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Forfarshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Forfarshire was a Scottish county constituency represented in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 until 1800, and then in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom until 1950.

Forfarshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandForfarshire
17081950
Number of membersOne
Replaced byNorth Angus & Mearns
South Angus
Created fromForfarshire

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Contents

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland shire constituency of Forfarshire .

BoundariesEdit

The Representation of the People Act 1918 defined the constituency as consisting of the county of Forfar, except the county of the city of Dundee and the burghs of Montrose, Arbroath, Brechin, and Forfar. The four excepted burghs formed part of the Montrose District of Burghs.[1]

The county of Forfarshire was renamed Angus in 1928.[2] However, no change was made in the name of the constituency prior to its abolition.

HistoryEdit

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was abolished for the 1950 general election.[3][4][5][6][7]

The constituency was abolished under the Representation of the People Act 1948, which reorganised parliamentary boundaries throughout the United Kingdom. The seat was divided between North Angus and Mearns (which also included Kincardineshire) and South Angus.[8]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Lauderdale Maule Unopposed
Registered electors 2,873
Whig hold

Maule was appointed Surveyor-General of the Ordnance, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 25 February 1853: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Lauderdale Maule Unopposed
Whig hold

Maule's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 11 October 1854: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Adam Haldane-Duncan Unopposed
Whig hold

Haldane-Duncan was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 10 March 1855: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Adam Haldane-Duncan Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1857: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Adam Haldane-Duncan Unopposed
Registered electors 3,288
Whig hold
General election 1859: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Haldane-Duncan Unopposed
Registered electors 3,421
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Haldane-Duncan succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Camperdown, and causing a by-election.

By-election, 1 February 1860: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Carnegie Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1865: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Carnegie Unopposed
Registered electors 2,108
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Carnegie Unopposed
Registered electors 3,379
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Carnegie resigned after being appointed Inspector of Constabulary for Scotland.

By-election, 16 Dec 1872: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Barclay 1,481 56.8 N/A
Conservative James Ramsay 1,128 43.2 N/A
Majority 353 13.5 N/A
Turnout 2,609 72.4 N/A
Registered electors 3,603
Liberal hold
General election 1874: Forfarshire [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Barclay Unopposed
Registered electors 3,619
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Forfarshire [17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Barclay Unopposed
Registered electors 3,634
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Forfarshire [19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James William Barclay 6,157 76.9 N/A
Conservative William Alexander Lindsay 1,851 23.1 N/A
Majority 4,306 53.8 N/A
Turnout 8,008 71.3 N/A
Registered electors 11,232
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1886: Forfarshire [19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist James William Barclay 3,839 52.8 +29.7
Liberal David Charles Guthrie 3,432 47.2 -29.7
Majority 407 5.6 N/A
Turnout 7,271 64.7 −6.6
Registered electors 11,232
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +29.7

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Forfarshire [21][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Rigby 4,943 54.8 +7.6
Liberal Unionist James William Barclay 4,077 45.2 -7.6
Majority 866 9.6 N/A
Turnout 9,020 79.8 +15.1
Registered electors 11,307
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +7.6

Rigby is appointed Solicitor General for England and Wales, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 1892: Forfarshire[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Rigby Unopposed
Liberal hold

Rigby resigns after being appointed a Lord Justice of Appeal, triggering a by-election.

1894 Forfarshire by-election[22][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Maule Ramsay 5,145 51.4 +6.2
Liberal Henry Robson 4,859 48.6 -6.2
Majority 286 2.8 N/A
Turnout 10,004 83.3 +3.5
Registered electors 12,010
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.2
General election 1895: Forfarshire [23][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Martin White 5,159 52.2 −2.6
Conservative Charles Maule Ramsay 4,718 47.8 +2.6
Majority 441 4.4 −5.2
Turnout 9,877 82.2 +2.4
Registered electors 12,010
Liberal hold Swing −2.6

White resigns, triggering a by-election.

 
Sinclair
1897 Forfar by-election[23][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sinclair 5,423 52.2 +0.0
Conservative Charles Maule Ramsay 4,965 47.8 -0.0
Majority 458 4.4 0.0
Turnout 10,388 85.1 +2.9
Registered electors 12,200
Liberal hold Swing +0.0

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Forfarshire [23][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sinclair 4,962 51.3 −0.9
Conservative Charles Maule Ramsay 4,714 48.7 +0.9
Majority 248 2.6 −1.8
Turnout 9,676 78.6 −3.6
Registered electors 12,313
Liberal hold Swing −0.9
General election 1906: Forfarshire [24][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Sinclair 6,796 67.5 +16.2
Liberal Unionist J. Mackay Bernard 3,277 32.5 −16.2
Majority 3,519 35.0 +32.4
Turnout 10,073 79.7 +1.1
Registered electors 12,644
Liberal hold Swing +16.2
 
Falconer
Forfarshire by-election, 1909[25][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Falconer 6,422 61.8 −5.7
Conservative Robert Blackburn 3,970 38.2 +5.7
Majority 2,452 23.6 −11.4
Turnout 10,392 81.3 +1.6
Registered electors 12,778
Liberal hold Swing −5.7

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Forfarshire [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Falconer 6,789 61.3 -0.5
Conservative Robert Blackburn 4,284 38.7 +0.5
Majority 2,505 21.4 -1.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -0.5
General election December 1910: Forfarshire[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Falconer 6,449 59.5 -1.8
Conservative James B Duncan 4,397 40.5 +1.8
Majority 2,052 19.0 -3.6
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -1.8
General election 1918: Forfarshire[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William T. Shaw 5,697 52.4 +11.9
Liberal James Falconer 5,179 47.6 −11.9
Majority 518 4.8 n/a
Turnout 10,876 44.2
Registered electors 24,611
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +11.9

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Forfarshire[27][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Falconer 8,567 54.8 +7.2
Unionist William T. Shaw 7,071 45.2 −7.2
Majority 1,496 9.6 n/a
Turnout 15,638 65.0 +20.8
Registered electors 24,040
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +7.2
General election 1923: Forfarshire[27][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Falconer 7,605 52.9 −1.9
Unionist William T. Shaw 6,758 47.1 +1.9
Majority 847 5.8 −3.8
Turnout 14,363 60.3 −4.7
Registered electors 23,828
Liberal hold Swing −1.9
General election 1924: Forfarshire[27][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Hope 8,022 49.1 +2.0
Liberal James Falconer 4,581 28.0 −24.9
Labour Charles Gallie 3,736 22.9 n/a
Majority 3,441 21.1 n/a
Turnout 16,339 68.3 +8.0
Registered electors 23,916
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +13.5
General election 1929: Forfarshire[27][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Hope 8,852 42.2 −6.9
Liberal William Scott 6,901 32.8 +4.8
Labour Charles Gallie 5,257 25.0 +2.1
Majority 1,951 9.4 −11.7
Turnout 21,010 70.7 +2.4
Registered electors 29,737
Unionist hold Swing −5.9

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Forfarshire[27][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William T. Shaw 13,912 61.4 +19.2
Liberal William Scott 8,731 38.6 +5.8
Majority 5,181 22.8 +13.4
Turnout 75.2 +4.5
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1935: Forfarshire[27][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William T. Shaw 13,505 60.2 -1.2
Liberal William Scott 8,922 39.8 +1.2
Majority 4,583 20.4 -2.4
Turnout 71.5 -3.7
Unionist hold Swing -1.2

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1939/40:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1945: Forfarshire[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Simon Ramsay 13,615 51.6 -8.6
Labour E Douglas 8,199 31.1 n/a
Liberal Philip Fothergill 4,575 17.3 -22.5
Majority 5,416 20.5 +0.1
Turnout 69.1 -2.4
Unionist hold Swing n/a

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule, Part II, Parliamentary Counties in Scotland
  2. ^ "Angus - What's in a name". Angus Council. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
  3. ^ "Forfarshire (Angus)". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Forfarshire (Angus)". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Forfarshire (Angus)". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Forfarshire (Angus)". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Forfarshire (Angus)". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  8. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Part III: Scotland
  9. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"
  10. ^ a b c d Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 202. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "Forfarshire". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 19 June 1841. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 11 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "County of Forfar". Edinburgh Evening Courant. 17 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 14 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ a b The Annual Register, or a View of the History and Politics, of the Year 1841. J. G. & F. Rivington. 1842. p. 65. Retrieved 8 April 2018 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 75. Retrieved 26 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 134–136. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  16. ^ "South Eastern Gazette". 17 October 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 14 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  18. ^ The Times, April 1880.
  19. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  21. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  22. ^ "Election Intelligence: Forfarshire". The Times. 20 November 1894. p. 6.
  23. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
  24. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  25. ^ The Times, 2 March 1909 p8
  26. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench illustrated with 500 armorial engravings (PDF). London: Dean & Son. 1918. p. 221. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  28. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  29. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  30. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  31. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  32. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  33. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  34. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939