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Fourth Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

The Fourth Corps was a military unit formed in October 1864 within the Army of Northern Virginia of the Confederate Army.[2] It fought for the Confederate States of America during the late stages of the American Civil War. The corps was commanded by Richard H. Anderson during its short life and was combined with the Second Corps shortly before Lee's surrender on April 9, 1865.

Fourth Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
Battle flag of the Confederate States of America.svg
Confederate battle flag
Active October 19, 1864– April 8, 1865[1]
Country  Confederate States of America
Allegiance  Virginia
Branch  Confederate States Army
Type Army Corps
Role infantry tactics,
trench warfare
Size 2-3 divisions,
9-13 brigades
Part of Army of Northern Virginia
Nickname(s) Anderson's Corps
Engagements

American Civil War

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Richard Anderson

Contents

1864Edit

With the recovery of Lt. General James Longstreet from injury, which allowed him to resume leading the First Corps, a new Fourth Corps was created on October 19, 1864.[3] Commanded by temporary Lt. General Anderson, it was made up of units that before had served around Richmond and Petersburg as part of General Beauregard's Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

1865Edit

The Fourth Corps spent the winter of 1864/5 encamped around Petersburg as part of the Army of Northern Virginia. In April the Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses Grant, broke through the defences and successfully concluded the siege of Richmond, initiating the start of the Appomattox Campaign. The Fourth Corps retreated with the rest of General Lee's Army but was largely destroyed in the Battle of Sailor's Creek, during which several key officers were captured. The survivors were surrendered three days later, on 9 April 1865, at Appomattox Courthouse.

ReferencesEdit

  • Dupuy, Trevor N., Johnson, Curt, and Bongard, David L., Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography, Castle Books, 1992, 1st Ed.,
    ISBN 0-7858-0437-4.
  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • Foote, Shelby, The Civil War: A Narrative: Vol. III Red River to Appomattox, Vintage Books, 1986, ISBN 0-394-74622-8.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Eicher, p.105
  2. ^ Dupuy, p. 40.
  3. ^ Eicher, p. 889.

See alsoEdit