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Foundation Stock Service

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The Foundation Stock Service (FSS) is a breed registry of the American Kennel Club in which breeders can record the birth and parentage of a rare breed they are working to establish in the United States. These dogs provide the foundation stock from which an AKC fully recognized breed might result. These breeds cannot participate in AKC events until at least 150 individual dogs are registered. Thereafter, provisional competition in various events is allowed.

Current FSS breedsEdit

As of 2019, 66 breeds or nascent breeds are recognized in the Foundation Stock Service program.[1]

Dog varieties accepted in the Foundation Stock Service are:

American Leopard Hound Appenzeller Sennenhund Australian Kelpie
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog Basset Fauve de Bretagne Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bohemian Shepherd Bolognese Braque du Bourbonnais
Braque Francais Pyrenean Broholmer Carolina Dog
Catahoula Leopard Dog Caucasian Shepherd Dog Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Croatian Sheepdog Czechoslovakian Vlcak Danish-Swedish Farmdog
Deutscher Wachtelhund Drentsche Patrijshond Drever
Estrela Mountain Dog Eurasier French Spaniel
German Longhaired Pointer German Spitz Hamiltonstövare
Hanoverian Scenthound Hokkaido Hovawart
Jagdterrier Japanese Spitz Jindo
Kai Ken Karelian Bear Dog Kishu Ken
Kromfohrländer Lapponian Herder Mountain Cur
Perro de Presa Canario Porcelaine Portuguese Pointer
Portuguese Sheepdog Pudelpointer Pyrenean Mastiff
Rafeiro do Alentejo Romanian Mioritic Shepherd Dog Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka
Schapendoes Segugio Italiano Shikoku
Slovakian Wirehaired Pointer Slovensky Cuvac Slovensky Kopov
Small Münsterländer Pointer Spanish Mastiff Stabyhoun
Swedish Lapphund Taiwan Dog Thai Ridgeback
Tornjak Tosa Transylvanian Hound
Treeing Tennessee Brindle Working Kelpie Yakutian Laika

Varieties rejected by the FSSEdit

Volpino Italiano[2]

In the summer of 2006, the AKC/FSS rejected inclusion of the Volpino Italiano, citing similarities with the American Eskimo Dog. The Volpino is recognized internationally by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and its member kennel clubs. In the United States, the breed is recognized for conformation showing by the United Kennel Club and the American Rare Breed Association.


  1. ^ "Foundation Stock Service",, American Kennel Club], retrieved July 20, 2019
  2. ^ Volpino Club of the U.S. letter