Fort Garland, Colorado
Fort Garland, Colorado
Entering from the south
|• Total||0.37 sq mi (0.97 km2)|
|• Land||0.37 sq mi (0.97 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||7,936 ft (2,419 m)|
|• Density||1,153/sq mi (445.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0192831|
Fort Garland is located at an elevation of 7,936 ft (2,419 m) in northern Costilla County. The town of Blanca is 4 miles (6.4 km) west on U.S. Route 160. Walsenburg is 47 miles (76 km) to the east, across the Sangre de Cristo Range.
Fort Garland was established by the US Army in 1858 to protect settlers from the Utes in the San Luis Valley, which was then part of the New Mexico Territory. The fort was abandoned in 1883 following the confinement of the tribes to Indian reservation in Utah territory and Colorado. The Fort Garland Museum preserves some of the historic buildings from the fort.
Fort Garland is referred to as the "Gateway to the San Luis Valley", as it is the first town one encounters when traveling west having crossed over La Veta Pass in the Sangre de Cristo Range. Fort Garland is home to many artists, painters, crafters and internationally known musicians.
Fort Garland has a business district with two motels, several restaurants, the Old Fort Market grocery store, the Fort Garland Museum, two gas stations, two recreational marijuana shops, a car wash, hair salon, campgrounds, hardware store, liquor store, and multiple shops featuring collectibles and antiquities as well as a Wild West show.
The Annual Fort Garland Band Jam Music Festival features local and regional musicians, as well as nationally and internationally recognized musical talent. This summer event, usually held in mid-July, includes an open-air market, local food vendors offering up traditional and regional cuisine, a beer garden, and children's activities. The music offered covers numerous styles, from traditional Spanish guitar to R&B to rock and roll.
The Blanca/Fort Garland Community Center is open to residents and the public on daily, monthly or annual fees.
The Entrada Visitor's Center offers information on local and regional points of interest, such as the Great Sand Dunes, the Colorado 'Gator farm, UFO Watchtower and other activities located within the San Luis Valley.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 432 people, 152 households, and 120 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,514.5 people per square mile (575.2/km²). There were 164 housing units at an average density of 574.9 per square mile (218.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 53.01% White, 0.69% African American, 2.31% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 36.81% from other races, and 5.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 72.22% of the population.
There were 152 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.4% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $18,929, and the median income for a family was $25,833. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,470. About 23.4% of families and 31.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.3% of those under age 18 and 28.9% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Colorado Trend Report 2: State and Complete Places (Sub-state 2010 Census Data). Archived 2012-07-11 at Archive.today Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed 2011-02-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fort Garland CDP, Colorado". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- Fort Garland
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
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