Fontina

Fontina (French: Fontine[1]) is a  cow's milk cheese, first produced in Italy. Over time, production of Fontina has spread worldwide, including the United States , Denmark, Sweden, Quebec, France and Argentina.[2][3]

Fontina
Fontina PDO.jpg
Country of originItaly
RegionAosta Valley
Source of milkCows
PasteurizedNo
Texturesemi-soft
Fat content45%
CertificationEU: PDO 1996
Related media on Wikimedia Commons

DescriptionEdit

Fontina is a cheese that is semisoft to hard in texture and mild to medium-sharp in flavor. It has a milk fat content around 45%. The characteristic flavor of Fontina is mild but distinctively nutty and savoury. Fontinas from Sweden, Denmark, and the United States have milder flavour, softer texture, and more holes than those of Italy.

Fontina cheese has been made in the Aosta Valley, in the Alps since the 12th century. Fontina produced in the EU can be identified by a Consorzio (Consortium) stamp of the Matterhorn including the script "FONTINA".[4][5]

As with many other varieties, the name "Fontina" has derivatives such as "Fontinella", "Fontal", and "Fontella".[6] Although the version from the Aosta Valley is the original and the most famous,[7] a derivative production occurs in other parts of Italy, as well as in Denmark, Sweden, Quebec, France, Argentina, and the United States.[8] The Swedish and Danish versions are often found in US grocery stores, and can be distinguished from Aostan Fontina by their red wax rind (also prevalent in Argentine Fontina).[citation needed]

Fontina produced in the Aosta Valley must be made from unpasteurized milk from a single milking, with two batches being made per day.[9]

 
A 1480 fresco from the Issogne Castle: the forms of cheese on the right are thought to be the earliest depiction of Fontina.

The original Fontina cheese from the Aosta Valley is fairly pungent and has quite an intense flavor, although Fontina-like labeled cheeses that are produced in other countries can be much milder.[citation needed] Aostan Fontina has a natural rind due to aging, which is usually tan to orange-brown.[10][11] The interior of the cheese is pale cream in color and riddled with holes known as "eyes".[citation needed] It is noted for its earthy, mushroomy, and woody taste, and pairs exceptionally well with roast meats and truffles.[12] It has a rich and creamy flavor which gets nuttier with aging.[13] Mature Fontina is a hard cheese, and melts well.[citation needed]

Protected designation of originEdit

Fontina cheese sold in the EU can be identified by a Consorzio (Consortium) stamp of the Matterhorn including the script "FONTINA". Cheese produced in the Aosta Valley has a protected designation of origin (DOP) with regulations that the cheese must be made from unpasteurized milk from a single milking, of a Valdostana breed of cow, with two batches being made per day. [14]

RecipesEdit

Young Fontina has a softer texture and can be suitable for fondue. Fonduta alla valdostana (in Italian) or Fondue à la valdôtaine[15] (in French) is a traditional dish of Fontina whipped with milk, eggs, and truffles.

A good pairing is Nebbiolo, a red wine with flavors of wild cherry and truffles.[13]

Generic nature of FontinaEdit

In 1986, the U.S. Trademark Trial and Appeal Board ruled that “fontina” was generic name of a type of cheese “rather than a certification mark indicating regional origin, in view of the fact that non-certified producers outside that region use the term to identify non-certified cheeses.” Today, fontina is produced in countries around the world, including the United States, Denmark, Sweden, Quebec, France and Argentina.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dicitonnaire Larousse
  2. ^ "Fontina". www.belgioioso.com. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  3. ^ Heimowitz, Colette (2012-03-13). The New Atkins for a New You Breakfast and Brunch Dishes. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4516-8972-3.
  4. ^ "Definition of FONTINA". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  5. ^ "Fontina | cheese". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-12-28.
  6. ^ Ehlers, Steve; Hurt, Jeanette (1 April 2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Cheeses of the World. DK Publishing. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-4406-3618-9.
  7. ^ Cheese.com
  8. ^ Heimowitz, Colette (13 March 2012). The New Atkins for a New You Breakfast and Brunch Dishes. Simon and Schuster. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4516-8972-3.
  9. ^ Rubino, R.; Sardo, P.; Surrusca, A. (eds.). Italian Cheese: 293 Traditional Types. ISBN 88-8499-111-0
  10. ^ 'The history' Archived 2014-07-25 at the Wayback Machine, Cooperativa Produttori Latte e Fontina (2006).
  11. ^ Fontina on Cheese.com
  12. ^ "Artisanal Premium Cheese". Archived from the original on 2010-08-08. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  13. ^ a b "Fontina Val d'Aosta". Cheese.com. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  14. ^ https://www.cooksillustrated.com/articles/1715-tasting-fontina-cheese
  15. ^ See 1 and 2.
  16. ^ Heimowitz, Colette (2012-03-13). The New Atkins for a New You Breakfast and Brunch Dishes. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4516-8972-3.

External linksEdit