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Fourth grade (also called grade four, equivalent to Year 5 in England and Wales) is a year of elementary education in some countries. In North America, the fourth grade is the fifth school year of elementary school. Students are usually 9 or 10 years old, depending on their birthday, unless they start school earlier or later than the average student. It can be considered a part of elementary school, traditionally providing instruction for young pupils in grades K-6. Each school district does things differently. In some, fourth grade is the first or second year of intermediate school. In others, it may be the last year of elementary.

4th grade class at Acorn Woodland Elementary in Oakland, CA, USA


Argentina's equivalentEdit

In Argentina, the minimum age required for fourth grade is between 8 and 9 years old. In this situation, children who are in the middle of primary school perform the "confirmation of loyalty to the homeland". This is an act in which a child will have to take an oath to defend Argentina for the rest of his or her life. Sometimes children do a trip to Rosario, where they raise the National Flag Memorial (Argentina).[citation needed]

Canada's equivalentEdit

In Canada, the fourth year of elementary education is referred to as Grade 4. Fourth grade is the third last year of elementary schooling in Canada.[1]

China's equivalentEdit

In China, the fourth year of elementary education is referred to as Grade 4. The children are usually 10 or 11 years old at the fourth grade in elementary school.

The Dutch and Belgian equivalentEdit

In The Netherlands, the fourth year of school is called group 6, and the pupils are 9 to 10 years old. Children start school at the age of 4 and end school at the ages of 12 or 13. In Belgium, it is called 4th (study) year. The children are also between the ages of 9 and 10.[citation needed]

France's equivalentEdit

In France, the equivalent to the above grade is the Level 1 Intermediate Course, known by its short form CM1.[citation needed]

Greece's equivalentEdit

In Greece, the fourth school year of primary education school is referred to as the Fourth Grade of Primary (Tetarti - Τετάρτη Δημοτικού).

India's equivalentEdit

In India, where children enter Class 4 at the ages 9 to 10 it is called lower primary , it is known as the fourth grade. 5-7 standard categories as Upper Primary(UP).[2]

Ireland's equivalentEdit

In The Republic of Ireland, the equivalent is Fourth Class or Rang a Ceathair (for 9- to 10-year-olds) which is year 6 of Primary School.{{Citation needed[3]|date=August 2019}}

New Zealand's equivalentEdit

In New Zealand, this level of class is called Standard 3 or Year 5. Children generally start at this level between the ages of nine and ten.[citation needed]

Portugal's equivalentEdit

In Portugal, what North Americans would call the fourth grade (quarto ano, 4º ano to Portuguese people) is the fourth and last year of the four-year 1º Ciclo do Ensino Básico which also includes the first grade, the second grade and the third grade.[4] Students take final exams (provas finais) for Portuguese and Mathematics at the end of the fourth grade since the school year of 2012/2013.[5][6]

United KingdomEdit

In England, compulsory education begins with the first new term of the Reception year following a child's 5th birthday.[7] In practice, many children enter Reception at the beginning of the school year, aged 4. Fourth grade is the equivalent of 'Year 5' (ages 9–10) in England and Wales, Primary 6 in Northern Ireland and Primary 6 in Scotland - the sixth year of compulsory education in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.[8]

United StatesEdit

Fourth grade in the United States is a grade or level in which students are about 9–10 years old. Students study subjects such as math, science, grammar, writing, literature, history (often their state of residence during 4th grade). Most schools also offer health, music, art, and physical education.[citation needed] In the United States as of 2019, 41 states have implemented Common Core State Standards Initiative standards for English/Language Arts and Mathematics[9]

Spain's equivalentEdit

In Spain, Primaria (6 to 12 years old) is compulsory for all children. 4th grade is called cuarto de Primaria or simply cuarto curso. Primaria starts at six years old, so students usually start 4th grade on the year of their tenth birthday. However, there may be eleven year old students because the educational system allows students to repeat a school grade if they do not achieve the passing grade for a specific number of subjects, which varies between schools and the grade that is to be repeated.[awkward][citation needed]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ontario, Government of. "Education Facts, 2017-2018* (Preliminary)". Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  2. ^ Primary education#India
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Ensino Básico e Secundário". (in Portuguese). Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  5. ^ Isabel Leiria (March 26, 2012). "Ministro da Educação anuncia exames nacionais no 4º ano". (in Portuguese). Impresa. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  6. ^ "Alunos do 4.º ano vão ter exames a partir do próximo ano". (in Portuguese). controlinveste. March 26, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  7. ^ "School attendance and absence".
  8. ^ "The national curriculum".
  9. ^ "Development Process - Common Core State Standards Initiative". Common Core State Standards Initiative. Common Core State Standards Initiative. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
Preceded by
Third grade
Fourth grade
age 9-10
Succeeded by
Fifth grade