The Flick family is a wealthy German family with an industrial empire that formerly embraced holdings in companies involved in coal, steel and a minority holding in Daimler AG.

Friedrich Flick (1883–1972) was the founder of the dynasty, establishing a major industrial conglomerate during the Weimar Republic; he was found guilty at the Flick Trial, which formed part of the Nuremberg Trials. During the Second World War Flick's industrial enterprises used 48,000 forced labourers from Germany's concentration camps. Friedrich Flick was pardoned 3 years later and received a full refund of the proceeds of crime paid, from the governments.

Friedrich Christian Flick, known as Mick Flick, is an art collector and grandson of Friedrich Flick.

History edit


Friedrich Flick was the son of a wealthy farmer, who also owned some stock in a mining company in Ernsdorf. His rise began as a member of the board of directors of the Charlottenhütte mining company, and he eventually became a co-owner. He became the company's Director-General in 1919. During the Weimar Republic, he built an enormous industrial conglomerate.

War crimes edit

While originally a member of the right-wing liberal-nationalist German People's Party, Flick also supported the Nazi Party financially from 1933, and over the next ten years donated over seven million marks to the party.[1]

During the Second World War Flick's industrial enterprises used 48,000 forced labourers from Germany's concentration camps. It is estimated that 80 per cent of these workers died as a result of the way they were treated during the war. Flick was found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg in 1947 and was sentenced to seven years in prison, but was pardoned 3 years after and resumed control over his industrial conglomerate, becoming the richest person in West Germany.

Controversies edit

The 1983 Flick Affair revealed that German politicians had been bribed to allow the Flick family to reduce its tax liabilities, and after becoming an Austrian citizen to further reduce his tax obligations, in 1985 Friedrich Karl Flick sold most of his industrial holdings to Deutsche Bank for $2.5 billion (£1.4 billion), retiring until his 2006 death.

On Thursday November 20, 2008, it was reported that his body was stolen from a cemetery in Velden am Wörtersee, Austria.

Charitable donations edit

A German high school in Friedrich Flick's hometown was called the "Friedrich-Flick-Gymnasium" until September 2008. The contribution from Flick had made it possible to build this school in 1969. The Donatella Flick Conducting Competition is named for Princess Donatella Missikoff Flick, the wife of Gert Rudolph Flick.

Notable members edit

Children of Friedrich Flick edit

  • Otto-Ernst Flick (1916–74), his children (with Barbara Raabe):
  • Rudolf Flick (born 1919, died June 28, 1941, in Ukraine)
  • Friedrich Karl Flick (February 3, 1927 – October 5, 2006), industrialist, involved in a German political scandal; married three times (no children with first wife):
    • Alexandra (with Ursula Kloiber, née Reuther), who wed Stefan Butz
    • Elisabeth Anna (December 24, 1973) (with Ursula Kloiber, née Reuther), who wed February 8, 2006 Prince Wilhelm von Auersperg-Breunner (April 23, 1968); they have two sons and one daughter[4]
    • Victoria-Katharina (January 17, 1999) (with Ingrid Ragger)
    • Karl-Friedrich (January 17, 1999) (with Ingrid Ragger)

Other Flick family members:

References and notes edit

  1. ^ Stallbaumer, L. M. "Frederick Flick's Opportunism and Expediency". Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies. No. Vol 13 No 12. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Biografie von Friedrich Vitzthum von Eckstädt (1855-1936) - Sächsische Biografie | ISGV e.V." Retrieved 2023-04-16.
  3. ^ "Promotie" [Promotion]. Het Parool (in Dutch). 1988-10-27. Retrieved 2023-04-16 – via Delpher.
  4. ^ a b c Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Furstliche Hauser Band XIX. C.A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn. 2011. pp.113, 368-369. German. ISBN 978-3-7980-0849-6.

Further reading edit

  • Thomas Ramge: Die Flicks. Eine deutsche Familiengeschichte um Geld, Macht und Politik. Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-593-37404-8.
  • Günter Ogger: Friedrich Flick der Grosse. 3. Auflage. Scherz Verlag, Bern-München-Wien 1971.
  • Kim Christian Priemel: Flick - Eine Konzerngeschichte vom Kaiserreich bis zur Bundesrepublik. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 3-8353-0219-1.
  • Norbert Frei, Ralf Ahrens, Jörg Osterloh, Tim Schanetzky: Flick. Der Konzern. Die Familie. Die Macht. Blessing Verlag, München 2009, ISBN 978-3-89667-400-5