Fort of Santo Antônio do Gurupá

The Fort of Santo Antônio de Gurupá, located in the current-day city of Gurupá, was a Portuguese military fortification in the 17th and 18th centuries, being actively occupied by the Brazilian military as recently as 1958.[1]

Fort of Santo Antônio de Gurupá
Forte de Santo Antonio de Gurupá
Gurupá, Pará, Brazil
Fort of Santo Antônio de Gurupá - IPHAN Picture 3.jpg
Coordinates1°21′43″S 51°37′15″W / 1.36194°S 51.62083°W / -1.36194; -51.62083
Site information
ConditionRestored in 2018
Site history
In use1963

The original fortification was built by the Dutch between 1601 and 1619, before it was conquered by Portuguese forces led by Pedro Teixeira and Bento Maciel Parente in 1623, who rebuilt it under the name of Santo Antônio de Gurupá.[1]

As of 1958 it was garrisoned by a small detachment of the 8th Military Region of the Brazilian Army. In 1963 it was placed under governmental trust under the authority of the Ministry of Defense (Brazil).[1][2]

The Fort underwent a restoration project between 2014 and 2018, concurrently with excavation projects for archeological artifacts, it was re-inaugurated on 20 April 2018 storing inside a small museum, showcasing the result of the excavation projects. In September 2020, during the Covid-19 Pandemic, the museum within the fort was vandalized.[2][3]



  1. ^ a b c Cruz, Carlos Luís M. C. da; Tonera, Roberto. "Forte de Santo Antonio de Gurupá". (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  2. ^ a b "Exposição: cientistas, gestores e moradores contam a história de Gurupá" [Exhibition: scientists, administrators and residents tell the history of Gurupá]. Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (in Brazilian Portuguese). 20 April 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Denúncia de descaso, vandalismo e depredação do patrimônio cultural em Gurupá é feita ao Ministério Público e ao IPHAN" [Denouncement of neglect, vandalism and depredation of the cultural patrimony of Gurupá is made to the Public Ministry and IPHAN]. Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (in Brazilian Portuguese). 24 September 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2022.