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Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via

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Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via (Catalan: Font-romeu, Odelló i Vià), or simply Odeillo, is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales and Cerdagne near the Spanish border in the south of France. It comprises the villages of Odeillo and Via, as well as Font-Romeu, one of the oldest ski resorts in France and the oldest in the Pyrenees.

Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Church of St. Martin in Odeillo.
Church of St. Martin in Odeillo.
Location of Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via is located in France
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via is located in Occitanie
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via
Coordinates: 42°29′54″N 2°02′05″E / 42.4983°N 2.0347°E / 42.4983; 2.0347Coordinates: 42°29′54″N 2°02′05″E / 42.4983°N 2.0347°E / 42.4983; 2.0347
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentPyrénées-Orientales
ArrondissementPrades
CantonLes Pyrénées catalanes
Government
 • MayorJean-Louis Demelin
Area
1
29.60 km2 (11.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
2,159
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
66124 /66120
Elevation1,312–2,212 m (4,304–7,257 ft)
(avg. 1,800 m or 5,900 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

GeographyEdit

LocalizationEdit

Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via is located in the canton of Les Pyrénées catalanes and in the arrondissement of Prades. It is bordered by the communes of Angoustrine-Villeneuve-des-Escaldes, Targassonne, Égat, Estavar, Saillagouse, Eyne and Bolquère.

 
Map of Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via and its surrounding communes

TransportationEdit

ToponymyEdit

The names of Odeillo and Via appear in 839 as parrochia Hodellone et parrochia Avizano.[2]

The name of Font-Romeu means in Catalan : fountain of the pilgrim.[2]

HistoryEdit

Odeillo and Via are both mentioned for the first time in 839 among the places paying a fee to La Seu d'Urgell church. Nevertheless, Odeillo was at the time part of the County of Cerdanya, while Via was a property of the Urg family.[2]

On 15 July 1035, Wifred II, Count of Cerdanya gives Odeillo to the Abbey of Saint-Martin-du-Canigou, where he retires himself a short time before his death. The Abbey of Saint-Michel-de-Cuxa also owned a few allods in Odeillo, as recognized by a papal bull from Sergius IV in 1011.[2]

Via remains a property of the Urg family until the 13th century. It is then bought by Peter of Fenouillet, viscount of Fenouillet and then viscount of Ille.[2]

A chapel is mentioned for the first time in Font-Romeu in 1525, on the territory of Odeillo. It already hosts a statue of the Virgin Mary from the 13th century, and a hermitage is built from 1693 to receive the pilgrims.[2]

Odeillo and Via both become communes in 1790. The commune of Via is abolished and included into Odeillo on 10 July 1822.[3]

In 1881, a wildfire caused by arson spread throughout 267 hectares of the forest of La Calme in the north of the commune.[4]

DemographyEdit

Solar powerEdit

 
The solar furnace at Odeillo

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See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f ‹See Tfd›(in French) Jean Sagnes (dir.), Le pays catalan, t. 2, Pau, Société nouvelle d'éditions régionales, 1985
  3. ^ Jean-Pierre Pélissier, Paroisses et communes de France: dictionnaire d'histoire administrative et démographique, vol. 66 : Pyrénées-Orientales, Paris, CNRS, 1986
  4. ^ Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Incendies de forêts en 1881, 13 February 2014