Football is one of the most popular sports, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Seoul. It hosted several of South Korea's leading football clubs and has the biggest football stadium in the country, the Seoul World Cup Stadium.

History edit

In June 1882, although the crew from HMS Flying Fish of the Royal Navy introduced the football in Port of Incheon, Regularized football introduction was the time of adoption of football as physical education course at National Seoul Foreign Language School in 1904 and the first official match in Korea was the game between Korea Sports Club and Korea YMCA at Seoul Dongdaemun Stadium in 1905.

In 1902, establishment of football team at Paichai Academy in Seoul (currently Paichai High School FC), There was a footballing boom throughout the Korea. that saw many football clubs and school teams formed by the 1910s. Also in Seoul, many famous football clubs like Bulgyo Cheongnyeonhoe (불교청년회, Buddhist Youth Club), Geongang Gurakbu (건강구락부, Health Club) and Joseon Football Culb (조선축구단) were founded between the 1910s and 1920s, and they usually had a rivalry against football clubs in Pyongyang, the second biggest city in Korea. In 1933 Kyungsung FC, named according to Seoul's alternate name, was formed and it was the only Korean club which won the Emperor's Cup in Japan.

Clubs edit

Current clubs edit

  • Men's Football
Tier League Club Home Stadium Period
Top K League 1 FC Seoul Dongdaemun Stadium
Seoul World Cup Stadium (North Seoul)
2nd K League 2 Seoul E-Land FC Mokdong Stadium (South Seoul) 2015–present
3rd National League N/A N/A N/A
4th K3 League Seoul Nowon United Seoul Olympic Stadium
Hyochang Stadium
Nowon Madeul Stadium
2007–2009, 2012
Seoul FC Martyrs Gangbuk Public Stadium 2009–2015
Jungnang Chorus Mustang Jungnang Public Ground 2012–present
  • Women's Football
Tier League Club Home Stadium Period
Top WK League Seoul WFC Hyochang Stadium, Seoul Olympic Auxiliary Stadium 2004

Defunct clubs edit

  • Not Franchised Period 1983–1986 : K League Clubs had franchise but clubs played the all game of round at one stadium.
  • Franchised Period 1987–present : K League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
Club Home Stadium Period Notes
Kyungsung FC Seoul Stadium 1933–1953
Seoul FC Mokdong Stadium 1973–2003 Korean National Semi-Professional Football League Champions: (1978 Spring, 1980 Spring, 1985 Autumn, 1988 Spring, 1989 Autumn)
National Football Championship Winner: (1980, 1982, 1986)
Yukong Elephants Dongdaemun Stadium 1983 First professional football club based in the Seoul.
But club's franchise was Seoul+Incheon+Gyeonggi
1984–1986 Yukong Elephants separated Incheon+Gyeonggi and based in the only Seoul.
But they didn't have home matches in Seoul.
Ilhwa Chunma Dongdaemun Stadium 1989–1995[1] First professional Football club based in the only Seoul and had home matches in Seoul.
Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso
LG Cheetahs
Dongdaemun Stadium 1990–1995[1] Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso demanded that original franchise should be Seoul.[1]
But board of K League didn't allow and launchecd at Chungcheong franchise.

Moved to Seoul in 1990 from Chungcheong.

Yukong Elephants Dongdaemun Stadium 1991–1995[1] Moved to Incheon+Gyeonggi in 1987, and then returned in 1991.
Seoul Pabal FC Eunpyeong-gu-rip Stadium 2007–2008 K3 League founding club member.
Nowon Hummel FC Madeul Stadium 2008–2009

[1] The board of K League forced the three clubs Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants out of the city in 1996.
Therefore, Seoul's 3 clubs had to leave Seoul for another city in accordance with the K League's decentralization policy and relocated not their own wills as below:.
Ilhwa Chunma relocated to Cheonan, LG Cheetahs to Anyang and Yukong Elephants to Bucheon.

Honours edit

Only counting the seasons, in which the franchises were based in Seoul.

Domestic edit

  • League titles
Tier League Club Champions Runners-up
Top K League 1 FC Seoul 4 (1990, 2010, 2012, 2016) 2 (1993, 2008)
Ilhwa Chunma 3 (1993, 1994, 1995) 1 (1992)
Yukong Elephants 0 1 (1994)
2nd National Semi-Professional Football League Seoul FC 5 (1978 Spring, 1980 Spring, 1985 Autumn, 1988 Spring, 1989 Autumn) 1 (1978 Autumn)
3rd K3 League Seoul Nowon United 1 (2007) 0
Club Winners Runners-up
FC Seoul 2 (2006, 2010) 3 (1992, 1994, 2007)
Ilhwa Chunma 1 (1992) 1 (1994)
Club Winners Runners-up
FC Seoul 1 (2015) 3 (2014, 2016, 2022)
Club Winners Runners-up
Seoul FC 3 (1980, 1982, 1986) 0

International edit

Club Winners Runners-up
Ilhwa Chunma 1 (1995) 0
FC Seoul 0 1 (2013)

Women's domestic edit

Tier League Club Winners Runners-up
Top WK League Seoul WFC 0 1 (2013)

Seoul derbies edit

The Seoul derbies started in 1990, with competing three football clubs: Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants also participated in 1991. This derby was called Dongdaemun derby and first derby proper in K League. Many Korean football fans called Dongdaemun Derby because three clubs used Dongdaemun Stadium as their home together. The highlight match of the derbies was the K League 28-round match between Ilhwa Chunma and Yukong Elephants at Dongdaemun Stadium on 9 November 1994. This match was also famous for both teams' great goalkeepers: Valeri Sarychev of Ilhwa Chunma and Aleksandr Podshivalov of Yukong Elephants from Lev Yashin Club. Yukong Elephants beat Ilhwa Chunma 2–0 in this round, and took the derby with a one-point difference. The Seoul derbies stopped in 1995, due to the board of K League forcing the three original clubs out of the city in 1996.

Seoul Dongdaemun derby edit

Dongdaemun derby was contested between Ilhwa Chunma and LG Cheetahs,[2] Yukong Elephants and Ilhwa Chunma,[3] and LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants[4] at Dongdaemun Stadium.

This derby was put to an end in 1996, due to K League's decentralization policy which relocated the three clubs.[5]

Ilhwa Chunma vs LG Cheetahs (1990–1995) edit

Competition Matches Ilhwa Chunma wins Draws LG Cheetahs wins Ilhwa Chunma goals LG Cheetahs goals
K League 35 12 12 11 47 44
League Cup 5 2 1 2 5 6
Total 40 14 13 13 52 50

Ilhwa Chunma vs Yukong Elephants (1991–1995) edit

Competition Matches Ilhwa Chunma wins Draws Yukong Elephants wins Ilhwa Chunma goals Yukong Elephants goals
K League 29 13 13 3 36 25
League Cup 5 2 2 1 5 4
Total 34 15 15 4 41 29

LG Cheetahs vs Yukong Elephants (1991–1995) edit

Competition Matches LG Cheetahs wins Draws Yukong Elephants wins LG Cheetahs goals Yukong Elephants goals
K League 29 9 11 9 32 34
League Cup 5 2 1 2 8 5
Total 34 11 12 11 40 39

FC Seoul vs Seoul E-Land FC edit

Seoul E-Land FC was founded in April 2014. They play their home games at the Seoul Olympic Stadium in South Seoul (Gangnam). FC Seoul is based in North Seoul (Mapo) and play at the Seoul World Cup Stadium.

The first meeting between the two clubs occurred on 14 April 2021, in the third round of the Korean FA Cup. Seoul E-Land FC won 1–0 at the Seoul World Cup Stadium.[6]

Derbies with clubs not based in Seoul edit

Super Match edit

Gyeongin derby edit

FC Seoul vs Incheon United
Competition Played Seoul wins Draws Incheon wins Seoul goals Incheon goals
K League 1 41 19 13 9 71 42
League Cup 8 2 4 2 7 6
FA Cup 3 2 0 1 7 5
Total 52 23 17 12 85 53

Stadiums edit

Administration edit

Seoul is the location of the headquarters of the Korea Football Association.[citation needed]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Lucky-Goldstar wants Seoul franchise" (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 1983-08-19. Archived from the original on 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  2. ^ "서울 연고지 일화-LG 자존심 대결" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 24 November 1992.
  3. ^ 프로축구 일화, 유공 우승 향방 가를 최종 혈전 (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 8 November 1994.
  4. ^ "신라이벌 탐방(2)-LG 치타스 vs 유공 코끼리" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. 24 March 1996.
  5. ^ "일화 유공 LG, 내년에 서울연고 없어 Dongdaemun". Monthly Football. December 1995. Archived from the original on 2019-08-11. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  6. ^ "2부 이랜드 '일곱 살 생일잔치' 축포". (in Korean). 14 April 2021. Retrieved 27 June 2023.

External links edit