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The Folkton Drums are a unique set of decorated chalk objects in the shape of drums or solid cylinders dating from the Neolithic period. Found in a child's grave near the village of Folkton in northern England, they are now on loan to Stonehenge Visitor Centre from the British Museum.[1]

Folkton Drums
Folkton Drums.JPG
Folkton Drums displayed in the British Museum
MaterialChalk
SizeHeight 8.7 cm
Created2600-2100 BC
Discovered1889
Present locationBritish Museum
IdentificationP&EE 1893 12-28 15-17

Contents

DiscoveryEdit

In 1889, a round prehistoric barrow was opened by the scholar and amateur archaeologist William Greenwell near Folkton in North Yorkshire.[2] Inside, he found a neolithic grave dating to the time of Stonehenge, estimated to be between 2600 and 2000 BC. The remains of several bodies were unearthed, one of whom was a child beside which the three drums were found. The rarity of this find (no other similar artifact is known from Europe) suggests that the child came from an elite group in society. Four years after the discovery, the drums were donated by Greenwell, along with other parts of his collection, to the British Museum.

DescriptionEdit

The three drum-like forms are made of chalk (that was quarried locally) and are decorated with stylized human faces and geometric patterns. On the top of the cylinders are a series of concentric circles and two of them have pairs of eyes that schematically denote a human face. The design of the drums is similar to objects made in the Beaker culture and early bronze age. The purpose of the drums is unknown, although the faces may represent important members of the local clan or they may be a type of children's toy that has uniquely survived, when most would have been made of wood.[3] The dimensions of the drums may be significant: archaeologist Anne Teather notes that the circumferences of the drums form whole-number divisions (ten, nine and eight times, respectively) of ten long feet, a widely used unit of measure in Neolithic Britain. Teather explains that the objects could have been a means of achieving standardisation at many locations, or as a teaching aid.[4]

See alsoEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ British Museum Highlights
  2. ^ North, John (1996). Stonehenge : a new interpretation of prehistoric man and the cosmos. New York, NY: The Free Press. ISBN 1416576460. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  3. ^ "The Folkton Drums". British Museum. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  4. ^ Teather, Anne; et al. (8 February 2019). "Getting the Measure of Stonehenge". British Archaeology (165): 48–51.

BibliographyEdit

  • H. Longworth, 'The Folkton Drums unpicked' in Grooved Ware in Britain and Ireland, Neolithic Studies Group Seminar Papers 3 (Oxford, Oxbow Books, 1999), pp. 83–88
  • D.V. Clarke, T.G. Cowie and A. Foxon, Symbols of power at the time of Stonehenge (London, HMSO, 1985)
  • I.A. Kinnes and I.H. Longworth, Catalogue of the excavated Prehistoric and Roman-British material in the Greenwell Collection (London, The British Museum Press, 1985)