François Langelier

Sir François Langelier, KCMG FRSC (24 December 1838 – 8 February 1915) was a Canadian lawyer, professor, journalist, politician, the tenth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and author. He was born in Sainte-Rosalie, Lower Canada (now Quebec) and died in Spencer Wood, Sillery, Quebec.


François Langelier

Francois Langelier (Livernois).jpg
10th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
In office
May 5, 1911 – February 8, 1915
MonarchGeorge V
Governor General
PremierLomer Gouin
Preceded byCharles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier
Succeeded byPierre-Évariste Leblanc
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Quebec-Centre
In office
February 22, 1887 – January 13, 1898
Preceded byJoseph-Guillaume Bossé
Succeeded byArthur Cyrille Albert Malouin
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Mégantic
In office
June 10, 1884 – February 22, 1887
Preceded byLouis-Israël Côté dit Fréchette
Succeeded byGeorges Turcot
Mayor of Quebec City
In office
Preceded byJean-Docile Brousseau
Succeeded byJules-Joseph-Taschereau Frémont
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Portneuf
In office
May 1, 1878 – December 2, 1881
Preceded byPraxède Larue
Succeeded byJean-Docile Brousseau
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Montmagny
In office
December 16, 1873 – July 7, 1875
Preceded byTélesphore Fournier
Succeeded byAuguste Charles Philippe Robert Landry
Personal details
Born(1838-12-24)24 December 1838
Sainte-Rosalie, Lower Canada
Died8 February 1915(1915-02-08) (aged 76)
Political partyLiberal
  • Virginie Légaré (m. 1864)
  • Marie-Louise Braün (m. 1892)
RelationsCharles Langelier, brother
Children9 (3 of whom died young)
Alma mater
Occupationlawyer, professor, journalist, author

In 1871, he was an unsuccessful candidate to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the riding of Bagot. A Liberal, he was elected in an 1873 by-election for the riding of Montmagny. He was defeated in 1875 but was re-elected in 1878 for the riding of Portneuf. He was Commissioner of Crown Lands and Provincial Treasurer from 1878 to 1879. He was defeated in 1881. From 1880 to 1890, he was a municipal councillor in Quebec City and was mayor from 1882 to 1890.

He was elected to the House of Commons of Canada for Mégantic in an 1884 by-election, after the results for the 1882 election were declared void. He was re-elected for Quebec-Centre in the 1887, 1891, and 1896 elections. He resigned in 1898 when he was appointed a puisne judge of the Quebec Superior Court for the district of Montreal.

He was knighted in 1907 and was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 1909. He was made a knight of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England in 1912 and a knight of the Order of St Michael and St George on 31 December 1913.

From 1911 until his death in 1915, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec.

His brother, Charles Langelier was also an MP from 1887 to 1890.

Quebec and Lake Saint-John Railroad Locomotive Number 9, Named for the Honorable François Langelier


  • Jocelyn Saint-Pierre, "LANGELIER, Sir FRANÇOIS", in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 14, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–.
  • François Langelier – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
  • Francis-J. Audet et al., "Les Lieutenants-Gouverneurs de la province de Québec" (in French), in Les Cahiers des Dix, volume 27, 1962, p. 239–241.