For a Few Dollars More

For a Few Dollars More (Italian: Per qualche dollaro in più) is a 1965 spaghetti Western film directed by Sergio Leone. It stars Clint Eastwood and Lee Van Cleef as bounty hunters and Gian Maria Volonté as the primary villain.[6] German actor Klaus Kinski plays a supporting role as a secondary villain. The film was an international co-production among Italy, West Germany, and Spain.[7][8] The film was released in the United States in 1967, and is the second part of what is commonly known as the Dollars Trilogy.

For a Few Dollars More
For a Few Dollars More-ita-poster.jpg
Italian theatrical release poster
Directed bySergio Leone
Screenplay byLuciano Vincenzoni
Sergio Leone
Sergio Donati (uncredited)
Story by
  • Sergio Leone
  • Fulvio Morsella
Produced byAlberto Grimaldi
Starring
CinematographyMassimo Dallamano
Edited by
Music byEnnio Morricone
Production
companies
Produzioni Europee Associati (PEA)
Arturo González Producciones Cinematográficas
Constantin Film
Distributed byPEA (Italy)
United Artists (US & UK)
Release date
  • December 30, 1965 (1965-12-30) (Italy)
Running time
132 minutes
CountriesItaly
West Germany
Spain
LanguagesItalian
English
Budget$600,000[1][2]
Box office$5 million (Italy)[3]
272 million pesetas (Spain)[4]
$15 million (United States and Canada)[5]

PlotEdit

The man that many call Manco is a bounty hunter, a profession shared by a former army officer, Colonel Douglas Mortimer. Eventually, the two learn that a ruthless, cold-blooded bank robber, "El Indio," has been broken out of prison by his gang, slaughtering all but one of his jailers. While murdering the family of the man who captured him, Indio carries a musical pocketwatch that he had taken from a young woman, who had shot herself as he was raping her, after he had murdered her husband. The incident has haunted Indio, and he smokes an addictive drug to cloud his memory.

Indio plans to rob the Bank of El Paso, which has a disguised safe containing "almost a million dollars." Manco arrives in the town and becomes aware of Mortimer, who arrived earlier. He sees Mortimer deliberately insult the hunchback Wild, who is reconnoitering the bank. Manco confronts Mortimer after the two have studied each other, and they decide to work together as neither intends to back down. Mortimer persuades Manco to join Indio's gang and "get him between two fires." Manco achieves this by freeing a friend of Indio's from prison despite Indio's suspicions.

Indio sends Manco and three others to rob the bank in nearby Santa Cruz. Manco guns down the three bandits and sends a false telegraphic alarm to rouse the El Paso sheriff and his posse, who ride to Santa Cruz. The gang blast the wall at the rear of the El Paso bank and steal the safe, but are unable to open it. Groggy is angry when Manco is the only one to return from Santa Cruz, but Indio accepts Manco's version of events thanks to Mortimer having given Manco a convincing wound. The gang rides to the small border town of Agua Caliente where Mortimer, who anticipated their destination, is waiting. Wild recognises Mortimer, forcing a showdown that results in the hunchback's death before Mortimer offers his services to Indio to crack open the safe without using explosives. Indio locks the money in a strongbox and says that the loot will be divided after a month.

Manco and Mortimer break into the strongbox and hide the money, only to be caught immediately afterwards and beaten up. Mortimer has secured the strongbox lock, however, and Indio believes that the money is still there. Later that night, Indio has his lieutenant, Niño, kill the guard stationed to guard Manco and Mortimer with a knife belonging to Cuchillo. Once Niño has freed the prisoners, Indio reveals that he knew they are bounty hunters and executes Cuchillo to make it appear he betrayed the gang, while sending his men after Manco and Mortimer in hopes they would all kill each other so that he can split the money just between Niño and himself. But Groggy realizes the scheme and forces Indio to open the strong box after killing Niño, only for the two to find it empty. Eventually, after he and Manco kill the bandits, Mortimer calls out Indio while revealing his full name. Mortimer shoots Groggy as he runs for cover, but is disarmed by Indio, who plays the pocketwatch while challenging the bounty hunter to regain his weapon and kill him when the music ends. But as the music ends, the same tune begins from an identical pocketwatch which Manco has pilfered from Mortimer. Manco gives his own gunbelt and pistol to Mortimer, saying: "Now we start." When the music ends, Mortimer shoots first, killing Indio.

Mortimer retrieves the watch from Indio's hand and Manco remarks on Mortimer's resemblance to the woman in the photographs. Mortimer reveals that he is her brother and, with his revenge complete, declines his share of the bounty and leaves. Manco tosses the bodies of Indio and his men into a wagon, finally adding Groggy's body after killing him, and rides off to collect the bounties on them all, briefly pausing to recover the stolen money from its hiding place.

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

After the box-office success of A Fistful of Dollars in Italy, director Sergio Leone and his new producer, Alberto Grimaldi, wanted to begin production of a sequel, but they needed to get Clint Eastwood to agree to star in it. Eastwood was not ready to commit to a second film when he had not even seen the first. Quickly, the filmmakers rushed an Italian-language print (a U.S. version did not yet exist) of Per un pugno di dollari to him. The star then gathered a group of friends for a debut screening at CBS Production Center and, not knowing what to expect, tried to keep expectations low by downplaying the film. As the reels unspooled, however, Eastwood's concerns proved to be unfounded. The audience may not have understood Italian, but in terms of style and action, the film spoke volumes. "Everybody enjoyed it just as much as if it had been in English," Eastwood recalled. Soon, he was on the phone with the filmmakers' representative: "Yeah, I'll work for that director again," he said. Charles Bronson was again approached for a starring role but he passed, citing that the sequel's script was like the first film.[9] Instead, Lee Van Cleef accepted the role. Eastwood received $50,000 for returning in the sequel, while Van Cleef received $17,000.[1]

Screenwriter Luciano Vincenzoni wrote the film in nine days.[10] However, Leone was dissatisfied with some of the script's dialogue, and hired Sergio Donati to work as an uncredited script doctor.[11]

ProductionEdit

The film was shot in Tabernas, Almería, Spain, with interiors done at Rome's Cinecittà Studios.[1] The production designer Carlo Simi built the town of "El Paso" in the Almería desert;[12] it still exists, as the tourist attraction Mini Hollywood.[13] The town of Agua Caliente, where Indio and his gang flee after the bank robbery, was really Los Albaricoques, a small "pueblo blanco" on the Níjar plain.

Post-productionEdit

As all of the film's footage was shot MOS (i.e. without recording sound at time of shooting), Eastwood and Van Cleef returned to Italy where they dubbed over their dialogue, and sound effects were added.[14] Although it is explicitly stated in the movie that the Colonel Mortimer character is originally from the Carolinas, Van Cleef opted to perform his dialogue using his native New Jersey accent rather than a Southern accent.[15]

MusicEdit

The musical score was composed by Ennio Morricone, who had previously collaborated with director Leone on A Fistful of Dollars. Under Leone's explicit direction, Morricone began writing the score before production had started, as Leone often shot to the music on set.[16] The music is notable for its blend of diegetic and non-diegetic moments through a recurring motif that originates from the identical pocket watches belonging to El Indio and Colonel Mortimer.[17] "The music that the watch makes transfers your thought to a different place," said Morricone. "The character itself comes out through the watch but in a different situation every time it appears."[18]

For a Few Dollars More
Soundtrack album by
Released1965 (Original album)
GenreSoundtrack
LabelRCA Italiana
Ennio Morricone chronology
Se non avessi più te
(1965)
For a Few Dollars More
(1965)
Idoli controluce
(1966)

A soundtrack album was originally released in Italy by RCA Italiana.[19] In the United States, Hugo Montenegro released a cover version as did Billy Strange and Leroy Holmes who released a cover version of the soundtrack album with the original American poster art. Maurizio Graf sang a vocal "Occhio Per Occhio"/"An Eye For An Eye" to the music of the cue "Sixty Seconds to What?". Graf’s performance(s) did not appear in the film but were released as tie-in 45 RPM records.

All tracks are written by Ennio Morricone.

Track listing
No.TitleLength
1."La Resa Dei Conti"3:06
2."Osservatori Osservati"2:01
3."Il Vizio Di Uccidere"2:24
4."Il Colpo"2:21
5."Addio Colonnello"1:44
6."Per Qualche Dollaro In Più"2:50
7."Poker D'Assi"1:15
8."Carillon"1:10

Release and receptionEdit

Box officeEdit

For a Few Dollars More was released in Italy on December 30, 1965 as Per Qualche Dollaro in Più.[20]

The film proved to be even more commercially successful than its predecessor.[21] By 1967, the film became the highest-grossing film in Italy with a gross of 3.1 billion lire (US$5 million) from 14,543,161 admissions.[22][23][3][24]

The film opened in Spain on August 17, 1966 as La muerte tenía un precio and became the highest-grossing Spanish film of all-time with a gross of 272 million pesetas.[4]

It was the seventh most popular film at the French box office in 1966.[25]

In the United States, the film debuted on May 10, 1967, four months after the release of A Fistful of Dollars, grossing $5 million.[20]

Critical receptionEdit

It initially received mediocre reviews from critics. Bosley Crowther of The New York Times said, "The fact that this film is constructed to endorse the exercise of murderers, to emphasize killer bravado and generate glee in frantic manifestations of death is, to my mind, a sharp indictment of it as so-called entertainment in this day."[26] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times described the film as "one great old Western cliché after another" and said that it "is composed of situations and not plots."[27] Its platitudinous character immediately laid it open to parody and one followed in the same year as Lando Buzzanca's For a Few Dollars Less (1966).[20]

The film has since grown in popularity, while also gaining more positive feedback from contemporary critics. The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports a 92% approval rating with an average rating of 8/10 based on 36 reviews. The website's consensus reads, "With Clint Eastwood in the lead, Ennio Morricone on the score, and Sergio Leone's stylish direction, For a Few Dollars More earns its recognition as a genre classic."[28]

In a retrospective review of the Dollars Trilogy, Paul Martinovic of Den of Geek said, "For A Few Dollars More is often overlooked in the trilogy, awkwardly sandwiched between both the original film and the best-known, but it's a stunning film in its own right."[29] Paolo Sardinas of MovieWeb said, "Eastwood gives it his all and turns in another iconic performance along with scene stealer Lee Van Cleef, who helps make For a Few Dollars More twice as good as its predecessor."[30] Film historian Richard Schickel, in his biography of Clint Eastwood, believed that this was the best film in the trilogy, arguing that it was "more elegant and complex than A Fistful of Dollars and more tense and compressed than The Good, the Bad and the Ugly." Director Alex Cox considered the church scene to be one of "the most horrible deaths" of any Western, describing Volonté's Indio as the "most diabolical Western villain of all time."[31]

British journalist Kim Newman said that the film changed the way bounty hunters were viewed by audiences. It moved them away from a "profession to be ashamed of," one with a "(ranking) lower than a card sharp on the Western scale of worthwhile citizens," to one of heroic respectability.[32][33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Hughes, p. 8.
  2. ^ Munn, p. 54.
  3. ^ a b "Top Italian Film Grossers". Variety. October 11, 1967. p. 33.
  4. ^ a b "All-Time Spanish Top-Grossing Pics". Variety. May 7, 1986. p. 390.
  5. ^ "For a Few Dollars More, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
  6. ^ Variety film review; February 16, 1966, p. 6.
  7. ^ Dolores Martinez (May 25, 2009). Remaking Kurosawa: Translations and Permutations in Global Cinema. Palgrave Macmillan US. pp. 206–. ISBN 978-0-230-62167-1. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  8. ^ John White (November 30, 2010). Westerns. Taylor & Francis. pp. 48–. ISBN 978-1-136-85559-7. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  9. ^ Munn, p. 53.
  10. ^ Schwartz, John (September 25, 2013). "Luciano Vincenzoni, Screenwriter, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
  11. ^ For a Few Dollars More (Tre Voci – For a Few Dollars More) (Blu-ray disc). Los Angeles, California: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 1967.
  12. ^ Munn, p. 56.
  13. ^ Frayling, Christopher (2006) [1981]. "Preface". Spaghetti Westerns: Cowboys and Europeans from Karl May to Sergio Leone. New York, USA: I.B. Tauris. p. ix. ISBN 1-84511-207-5.
  14. ^ Munn, p. 57.
  15. ^ Sir Christopher Frayling, For a Few Dollars More audio commentary. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
  16. ^ Hodgkinson, Will (July 14, 2006). "A Fistful of Dollars? It's my worst ever score'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  17. ^ Leinberger, Charles (September 1, 2004). Ennio Morricone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: A Film Score Guide. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 35. ISBN 9780810851320. Archived from the original on April 30, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  18. ^ Doran, John (April 8, 2010). "Ennio Morricone Interviewed: "Compared To Bach, I'm Practically Unemployed"". The Quietus. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  19. ^ Smith, Jeffrey (November 15, 1998). The Sounds of Commerce: Marketing Popular Film Music. Columbia University Press. p. 135.
  20. ^ a b c Hughes, p. 10.
  21. ^ Hughes, Howard (December 9, 2004). Once Upon a Time in the Italian West: A Filmgoer's Guide to Spaghetti Westerns. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 53.
  22. ^ Smith, Jeffrey Paul (November 15, 1998). The Sounds of Commerce: Marketing Popular Film Music. Columbia University Press. p. 135. ISBN 9780231108638. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  23. ^ Monaco, Eitel (October 11, 1967). "Italian Films Succeed Alone And With U.S.A.". Variety. p. 29.
  24. ^ "La classifica dei film più visti di sempre al cinema in Italia". movieplayer.it. January 25, 2016. Archived from the original on May 25, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  25. ^ "French Box Office 1966". Box Office Story. Archived from the original on November 14, 2020. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  26. ^ Crowther, Bosley (July 4, 1967). "Screen: 'For Few Dollars More' Opens: Trans-Lux West Shows New Eastwood Film 2 Rivals in Murder Are Presented as Heroes". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  27. ^ Ebert, Roger (May 15, 1967). "For a Few Dollars More (1967)". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on March 24, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  28. ^ "For a Few Dollars More (Per Qualche Dollaro in Più)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on March 9, 2015. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  29. ^ Martinovic, Paul (January 18, 2013). "Looking back at Sergio Leone's Dollars trilogy". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  30. ^ Sardinas, Paolo (September 21, 2009). "For a Few Dollars More DVD". MovieWeb. WATCHR Media. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  31. ^ Cox, Alex. "Blood, Guts, and Bullets". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 26, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
  32. ^ Newman, Kim (1990). Wild West Movies: How the West was found, won, lost, lied about, filmed and forgotten. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 127–128. ISBN 0747507473.
  33. ^ Newman, p. 127.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit