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Florentine citron

The Florentine citroncitron hybrid of Florence (Italian: cedrato di Firenze) – is a very fragrant citrus fruit, which is named after its most known origin of cultivation. Its scientific name is Citrus ×limonimedica 'Florentina' Lush.

Florentine citron
Cedro da Fiorenza Volkamer 1708 124a.png
SpeciesC. × limonimedica Lush.

Source and geneticsEdit

The source of this variety or hybrid is from the Italian Renaissance gardens. Today it is considered to be a lemon × citron hybrid.

It's well known to be one parent of the Bizzaria chimaera.

History and usesEdit

The Florentine hybrid

It was first carefully described by Johann Christoph Volkamer in his Nürnbergische Hesperides, who gave a detailed account for original citrus types, mutations and hybrids, along with professional illustrations. He has many illustrations from the Florentine citron, as growing for itself, or on the Bizzaria tree. Those illustration are resembling its look of today, with a precise accuracy.

He also writes that it has a very pleasant fragrance, similar to variety etrog.

The most popular Italian variety, namely the Genoese citron, was very well respected and praised by Ashkenazic and Sephardic communities.[1]


  1. ^ Rabbi Daniel Tirni of Fiorenza, Ikrei haDath chapter 33.

External linksEdit