Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery

The Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care is an academic faculty within King's College London. The faculty is the world's first nursing school to be continuously connected to a fully serving hospital and medical school (St. Thomas' Hospital).[3] Established on 9 July 1860 by Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, it was a model for many similar training schools through the UK, Commonwealth and other countries for the latter half of the 19th century.[4] It is primarily concerned with the education of people to become nurses and midwives. It also carries out nursing research, continuing professional development and postgraduate programmes. The Faculty forms part of the Waterloo campus on the South Bank of the River Thames and is now one of the largest faculties in the university.

Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care
King's College London
Former names
– The Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses
– Nightingale School of Nursing
– Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery
Established9 July 1860
Parent institution
King's College London
Head of SchoolIan Norman
James Clerk Maxwell Building
57 Waterloo Road
London, England
SE1 8WA[1]
Florence Nightingale posing with her class of nurses from St. Thomas' Hospital. Also on the photo is Sir Harry Verney, an active supporter of the nursing school.[2]
Florence Nightingale, depicted in this popular lithograph reproduction of The Lady with the Lamp as painted by Henrietta Rae, 1891.

The school is ranked as the number one faculty for nursing in London[5] and in the United Kingdom[6] whilst third in the world rankings[7] and belongs to one of the leading universities in health services, policy and research in the world.[8][9][10][11] A freedom-of-information request in 2015 disclosed that the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery had one of the lowest admission offer rates of 14% to its applicants.[12]

The faculty specialises in the following areas: child and adolescent nursing; midwifery and women's health; adult nursing; mental health nursing; and postgraduate research, with programmes catering to the needs of a wider range of individuals and healthcare professionals continuing their professional development.



Inspired by Florence Nightingale and her nurses' work during the Crimean War, a fund was set up in 1855 by members of the public to raise money for her work.[13] By June 1856, £44,039 (equivalent to over £4.26 million in 2016) was raised. Nightingale decided to use the money to set up a training school at St Thomas' Hospital. The first nurses began their training on 9 July 1860. Graduates of the school used to be called 'Nightingales'.[2]

When Nightingale's school for nurses was initially set up, under the direction of Mrs Wardroper, the hospital matron,[14] the students had a typical training period lasting a year.[2] Students normally lived in-house; whilst having their own private rooms, a common room for lounge or socials was provided in the hospital's special area. The students attended their classes/patients at St. Thomas' Hospital.[2] Around twenty to thirty students were accepted in a year, whose probationary period fall under two classifications.[2] A common class woman who serves as student, upon completion, would receive a certain small amount of money plus a placement in a home or institution.[2] An upper-class woman or 'Lady', on the other hand, would have completed some education and would be given the opportunity to assist in the school.[2] Uniforms were provided at any case, and they would be under the charge of a matron (and an assistant).[2] Upon graduation, they would be given a chance to visit Florence Nightingale in her South Street apartment, a momentous occasion for few people to meet her in person, especially since Nightingale's profile has been made well-known nationwide after the Crimean War.[2] Nightingale kept extensive notes on all the students in the school, including their 'character'.[2] She placed particular importance upon character; should there be any issue about 'character', the 'certification' of a nurse would be opposed.[2]

Between 1860 and 1903 the school certified 1,907 nurses as having had one year's training. Many of the trainees went on to be matrons or superintendents of nursing.[15]

Over the years, the training and the school itself went through a series of changes, mergers and expansions. The curriculum for nurses has changed enormously since. Further, in 1991, the school merged with Olive Haydon School of Midwifery and the Thomas Guy & Lewisham School of Nursing, creating the Nightingale and Guy's College of Nursing & Midwifery. The following year the name changed to the Nightingale College of Health. In 1993, it merged with King's College Hospital School of Nursing at Normanby College and formed the Nightingale Institute.[16] In 1996, the institute was fully integrated into King's College London and was combined with the university's Department of Nursing Studies two years later to form the Florence Nightingale Division of Nursing & Midwifery.[16] In 1999 it was renamed the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery.[16] In September 2014 the school changed its name to the "Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery". In 2017 the Cicely Saunders Institute at King's moved from the Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine to join with the Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery. The Faculty was renamed the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care.[17] As of 2021, the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care is a faculty of 300 staff and 4,000 students.[18]

Notable alumni, academics and staff



  1. ^ "Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care Address".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Florence Nightingale: The School for Nurses". www.countryjoe.com.
  3. ^ Petroni, A (1969). "[The first nursing school in the world—St. Thomas Hospital School in London]". Munca Sanit. 17 (8): 449–54. PMID 5195090.
  4. ^ Daly, John; Speedy, Sandra; Jackson, Debra (2009). Contexts of Nursing (3 ed.). Elsevier Australia (Churchill Livingstone). p. 41. ISBN 9780729539258.
  5. ^ The Complete University Guide (2 October 2015). "University Subject Tables 2016: Nursing – London". The Complete University Guide. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  6. ^ QS (30 April 2016). "QS World University Rankings by Subject 2016 – Nursing". QS. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
  7. ^ QS (30 April 2017). "Nursing". QS. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Key Facts". King's Health Partners. Archived from the original on 31 October 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. ^ "World Reputation Rankings 2015 results". Times Higher Education. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  10. ^ "University Research Excellence Framework 2014 – the full rankings". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  11. ^ "2014–2015 World Ranking (1–250)". Middle East Technical University. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Breakdown of undergraduate admissions statistics - a Freedom of Information request to King's College London" (PDF). 11 July 2015.
  13. ^ "King's College London - History". www.kcl.ac.uk.
  14. ^ Abel-Smith, Brian (1960). A History of the Nursing Profession. London: Heinemann. p. 6.
  15. ^ Abel-Smith, Brian (1960). A History of the Nursing Profession. London: Heinemann. p. 24.
  16. ^ a b c "Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery: About the School: History". King's College London. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  17. ^ "King's College London - History". www.kcl.ac.uk.
  18. ^ "About us | Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery & Palliative Care | King's College London". www.kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  19. ^ Craig, David H (1973). "A history of the Belfast City Hospital" (PDF). The Ulster Medical Journal. 43 (1): 1–14. PMC 2385391. PMID 4595366. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  20. ^ Bell, L. M. (October 1967). "Kofoworola Abeni Pratt; third vice-president, International Council of Nurses". Int Nurs Rev. 14 (5): 7–10. PMID 4864502.
  21. ^ "Woman's Hour". Woman's Hour. 11 July 2016. BBC Radio Four. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Isla Stewart: The Incarnation of Common Sense". Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  23. ^ Baly, Monica E (2004). "Still, Dame Alicia Frances Jane Lloyd- (1869–1944), nurse". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Subscription or UK public library membership required: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/56823. ISBN 978-0-19-861412-8.

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