The Focunates were an ancient Alpine tribe dwelling near present-day Innsbruck (Tyrol) during the Iron Age.

NameEdit

They are mentioned as Focunates by Pliny (1st c. AD).[1]

GeographyEdit

The Focunates lived west of Veldidena (modern Wilten, Innsbruck), in Raetia.[2] Their territory was located south of the Genauni, north of the Venostes, west of the Breuni, east of the Vennones and Calucones.[3]

HistoryEdit

They are mentioned by Pliny the Elder as one of the Alpine tribes conquered by Rome in 16–15 BC, and whose name was engraved on the Tropaeum Alpium.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pliny. Naturalis Historia, 3:20.
  2. ^ Anreiter 1997, pp. 8–9, 173.
  3. ^ Talbert 2000, Map 19: Raetia.

BibliographyEdit

  • Anreiter, Peter (1997). Breonen, Genaunen und Fokunaten: vorrömisches Namengut in den Tiroler Alpen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft. ISBN 978-963-8046-18-5.
  • Talbert, Richard J. A. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691031699.