Ford DLD engine
The Ford DLD engine is an automobile engine family - a group of compact straight-4 Diesel engines developed jointly by Ford of Britain and the automotive-diesel specialist PSA Group (Peugeot/Citroën). The Ford of Britain/PSA joint-venture for the production of the DLD/DV was announced in September, 1998. Half of the total engine count are produced at Ford of Britain's main plant at Dagenham, England and at Ford's Chennai plant in India, the other half at PSA's Trémery plant in France.
|Manufacturer||Ford of Britain & PSA Group|
|Also called||DuraTorq TDCi|
|Valvetrain||SOHC 2 valves x cyl.|
DOHC 4 valves x cyl.
|Turbocharger||BorgWarner KP35 or Garrett GT1544V Variable-geometry with intercooler (some versions)|
|Fuel system||Common rail Direct injection|
|Management||Delphi Corp. DCR1400, Bosch, Siemens SID804 or SID802|
|Power output||55–125 PS (40–92 kW; 54–123 hp)|
|Torque output||130–320 N⋅m (96–236 lb⋅ft)|
|Emissions target standard||Euro 3 - Euro 5|
|Emissions control technology||Diesel particulate filter (DPF)|
The straight-4 engines are sold under the DuraTorq TDCi name by Ford, and as the HDi by Citroën and Peugeot. Mazda also uses the Ford-made DLD engine in the Mazda2 and the Mazda 3, calling it the MZ-CD or CiTD.
Officially, there are two families of engines in the range:
- The 1.4 L DLD-414 is generally non-intercooled
- The 1.5 L derived from the 1.6 L
- The 1.6 L DLD-416 is always intercooled
In 2012, Ford added the 1.5-litre, closely derived from the 1.6-litre engine.
The Duratorq DLD-414 (or DV4) is a 1.4 L (1398 cm³) straight-4 turbo-diesel. Output is 68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) at 4500 rpm and 160 N⋅m (118 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm.
The DV4 is available in two versions:
- One, a SOHC 8-valve design, uses a BorgWarner KP35 turbocharger but no intercooler. This is the same turbocharger as the Renault K9K Diesel. It is Euro 3 compliant, but will receive a Diesel particulate filter from 2006 to make it Euro 4 compliant. In Ford, Mazda, and most PSA applications it uses a Siemens SID804 or SID802 common rail injection system. In some PSA applications a Bosch common rail system is used.
- A second version uses a DOHC 16-valve design, with an intercooled variable-geometry turbocharger. This engine uses Delphi Corp.'s DCR1400 common-rail injection system. This derivation will no longer be built from 2006, as it will not be able to comply with the EURO4 regulations.
|DV4 TD||70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
|DV4 TED4||92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
The Duratorq DLD-415 (or DV5) is a 1.5 L (1499 cm³) straight-4 turbo-diesel. Output is 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) to 130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) at 3500 rpm to 3750 rpm and 230 N⋅m (170 lb⋅ft) to 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm.
The DV5 has a DOHC 16-valve design, with an intercooled variable-geometry turbocharger (for example, Garrett GT1544V), and with Diesel particulate filter is Euro 6 compliant. In 2011 the 16V DOHC was reduced to 8V and only SOHC and called DV5RE/DV5RD/DV5/DV5RC.
|DV5 RE||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV5 RD||102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV5||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV5RC||130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
The DLD-416 (or DV6) is a 1.6 L (1560 cm³) UK-built version used by Ford, Volvo, PSA, Mini and Mazda.
The DV6 has a DOHC 16-valve design, with an intercooled variable-geometry turbocharger (for example, Garrett GT1544V), and with Diesel particulate filter is Euro 5 compliant. In 2011 the 16V DOHC was reduced to 8V and only SOHC and called DV-6C/DV-6D
|DV6 ATED4||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV6 B||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV6 TED4||110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 16-valve|
|DV6 C||111 PS (82 kW; 109 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
|DV6 D||92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
|DV6 FE||75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
|DV6 FD||95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
|DV6 FC||120 PS (88 kW; 118 hp)||Turbo-Diesel 8-valve|
The Duratorq DLD-418 is a 1.8 L (1753 cm³) intercooled common rail diesel engine. It is only a DLD by name, since it is completely unrelated to the 1.4/1.6 units, and is derived from Ford's own 1.8 8v Endura-D engine that saw service through the 1980s and 1990s. However, Ford considers it part of the DLD family, as evidenced by the official "DLD" name.
The Endura-D was heavily revised and updated with a variable-vane turbocharger and a Delphi high-pressure common rail injection system and relaunched in 2001 as the DuraTorq TDCi, with the original engine being rebadged 'DuraTorq TDDi'.
The output of the original 2001 unit is 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 3800 rpm and 250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft) at 1850 rpm. In August 2002, a version appeared in the Ford Focus with reduced power, producing 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp) at 3850 rpm and 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm. Early 2005 saw the more powerful unit's torque boosted to 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) at 1900 rpm, with power remaining unchanged at 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp).
The latest versions of the DLD-418 were released with the 2007 Ford Mondeo. One has an output of 99 PS (73 kW; 98 hp) at 3850 rpm and 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm. The more powerful variant has an output of 125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp) at 3700 rpm and 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 1800 rpm.
See also: