Flybe (pronounced //) styled as flybe, is a British airline based in Exeter, England. It is the largest independent regional airline in Europe. Flybe carries 8 million passengers a year between 81 airports across the UK and the rest of Europe, with over 210 routes across 15 countries. Its two hubs are Manchester and Birmingham airports but it also has a number of codeshares allowing connections to long-haul flights from airports such as London Heathrow, Paris CDG, Dublin and Amsterdam. The airline is a member of the European Regions Airline Association. Flybe's parent company Flybe Group PLC (formerly known as Walker Aviation Limited) is listed on the London Stock Exchange.
|Founded||1 November 1979(as Jersey European Airways)|
|Subsidiaries||Stobart Air (franchise)|
|Company slogan||Close to you|
|Parent company||Flybe Group plc|
(sale pending to Connect Airways)
The airline launched in 1979 as Jersey European Airways following the merger of Intra Airways and Express Air Services. In 1983 the airline was sold to Walker Steel Group, which also owned Spacegrand Aviation, and the two airlines were merged under the Jersey European name in 1985. Jersey European was renamed British European in 2000 (shortened to "BE"), and received its current name in 2002.
A pending takeover bid, announced in January 2019, is expected to result in Flybe being sold to the Connect Airways consortium backed by Virgin Atlantic and Stobart Aviation, and subsequently operating under the Virgin Atlantic brand.
Flybe started operations on 1 November 1979 as Jersey European Airways as a result of a merger of the Jersey-based Intra Airways and the Bournemouth-based Express Air Services, and was founded by John Habin, a resident of Jersey and the majority investor. After selling Aviation Beauport and other business interests, Habin established some key routes from Jersey Airport to the UK, before selling the airline in November 1983 to Jack Walker's Walker Steel Group, which already owned the Blackpool-based charter airline Spacegrand Aviation. The two airlines were then run separately, with partially shared management, until 1985 when they amalgamated under the Jersey European name, with the airline's headquarters moving to Exeter Airport.
On 3 November 2006 it was announced that Flybe would buy BA Connect, except for that airline's services out of London City Airport. The takeover was complete in March 2007. The expanded airline's owners were Rosedale Aviation Holdings (69%), Flybe staff (16%) and – as a result of the BA Connect takeover – International Airlines Group (15%). The acquisition increased Flybe's route network in both the UK and continental Europe, making Flybe Europe's largest regional airline.
On 14 January 2008 it was announced that Flybe had signed a franchise agreement with Scottish airline Loganair, to commence on 26 October 2008 following the termination of Loganair's franchise agreement with British Airways on 25 October 2008. The agreement would see Loganair aircraft flying in Flybe colours on 55 routes from Scotland.
In 2008, in order to avoid losing a £280,000 rebate from Norwich Airport, Flybe advertised for "actors", as well as offering free return flights to Dublin on its website. As a result, the environmental group Friends of the Earth called on the government to launch an investigation into the aviation industry.
Development since 2010Edit
On 10 December 2010, Flybe floated an IPO on the London Stock Exchange, with trading in shares commencing on the same day. Full public release of shares followed on 15 December 2010. The share price was set at 295p, valuing the company at approximately £215 million, and raising £66 million for the company, half of which was to pay for fleet expansion.
On 23 May 2013, it was reported that Flybe had sold its slots at Gatwick Airport to EasyJet for £20 million, and that the slots would be handed over to EasyJet on 29 March 2014. CEO and chairman Jim French retired in August 2013, leaving the post of CEO to Saad Hammad, formerly of EasyJet, while Simon Laffin became chairman. By November 2013, Hammad had shaken up the operation, requesting the resignations of three top managers within six weeks of his arrival. Out of 158 routes flown at the time, over 60 did not cover their direct operating expenses and the costs of crew and aircraft.
On 23 April 2014, Flybe announced that it would launch domestic and international flights from London City Airport from 27 October 2014 after signing a five-year deal with the airport. The airline is expecting to carry around 500,000 passengers a year, with all five allocated aircraft being based around the Flybe network overnight. In March 2014, it was announced that Flybe would undergo a major brand refresh. This new scheme included a new purple aircraft livery, new interior features and new uniforms. British Airways sold most of its remaining stake in the airline in June 2014. It had been reduced to 5% by share issues.
In early 2015 it was announced that Flybe had negotiated a six-year agreement with SAS Scandinavian Airlines to fly 4 ATR 72–600 aircraft on their behalf, starting in October 2015. On 4 March 2015, Flybe announced new routes from Cardiff Airport bringing the number of routes to eleven. Flybe also stated their intention to create a new base at Cardiff Airport and in Summer 2015, initially based two Embraer 195 aircraft there, which has since increased to three. On 10 November 2015, Flybe announced that it would base two Embraer 195 aircraft at Doncaster Sheffield Airport, starting new routes to Amsterdam, Berlin Tegel, Paris CDG, Jersey, Alicante, Málaga, Faro and Newquay as of 27 March 2016[update]. This announcement came on the same day that Flybe announced that they would be pulling flights from Bournemouth Airport. Dublin Airport was added in October 2016, taking over where Stobart Air pulled out.
On 26 October 2016, it was announced that Hammad would be standing down as CEO with immediate effect, and that consequently Flybe were beginning the process of finding a replacement. On 21 November 2016, Flybe announced it was to open its first European base at Düsseldorf Airport. In February 2017 this commenced with two aircraft alongside 60 pilots, cabin crew and engineers. On 22 December 2016, Flybe started selling flights for 12 further destinations from Southend Airport, in an extension to their existing franchise operation with Stobart Air.
Flybe and Loganair separately announced that their franchise agreement would terminate in October 2017. Flybe then announced a partnership with Eastern Airways and would now operate routes in direct competition with Loganair – namely flights from the Scottish mainland to Stornoway, Kirkwall and Sumburgh. On 16 January 2017, former CityJet boss Christine Ourmieres-Widener, took over the role of CEO after Saad Hammad left in October 2016. Later in the year, Flybe started flying from Heathrow to Aberdeen and Edinburgh taking over slots previously used by Virgin Atlantic Little Red.
On 22 February 2018, franchise partner Stobart Air confirmed interest in a takeover bid of 100% of Flybe for an undisclosed fee. However this bid was rejected by the carrier and Stobart scrapped its interest on 22 March 2018, causing share prices in the airline, which had climbed by up to 25% following the bid, to drop back to their previous level. In September 2018 a revised aircraft livery was launched, with purple and white being retained but lilac replacing the red and yellow. On 14 November 2018, after the airline's shares fell by 75%, Flybe announced that it was talking with various parties about a potential sale of the business, as part of a wide-ranging review of strategic options. On 22 November, it emerged that Virgin Atlantic was one of the parties with which Flybe had been holding discussions; Flybe's slots at Heathrow were of particular interest to Virgin Atlantic, along with the potential to use Flybe to feed passengers into the Virgin Atlantic hubs at Manchester and London Heathrow.
Connect Airways takeover bidEdit
On 11 January 2019, a takeover bid worth £2.2 million by the Connect Airways consortium, which includes Virgin Atlantic and Stobart Aviation, was confirmed. The consortium would initially lend £20 million to enable Flybe to continue operations, and would also take over Stobart Air; after the acquisition is complete it will provide a further £80 million. This initial deal, which would have been conditional on shareholder and court approval, was expected to be completed by the second quarter of 2019. Flybe and Stobart Air would subsequently operate under the Virgin Atlantic brand though they would retain their own Air Operator Certificates. Optimisation of Flybe's routes is likely to result in a "limited reduction" in its fleet.
On 15 January 2019, Connect Airways increased its offer by £600,000, and set out improved bridging loan conditions, with £10 million to be released immediately to support Flybe's business, and a further £10 million available. Subsequent funding of £80 million was also confirmed. In accepting the revised offer, Flybe's board stated that it provides the security that the business needs and preserves the interests of its stakeholders, customers, employees, partners and pension members. The deal, which covers Flybe Group's operating subsidiaries, i.e. the airline and the website, is to be completed by 22 February 2019.
Flybe Group's shareholders had decided in December 2018 to transfer its shares to a standard listing, meaning that shareholder approval for the sale of the assets is no longer required. Notwithstanding this change, on 21 January 2019 one of the largest shareholders, Hosking Partners, threatened legal action to block the deal, which it believes undervalues the company. On 4 February 2019, Flybe confirmed that it had received a valid request from Hosking Partners to convene a general meeting in order to appoint a new director, but noted that Flybe's articles of association do not give members the powers needed for the new director's proposed investigation of the sale. It also confirmed that it had received, and rejected, a preliminary alternative bid from former Stobart CEO Andrew Tinkler. On 7 February, Flybe Group warned its shareholders that, after the sale of the operating assets, the parent company would be wound up if they did not approve its sale.
Ownership and structureEdit
Flybe Group is a public company, listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE: FLYB). Until November 2013, the main shareholder, with 48.1% of the shares, was Rosedale Aviation Holdings Limited, the corporate representative of the trustee of the Jack Walker 1987 Settlement, which was established by the late Jack Walker, who was involved in Flybe's early development.
In the UK, Flybe's largest base is at Birmingham Airport and it has other large bases at Belfast City, Manchester and Southampton airports, with a total of 14 crew and aircraft bases across the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. The airline holds a Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence permitting it to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats. The Flybe Group includes Flybe Aviation Services (engineering and maintenance), Flybe Training Academy (engineering and flight crew training), Flybe UK (airline operations) and Flybe Europe, the holding company for all European operations, which previously consisted of Flybe Nordic.
The trends for Flybe Group over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 March):
|Group turnover (total, less JV) (£m)||367.5||535.9||572.4||570.5||595.5||615.3||614.3||620.5||574.1||623.8||707.4||752.6|
|Profit before tax (EBITDA) (£m)||−16.2||30.4||0.1||5.7||7.6||−7.1||−23.2||8.1||−35.6||2.7||−48.5||−9.4|
|Profit after tax (£m)||−19.9||34.9||4.1||6.7||3.8||−6.4||−41.8||8.0||−35.7||6.8||−26.7||N/A|
|Number of employees (average/*year end)||1,931||3,197||2,860||2,798||2,949||2,781||2,667||2,650||2,069*||2,262*||2,388*||2,346*|
|Number of passengers (scheduled) (m)||5.2||7.0||7.3||7.2||7.2||7.6||7.2||7.7||7.7||8.2||8.8||9.5|
|Passenger load factor (schedule) (%)||N/A||N/A||65.4||63.5||61.7||61.9||62.6||69.5||75.2||72.6||69.6||75.6|
|Number of aircraft (average/*year end)||81*||80*||68||67||68||84||81||97||66*||74*||83*||80*|
Joint ventures and franchisesEdit
Loganair was the first franchise partner for Flybe and operated a number of flights in Scotland and Ireland under a franchise agreement from 2008. Loganair operated these routes on the smaller Saab 340, Saab 2000, Dornier 328 and Twin Otter aircraft. Loganair aircraft wore the full Flybe livery during the time of the franchise. In 2016 it was announced that the agreement was to end on 31 August 2017 at which time Loganair would become an independent carrier.
In 2014 Flybe signed their second franchise agreement with Stobart Air and initially started operating European routes from Southend Airport. In 2015 Stobart Air began operating more flights on behalf of Flybe from Isle of Man Airport to Birmingham Airport, Manchester Airport, Liverpool Airport and Stansted Airport using two ATR 72 aircraft that were to be based on IOM. In 2017 Flybe and Stobart Air began operating additional services from Southend Airport using two Flybe Embraer 195 jet aircraft that were to be based there. This has now increased to three jets and these mainly operate longer European destinations. Later in 2018 Stobart Air will purchase these three Embraer jets that are currently on lease to Flybe.
On 11 January 2016, Flybe announced its third franchise deal with the Guernsey based airline, Blue Islands. This would see all Blue Islands flights operated under the Flybe name, and the Blue Islands aircraft livery replaced with the current Flybe livery from May 2016. This deal is however under investigation and could be potentially breaking local competition laws.
From 1 September 2017 Eastern Airways became a new franchise partner for Flybe taking over routes previously operated by Loganair from Aberdeen Airport, Glasgow Airport and Edinburgh Airport. This now meant both Flybe and Loganair were now in direct competition with each other. In January 2018 services to Sumburgh were being withdrawn, owing to the competition with Loganair and the route being unable to sustain two carriers. It was also announced that Loganair was withdrawing services from Glasgow to Manchester leaving Flybe as the sole operator on that route.
Flybe purchased Finncomm Airlines with Finnair in July 2011, and on 30 October 2011 rebranded the airline as Flybe Nordic. The joint venture operated its own routes along with franchise routes under a codeshare agreement for Finnair, operating under Flybe's BE-code. Flybe agreed to sell its 60% stake in Flybe Nordic in November 2014 for €1, in an attempt to reduce group costs. On 1 May 2015, Flybe Nordic began operating solely for Finnair as it is no longer a part of Flybe. Flybe Nordic is now known as Nordic Regional Airlines – Norra.
Flybe are the main sponsor of Exeter City Football Club and also sponsor Exeter Chiefs with their branding featuring on both teams shirts. Flybe has also sponsored the weather bulletins on ITV Meridian, STV, ITV West Country, Channel Television, UTV, ITV Wales with Cardiff Airport and the sport sections of the Manchester Evening News, the Express & Echo (Exeter), the South Wales Echo (Cardiff), the Isle of Man Courier and the Isle of Man Examiner.
Flybe uses the Avios frequent-flyer programme, which is also used by British Airways, Iberia and Aer Lingus. The programme is operated by the IAG subsidiary Avios Group. Flybe also operates a loyalty programme, Spend&Fly, for Flybe Credit Card holders.
Cabin and serviceEdit
Flybe's cabin interiors are configured with a single-class all economy layout. Flybe operates an allocated seating policy on all flights. Passengers have the option to choose a specific seat of their choice online in advance for a fee or have one allocated free of charge during online check-in or at the airport check-in. The airline operates a buy on board programme, called "Café Flybe", offering food and drinks for purchase. On most flights to and from the Channel Islands a selection of Duty Free spirits and tobacco items are available to purchase.
Passengers have the option of three ticket types. "Just Fly", "Get More" and "All In".
- "Just Fly" is the most basic ticket type, with just the flight included and any extra options options available to add for an additional fee.
- "Get More" ticket holders get to reserve a seat and includes free 23 kg hold bag.
- "All In" ticket holders receive a complimentary drink and snack, access to Flybe Executive Lounges, free pre-booked seating, priority check-in and two free hold bags.
|ATR 72-600||5||—||70||operated for Scandinavian Airlines|
|Bombardier Dash 8 Q400||54||—||78|
|Embraer 175||11||4||88||deliveries between July and December 2019|
|Embraer 195||6||—||118||to be phased out by 2020 and transferred to Stobart Air|
Fleet strategy and developmentsEdit
Flybe operates a mixed fleet of turboprop and jet airliners, the majority being turboprops:
Flybe is the world's largest operator of the Bombardier Dash 8 Q400. In May 2007, the airline signed a deal for a further 15 Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 aircraft valued at US$394 million (£197 million), with options for a further 15, increasing its fleet of the type to 60. In September 2014, Republic Airways agreed to lease 24 of their Q400 aircraft to Flybe. In June 2017, Flybe announced that due to a loss of near to £20 million, it will retire six Bombardier Q400 aircraft from 2017.
On 20 July 2010, Flybe placed an order for 35 Embraer 175 aircraft worth US$1.3 billion (£850 million), with options for 65 more (value $2.3 bn/£1.5 bn) and purchase rights for a further 40 (value $1.4 bn/£0.9 bn). The 88-seat aircraft was originally planned to be delivered between July 2011 and March 2017, with the first two aircraft actually arriving in November 2011. In September 2014 Flybe reached an agreement with Embraer to cancel 20 orders for the E-175 jets, and defer delivery of the other 4 until 2018.
The airline placed an order for 14 Embraer 195 aircraft in June 2005, plus options on an additional 12 aircraft, making it the type's worldwide launch customer. This was followed by the conversion of four existing Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 options into firm orders, bringing its fleet of Q400s to 45 when delivered. Flybe received its first 118-seat Embraer 195 in September 2006, and the aircraft began to replace its existing BAe 146s, completing the fleet rationalisation started in 2003. The E-195s were fitted with a Head-up Guidance System (HGS) and configured to offer single-class service.
In 2018, Flybe completed a review of its future fleet. They contacted several manufacturers including Embraer, ATR and Bombardier Aerospace to find the best fit for the airline. On 16 May 2018, Flybe announced that the Bombardier Q400 would remain its core aircraft, all of the E-195 aircraft in the fleet are to be withdrawn by 2020 but it will retain a number of E-175s for busier routes.
Flybe has in the past operated a wide variety of aircraft, including:
- BAe 146
- Boeing 737-300
- Bombardier CRJ200
- Britten-Norman Islander
- de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
- Douglas DC-3 – two inherited from Intra Airways in 1979, both sold in 1980.
- Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante
- Embraer ERJ 145
- Fokker F27
- Handley Page Dart Herald – inherited from Express Air Services in 1979 and returned to Express Air Services in 1980 when it left the partnership.
- Short 330
- Short 360
- Bombardier Dash 8 300
- Vickers Viscount
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On 23 February 2017, Flybe flight BE 1284, a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 (G-JECP), had an incident when landing at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport. The aircraft was inbound from Edinburgh. On touchdown, the right main gear of the plane collapsed, leading to damage of the aircraft's right wing structure. No one was injured.
- On 10 November 2017, Flybe flight BE 331, a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 (G-JEDU) was scheduled to fly from Belfast City to Inverness. The plane had to divert to Belfast International due to technical issues where it landed on its nose, with the front gear retracted. One passenger sustained a minor injury.
- "IATA – Airline and Airport Code Search". iata.org. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "Flybe joins ERA, the voice of European regional aviation" (PDF) (Press release). European Regions Airline Association. 13 October 2015.
- "Flybe Group PLC". London Stock Exchange. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (11 January 2019). "Virgin Atlantic and Stobart link up to take over Flybe". Flightglobal.com.
- "Flybe rescued by Virgin and Stobart". BBC News. 11 January 2019.
- "World airline directory: Jersey European Airways". Flight International, 26 July 1980, p. 323.
- Wright 2001, p. 48.
- Wright 2001, p. 49.
- Wright 2001, p. 52.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 83.
- announced Archived 25 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine that they had completed the acquisition of BA Connect
- "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair". Flybe Press Office. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "Airline asks actors to fill bogus flights in bid to win £280,000 bonus". Daily Mail. London. 30 March 2008.
- Budget airline Flybe asks actors to fill seats to avoid penalties. This is Money (31 March 2008). Retrieved on 14 December 2010.
- "Airline sought actors for flights". BBC News. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
- Friends of the Earth: Archived press release: Government must urgently investigate aviation industry. Foe.co.uk (1 April 2008). Retrieved on 14 December 2010.
- "HM The Queen's 2009 Birthday Honours List" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Dan Milmo. "Regional airline Flybe raised £66m from stock market flotation". Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Press Association. Press Association (14 November 2010). Retrieved on 14 December 2010.
- "BBC News – Flybe ends Channel Islands' Gatwick routes". bbc.co.uk. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- telegraph.co.uk: "Flybe cuts another 500 jobs to 'secure future'", 11 November 2013
- "BBC News – Flybe in London City Airport deal". bbc.co.uk. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- "New purple makeover for Flybe planes and staff". 1 April 2014. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014.
- "Flybe". Airliner World: 5. February 2015.
- "Flybe confirms new 11 route network and base at Cardiff Airport". Flybe. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "VIDEO: Flybe announces eight new European destinations from Doncaster Airport". www.derbyshiretimes.co.uk.
- "Cheap flights from Doncaster Sheffield Airport – Book with Flybe today!". www.flybe.com.
- "FlyBe ends Bournemouth Airport flights". 10 November 2015 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Stobart Group RNS (22 December 2016). "Further update on new routes Airport". Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- "Former CityJet boss Ourmieres-Widener appointed as the new CEO at Flybe – BelfastTelegraph.co.uk".
- "FLYB FLYBE GROUP PLC ORD 1P". London Stock Exchange. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Flybe up for sale weeks after profit warning". BBC. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- "UK regional operator Flybe in talks to sell company". Flightglobal.com. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
- Kleinman, Mark (22 November 2018). "Virgin Atlantic in surprise bid to take off with Flybe". Sky News. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Virgin Atlantic in talks to rescue Flybe". BBC News. 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (11 January 2019). "Cuts likely as Virgin shapes Flybe-Stobart combination". Flightglobal.com.
- Dyson, Momlly (11 January 2019). "Virgin Atlantic and Stobart agree Flybe take-over | Buying Business Travel". buyingbusinesstravel.com.
- Gallagher, Rosemary (15 January 2019). "Flybe-Connect Airways agreement reached on £2.8m deal". businessInsider.
- "Flybe will wind up company if sale fails". 7 February 2019.
- Reals, Kerry. "Connect Airways raises takeover offer for Flybe". atwonline.com.
- "Results of General Meeting" (PDF). Flybe.
- "Major Flybe shareholder looking to stop £2.2mln Virgin-Stobart takeover". Proactiveinvestors UK. 21 January 2019.
- Davies, Phil (4 February 2019). "Flybe rejects alternative financial approach". Travel Weekly.
- "Flybe gives shareholders vote on ousting chairman". RTÉ. 4 February 2019.
- Ribbeck, Michael (4 February 2019). "Struggling airline confirms approach from former Stobart boss | TheBusinessDesk.com". The Business Desk.
- "The London Stock Exchange welcomes Flybe to the Main Market". Londonstockexchange.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- "Major Flybe Expansion at Birmingham – Airports International – The Airport Industry online, the latest airport industry news". www.airportsinternational.com.
- "Operating Licence". Caa.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Annual Report 2008" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Annual Report 2009" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 29 January 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Annual Report 2010" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "Annual Report 2013-4" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Annual Report 2014/15" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- "Annual Report 2016/17" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- Article in Buying Business Travel
- Article in CH Aviation
- http://www.iii.co.uk/alliance-news/1501258632037640600-3/stobart-buys-three-embraer-e195-jet-aircraft-on-lease-to-flybe Article in “Interactive Investor”
- "Blue Islands flights to be run through Flybe".
- Express, Bailiwick. "Airlines investigated for potential competition law breach".
- Alastair Dalton, "More competition to islands as Flybe teams with Eastern Airways", The Scotsman, 1 September 2017
- Chris Cope, “Jobs go at Sumburgh following Flybe exit", Shetland News, 11 January 2018
- "Flybe Nordic. A challenge to the Skyways-Cimber venture?". AirlineHunter. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- White, Anna (12 November 2014). "Flybe sells its Finnish business for €1". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Editor, eTN Managing (28 April 2015). "Flybe Finland changes name to Nordic Regional – eTurboNews (eTN)".
- "Collect and spend Avios with Flybe". Flybe. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "About Avios". Avios. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "Spend&Fly". Flybe. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- "Profile on Flybe". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "Flybe One Stop to the World". onestop.flybe.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
- "GINFO Search Results Summary". Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- SAS. "SAS signs agreement with Flybe – SAS". SAS.
- "Flybe. leasing an additional ATR72 for SAS operations".
- "Flybe To Reduce Jet Fleet And Concentrate Only On Profitable Routes". Interactive Investor. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- Air Transport World Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine 9 May 2007
- Wild, Jane (17 September 2014). "Flybe reconfigures its fleet by leasing smaller aircraft". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "Flybe promises overhaul after £20m loss". BBC News. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Flybe announces a deal for up to 140 Embraer E Series Aircraft". Flybe Press Office. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- "Flybe celebrates arrival of new jets with a soaking!". Flybe. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Air International, July 2005
- John Mulligan, "Flybe hopes to make call on airline's fleet later this year, says chief executive", “Irish Independent”, March 2017
- Gould, Ian (13 November 1982). "Channel Islands aviation: Jersey Europeans claims leading regional role". Flight International. Vol. 122 no. 3836. pp. 1451–1452.
- Wickstead 2014, pp.126–128
- "Jersey European buys more 360s". Flight International. Vol. 130 no. 4042. 20 December 1986. p. 5.
- "FlyBe plane crash lands on the runway at Amsterdam airport". Mail Online. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- McDonald, Henry (10 November 2017). "Flybe plane crash-lands at Belfast airport". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
- "Belfast Flybe flight lands without nose gear". BBC News. Retrieved 11 November 2017.