Floyd Phillips Gibbons (July 16, 1887 – September 23, 1939) was the war correspondent for the Chicago Tribune during World War I. One of radio's first news reporters and commentators, he was famous for a fast-talking delivery style. Floyd Gibbons lived a life of danger of which he often wrote and spoke.
Floyd Phillips Gibbons
July 16, 1887
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Died||September 23, 1939 (aged 52)|
|Resting place||Mount Olivet Cemetery|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Awards||Croix de Guerre with palm|
Floyd Phillips Gibbons was born on July 16, 1887, in Washington, D.C. He was the first of five children of Edward Thomas Gibbons and Emma Theresa Phillips. Gibbons moved with his family to Des Moines, Iowa and lived there from 1900 to 1903. He attended schools in Iowa and Minneapolis. His father owned a trading stamp business for merchants in Iowa. Gibbons attended Gonzaga College High School, and later studied law at Georgetown University, from which he was expelled.
Gibbons began as a police reporter on the Minneapolis Daily News in 1907, but was fired. He also worked for the Milwaukee Free Press and the Minneapolis Tribune. While working for the Tribune in 1910, he was arrested for cutting a telegraph line in Winter, Wisconsin to prevent other newspapers from reporting a story first. He moved to the Chicago Tribune in 1912. He became well known for covering the Pancho Villa Expedition in 1916. He became a London correspondent for the Chicago Tribune in 1917 and reported on the 1917 torpedoing of the British ship RMS Laconia, on which he was a passenger.
The Chicago Tribune appreciated his keen eye for detail, and vivid splashy style. It sent him to England to cover World War I. As a correspondent at the Battle of Belleau Wood, France. Gibbons accompanied the Fifth Marines where his account of the battle that he submitted violated wartime censorship by mentioning that he was serving with the U.S. Marine Corps. Gibbons' colourful prose added to the reputation of the Marines. Gibbons lost an eye after being hit by German gunfire at Château-Thierry in June 1918 while attempting to rescue an American marine. Always afterwards he wore a distinctive white patch on his left eye. He was given France's greatest honor, the Croix de Guerre with palm, for his valor on the field of battle.
In 1918-1927 he was the chief of the Chicago Tribune's foreign service, and director of the paper's European office. He gained fame for his coverage of wars and famines in Poland, Russia and Morocco. He was fired in 1926, started to write novels, and became a radio commentator for NBC. He narrated newsreels, for which he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He also narrated Vitaphone's "Your True Adventures" series of short films, which began as a radio program in which Gibbons paid twenty-five dollars for the best story submitted by a listener. In 1927 he wrote a biography of the Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) titled The Red Knight of Germany. He also wrote the speculative fiction novel The Red Napoleon in 1929. Gibbons was the narrator for the documentary film With Byrd at the South Pole (1930). In 1929, he had his own half-hour radio program heard Wednesday nights on the NBC Red Network at 10:30. Competition from Paul Whiteman's show on CBS Radio, however, brought Gibbons' show to an end by March 1930.
Later life and deathEdit
Gibbons was planning to start covering World War II in Europe before his death. He died of a heart attack on September 24, 1939, at his Cherry Valley farm in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. He was buried at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
In popular cultureEdit
List of “Your True Adventure” short filmsEdit
These were all produced by Warner Brothers, filmed at the Vitaphone studio in New York with Joseph Henabery directing. Each recreates a “heart stopping” event with actors and often presenting the real person behind the story in the final scene, introduced by Gibbons himself.
- The Attic of Terror (9 minutes, September 18, 1937) with Chester Stratton, William Morrow & Julia Fasset
- Playing with Danger (9 minutes, October 30, 1937)
- Danger- High Voltage (9 minutes, December 4, 1937) with Bruce MacFarlane, Ruth Dryden, Jack Harwood & Philip Ober
- The Bolted Door (18 minutes, December 10, 1937) with Diana Datlow
- Alibi Mark (13 minutes, December 20, 1937) with Dennis Moore (available on DVD Kid Galahad)
- Hit And Run (13 minutes, February 19, 1938) with Giles Kelly, Peggy O'Donnell and Robert Elliot.
- Shopgirl's Evidence (9 minutes, March 19, 1938) with Barbara Fulton
- Dear Old Dad (12 minutes, April 11, 1938) with Wryley Birch
- Wanderlust (9 minutes, May 14, 1938) with John Raby, Margaret Wycherly & Ed Butler
- A Dream Come True (9 minutes, June 4, 1938) with Marilyn Jolie, Joyce Gates, Minette Barrett & Frederick Smith.
- The Fighting Judge (13 minutes, July 2, 1938) with Edward Trevor, J. Covil Dunn, Suzanne Jackson & Patsy Roe
- Night Intruder (14 minutes, July 9, 1938) with Helen Carew, Edith Ketchum, Jean Whittaker, Helen Cromwell & Harry Bellaver (available on DVD The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse)
- Trapped Underground (9 minutes, ©-August 20, 1938) with Millard Mitchell, Ralph Chambers & Jack Harwood.
- Identified (9 minutes, September 17, 1938) with Vernon Rich
- Defying Death (12 minutes, October 15, 1938) with Mady Carrell, Warren Ashe & Stephen Miller
- Toils Of The Law (11 minutes, November 12, 1938) with Dane Clark (Bernard Zanville), Herbert Rudley, Mabel Taliaferro & Sheldon Leonard
- Treacherous Waters (9 minutes, December 10, 1938)
- The Human Bomb (12 minutes, January 21, 1939) with Ryder Keane, Edward Mayne & Lyster Chambers
- High Peril (12 minutes, February 18, 1939) with Eddie Acuff & William Challee
- A Minute from Death (9 minutes, March 4, 1939) with Jack Sheehan
- Chained (9 minutes, April 1, 1939) with Tommy Cooney, Kenneth Derby & Herb Vigran
- Voodoo Fires (9 minutes, May 6, 1939) with Frank Lyon
- Haunted House (12 minutes, June 3, 1939) with Claire McAloon, Ruth Halstead & Edna West.
- Lives In Peril (9 minutes, July 1, 1939) with Charles Powers, John Kirk and Ralph Riggs
- Three Minute Fuse (12 minutes, July 29, 1939) with Edward Andrews
- Verge of Disaster (9 minutes, August 26, 1939) with Frank Marion, Alma Ross & John Regan
Earlier, he hosted two other short films titled The Great Decision (about Woodrow Wilson) (released August 27, 1931) and Turn Of The Tide (September 14). These were part of a projected 13-part series dubbed "Supreme Thrills" covering World War I, produced by Amadee J. Van Beuren for RKO Pictures and Pathé Exchange. However, only two were put in active release.
- "Floyd Gibbons". Republican and Herald. Pottsville, Pennsylvania. March 14, 1930. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Floyd Gibbons, Famous War Writer, Is Dead". Chicago Tribune. p. 1. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Floyd Gibbons, Famous War Reporter, Dies in Poconos". The Wilkes-Barre Record. September 25, 1939. p. 17. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Floyd Gibbons, War Reporter, Dies Suddenly". Pittsburgh Press. September 25, 1939. p. 17. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Floyd Gibbons is Dead, Noted War Reporter". The Des Moines Register. September 25, 1939. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Floyd Gibbons Dies at 52; Once Was Reporter Here". The Minneapolis Star. September 25, 1939. p. 8. Retrieved January 18, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- "The Tribune Representative Arrest at Winter". Minneapolis Tribune. October 8, 1910 – via Newspapers.com.
- p. 182 Lindsay, Charles On the Cover Hoover Digest Monday, July 9, 2018 2018 No. 3
- Henabery, Joseph (March 14, 1997). Before, In, and After Hollywood: The Autobiography of Joseph E. Henabery. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810832008 – via Google Books.
- Hamilton, John Maxwell (March 14, 2019). Journalism's Roving Eye: A History of American Foreign Reporting. LSU Press. ISBN 9780807136652 – via Google Books.
- "Floyd Gibbons". IMDb.
- Kelly, John (February 27, 2017). "How a torpedoed ocean liner boosted the career of a D.C.-born newsman". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
- New York, Wid's Films and Film Folks (July 1, 1931). "The Film Daily (Jul-Dec 1931)". New York, Wid's Films and Film Folks, Inc. – via Internet Archive.
- "Motion Picture Herald". Quigley Publishing Co. March 14, 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Gibbons, Edward. Floyd Gibbons: Your Headline Hunter (New York: Exposition Press, 1953), a biography by his brother.
- Gilbert, Douglas. Floyd Gibbons: Night of the Air (1930)
- Nauratil, Marcia J. ed. Biographical dictionary of American journalism (Greenwood Press, 1985) pp 266–8
- Floyd Gibbons at Belleau Wood Article condensed from Edward's book by Shelley Mitchell-Schaaf, Floyd's great niece.
- Floyd Gibbons biography - "Radio Days" website
- Gibbons's article on the sinking of the Laconia Archived June 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Devil Dogs," from Country Life, December 1918.
- Works by Floyd Phillips Gibbons at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Floyd Gibbons at Internet Archive
- Works by Floyd Gibbons at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)