885)
Dorothea Bowes-Lyon (1886–1886)
Joan Bowes-Lyon (1888–1954)
Marjorie Bowes-Lyon (1889–1981)
Ernestine Bowes-Lyon (1891–1981)
Herbert Bowes-Lyon 15 August 1860 14 April 1897 Not married No issue
Maj. Patrick Bowes-Lyon 5 March 1863 5 October 1946 Alice Wiltshire (d 1953) Lt. Gavin Bowes-Lyon (1895–1917)
Angus Bowes-Lyon (1899–1923)
Jean Bowes-Lyon (1904–1963)
Margaret Bowes-Lyon (1907–1999)
Lady Constance Bowes-Lyon 8 October 1865 19 November 1951 Robert Francis Leslie Blackburn (d 1944) Phyllis Frances Agnes Blackburn (b 1894)
Leslie Herbert Blackburn (b 1901)
Hilda Constance Helen Blackburn (b 1902)
Claudia Blackburn (1908–2001)
Kenneth Bowes-Lyon 26 April 1867 9 January 1911 Not married No issue
Lady Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon 1868 9 June 1897 Augustus Edward Jessup Alfred Claude Jessup (1891-1953)
Alexander Marion Jessup (b 1895)
Lady Maud Agness Bowes-Lyon 1870 28 February 1941 Not married No issue
Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon 1872 15 March 1876 Not married Died young
Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon 23 April 1874 23 August 1957 Winifred Gurdon Rebow (d 1957) Clodagh Bowes-Lyon (1908–2003)


The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne died on 16 February 1904. The Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne survived him by almost eighteen years. She died at 19 Hans Place, Chelsea, London on 5 February 1922, aged 89. She was buried at Glamis Castle, Angus, the family seat of the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne.


  1. ^ Edward J. Davies, "Some Connections of the Birds of Warwickshire", The Genealogist, 26(2012):58-76.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Kingdom, London Borough of Bexley, Bexley Civic Offices, Broadway, Bexleyheath, Kent, DA6 7LB, United. "Blendon". Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  4. ^ Vickers, page 4