Fluoromethane

Fluoromethane, also known as methyl fluoride, Freon 41, Halocarbon-41 and HFC-41, is a non-toxic, liquefiable, and flammable gas at standard temperature and pressure. It is made of carbon, hydrogen, and fluorine. The name stems from the fact that it is methane (CH4) with a fluorine atom substituted for one of the hydrogen atoms. It is used in semiconductor manufacturing processes as an etching gas in plasma etch reactors.[2]

Fluoromethane
Stick model of fluoromethane
Spacefill model of fluoromethane
Names
IUPAC name
Fluoromethane
Other names
Freon 41

Methyl fluoride
Halocarbon 41

Monofluoromethane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Abbreviations R41
1730725
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.907
EC Number
  • 209-796-6
391
KEGG
MeSH Fluoromethane
UNII
UN number UN 2454
Properties
CH3F
Molar mass 34.03 g/mol
Appearance Colourless gas with pleasant, ether-like odour at high concentrations.
Density 1.4397 g/L

0.557 g/cm3 (liquid) at saturation pressure at 25 °C

Melting point −137.8 °C (−216.0 °F; 135.3 K) [1]
Boiling point −78.4 °C (−109.1 °F; 194.8 K) [1]
1.66 L/kg (2.295 g/L)
Vapor pressure 3.3 MPa
Hazards
Extremely Flammable F+
R-phrases (outdated) R12
S-phrases (outdated) S9, S16, S23, S24/25, S26, S28, S33, S36/37/39, S60
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g. propaneHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g. turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g. liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
4
1
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

CompositionEdit

The compound is the lowest mass member of the hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) family, compounds which contain only hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon. These compounds are related to the chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), but since they do not contain chlorine, are not destructive to the ozone layer.[3] Fluorocarbons are, however, potent greenhouse gasses, and the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an attempt to phase them out due to their contribution to global warming.[4]

The C−F bond energy is 552 kJ/mol and its length is 0.139 nm (typically 0.14 nm). Its molecular geometry is tetrahedral.

Its specific heat capacity (Cp) is 38.171 J·mol−1·K−1 at 25 °C. The critical point of fluoromethane is at 44.9 °C (318.1 K) and 6.280 MPa.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  2. ^ Siegemund, Günter; Schwertfeger, Werner; Feiring, Andrew; Smart, Bruce; Behr, Fred; Vogel, Herward; McKusick, Blaine (2002). "Fluorine Compounds, Organic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a11_349.
  3. ^ Fluoromethane CH3F
  4. ^ "Explainer: hydrofluorocarbons saved the ozone layer, so why are we banning them?".

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit